What is your own business? presentation for the lesson (5th, 6th grade)

Project presentation for grades 5-7 on Financial literacy.


Slide captions:

What is your own business? Project carried out by: Rubtsova E. - MBOU "Secondary School No. 8", school director, physics teacher, Nefteyugansk; Orinskaya I. - MBOU "Secondary school №30 with UIOP", teacher of geography, Nizhnevartovsk; E. Kazeeva - MBOU "Secondary School No. 14", primary school teacher, Nefteyugansk; N. Gordievskin - MBOU "Secondary School No. 14", a chess teacher, Nefteyugansk. ...

Lesson objectives * to form students (grades 5-6) knowledge about business and entrepreneurial activity; * get acquainted with the forms of business organization; * to identify the personality traits of an entrepreneur; * to reveal the importance of entrepreneurial activity.

Who do you think is an entrepreneur / businessman? What activities can be called entrepreneurship?

An entrepreneur or businessman is a person who has his own business in order to make a profit in the form of providing services, trade or production. It is known that the telegraph, telephone, radio, computer were invented by scientists, but it was entrepreneurs who made them the means of mass communication. Entrepreneurship is a character trait, a way of behavior, which is characterized by dexterity, dexterity, the ability to get out of difficult situations, to organize something from scratch.

Helps to: achieve success in life; achieve material well-being; show creativity; accelerate the development of the country's economy. Why run your own business?

Types of business Small Medium Industrial Trade Financial

Forms of entrepreneurship individual enterprise SMALL BUSINESS is an economic activity that brings profit in small and medium-sized enterprises with less than 500 employees.

Sole proprietorship Partnership Joint-stock company Corporation Forms of business organization

Business organization includes several stages Writing a business plan

Short-term project for the lesson on "Entrepreneurship"

Checked by: L. Shipaeva, professor of economics


Slide captions:

Small business development in Russia. Completed by: E. Novikova Student 143/2 gr. Checked by: L. Shipaeva

Small Business History. In the Russian history of small business, a number of stages can be distinguished: The first stage (1985 - 1987) is characterized by the emergence and activity of centers of scientific and technical creativity, temporary creative teams at public organizations, the spread of brigade contracts, the small number of participants in entrepreneurship and its experimental nature, the formation emotional and psychological foundations of entrepreneurial activity based on private property. This stage can be called experimental. During the second stage (1987-1988), the scope of small business activity expands, the number of people taking part in it increases; entrepreneurship takes on the character of an active numerous movement. The purpose of small business development is to saturate the domestic market with consumer goods. This stage was called the stage of the "cooperative movement". The third stage (1989 - 1990) is associated with the adoption of legislative acts aimed at revitalizing small businesses. Preparations have begun for the so-called small-scale privatization. It created the necessary basis for a real transition to market relations, increasing the economic efficiency of the Russian economy. It was at this time that private enterprise was legalized.

The fourth stage (1991 - 1992) is characterized by commercialization and the emergence of medium and large businesses. There have been fundamental changes in the attitude of the state to the development of entrepreneurship. The fifth stage (1993 - 1994) became a band of large-scale privatization and development of all types of entrepreneurship, the emergence of many owners and the intensive participation of small businesses in services, trade, public catering, light industry, producing consumer goods and durable goods. The sixth stage (since 1995) of entrepreneurship development will be able to change the balance of active forces in favor of innovative processes. Then entrepreneurship will be able to manifest itself in all its diversity and discover the forces that can move the market, ensure the normal functioning of the market economy, the coexistence of various subjects, each of which has its own spheres of application of activity and its own tasks

The definition of small business. “Small business” is an entrepreneurial activity on a relatively small scale. A broader definition of this concept can be given as follows: a system of economically isolated small and medium-sized enterprises, market-oriented, forming the structure and volume of production under the influence of consumer demand for goods and services, administratively independent of government and other institutions.

Small business legal framework. Small business in Russia as an independent socio-economic phenomenon has existed for over 10 years. The current legislative and regulatory legal acts are aimed at state support for small enterprises in order to create favorable conditions for their functioning, primarily the provision of tax benefits. Thus, by the decree of the Government of the Russian Federation of 18. 7. 1, No. 406 "On measures to support and develop small enterprises in the RSFSR", criteria for classifying enterprises as small ones were determined, the possibility of establishing certain tax benefits, as well as creating financial funds support from budgetary funds. In accordance with the RSFSR law “On Competition and Restriction of Monopolistic Activities in Commodity Markets,” the Russian Government adopted a resolution in April 1993 on the establishment of a fund for supporting entrepreneurship and developing competition (since December 1995, it has been renamed the Federal Fund for Small Business Support). And in June 1995, the federal law “On state support of small business in the Russian Federation” was adopted, which determined the general provisions of support for small businesses, forms and methods of state incentives, as well as regulation of the activities of small businesses. By the decree of the President of the Russian Federation in June 1995, the State Committee of the Russian Federation for the Support and Development of Small Business was established. In April 1994, the Government of the Russian Federation approved the target federal program of state support for small business in Russia for 1994-1995. It identified the main directions, goals and priorities in this area, including improving legislation, developing a system of financial and credit support, information and consulting support for small businesses, assistance in the implementation of contracts to meet government needs, etc.

Small business features. First of all, it is worth noting the unity of ownership and direct management of the enterprise. The second characteristic is the so-called visibility of the enterprise: the limited scope of its scale causes a special, personal nature of the relationship between the owner and the employee, which allows you to achieve real motivation for the work of personnel and a higher degree of their satisfaction with work. The third is the relatively small markets for resources and sales, which do not allow the firm to exert any serious influence on prices and total industry sales of goods. The fourth is the personified nature of the relationship between the entrepreneur and the customers, since, as noted above, a small business is designed to serve a relatively narrow circle of consumers. Fifth - the key role of the manager in the life of the enterprise: he is fully responsible for the results of management, not only because of the property market, but also due to his direct involvement in the production process and everything connected with its organization. The sixth specific feature is family business management: it is inherited by the owner's relatives, which dictates the direct involvement of the latter in all the activities of the enterprise. The seventh feature is related to the nature of the funding. While the “giants” draw the necessary resources mainly through stock exchanges, then small businesses rely on relatively small bank loans, their own funds and the “informal” capital market (money from friends, relatives, etc.).

Small business functions. Economic functions, defined by his role as, first, an employer; secondly - a manufacturer of products and services, thirdly - a catalyst of scientific and technological progress, fourthly - a taxpayer, fifthly - an agent of market relations. Social functions. First, through small forms of entrepreneurial activity, many people reveal and realize their creative potential. Secondly, the labor of socially vulnerable groups of the population is mainly used here, which cannot find employment in large enterprises.

Business presentation has now become an invaluable form of interaction between a company and its clients and investors: it is used to educate, inform, convince, and also build trust and authority.

Guy Kawasaki, a Silicon Valley entrepreneur who came up with the concept of "evangelism" in the tech business, has formulated the so-called "10-20-30 rule" for killer presentations:

  • the presentation should be no more than 10 slides;
  • the presentation should be no more than 20 minutes;
  • The text of the PowerPoint slides should be written in a font size 30: this forces the author to choose only the most important information, without unnecessary "water".

A business presentation, whether live or recorded, is a great tool for building a subscription base.

A business presentation, whether live or recorded, is a great tool for building a subscription base.

While some people prefer the format of speaking directly to the camera, a presentation in the form of slides can add depth and solidity to the presentation, as well as clearly explain complex issues.

In this article, you will learn how to create a business presentation and be inspired by good examples.

How to create a business presentation?

Developing a business presentation implies careful planning and thoughtfulness of actions. If you are going to perform live, here are some helpful tips.

Study the topic of the presentation

I don't think there is a need to remind you that before speaking live in front of an audience and demonstrating something (social media campaigns, landing pages or webinars), you need to have a good understanding of the issues that interest you.

"Starting Your Own Business" Presentations


Slide captions:

An individual entrepreneur is a citizen registered in accordance with the law and doing business without forming a legal entity. Any capable citizen can be an entrepreneur, organizer and participant of an individual entrepreneur. Such persons also include stateless persons and all adults. At the same time, there are categories of citizens who cannot apply for an individual entrepreneur. These are civil servants who receive salaries from the budget of the Russian Federation and military personnel

General algorithm of actions. For the most understandable presentation of information, all the steps that must be performed for registration are broken down into paragraphs, each of which explains how to become an entrepreneur. This algorithm of actions will help you in general terms to figure out how to become an individual entrepreneur in Russia.

When starting his own business, a future entrepreneur can use the services of specialized firms that will fully deal with this issue for a certain financial reward. But for those who want to gain invaluable experience and save money, it is better not to resort to the services of professionals, but to figure out on their own how to become an individual entrepreneur. Indeed, in the future, the businessman will contact the fiscal authorities more than once.

To register a person as an individual entrepreneur, you must perform the following activities: 1. Select the type of activity in accordance with which all further business will be conducted. 2. Choose the most suitable taxation system. 3. Prepare all the necessary documents. 4. Fill in an application for registration of entrepreneurship. 5. Pay the state fee. 6. Submit documents to the Federal Tax Service Inspectorate (Inspectorate of the Federal Tax Service). 7. Receive documents confirming the status of the individual entrepreneur.

The first step: choosing the type of activity The first step should be familiarization with OKVED. When a person is registered as an individual entrepreneur in the state authorities, his future type of activity is specified and recorded. For these purposes, there is OKVED. OKVED - (decoding of the abbreviation - All-Russian classifier of economic activities). First step: choosing a type of activity

Each type of business is assigned an individual number, which the future individual entrepreneur must indicate when drawing up documents. The list of OKVED can be found in advance in the subdivisions of the Federal Tax Service or on its website. This classifier has 21 sections, which are divided into 88 classes. OKVED code can denote a class, subclass, group, subgroup and type of activity. Accordingly, it can be two, three, four, five or six digits long. But it is worth noting that in the application for registration of an individual entrepreneur, it cannot be less than four numbers, which means that the entrepreneur must decide on the class, subclass and group.

In general, an individual entrepreneur has the opportunity to use one of four taxation regimes: Taxation systems of the simplified taxation system PSN OSN UTII Second step: the choice of taxation.

1. The simplified taxation system (simplified taxation system) The simplified taxation system is of two types: with the object of taxation total income (tax is 6%) with the object of taxation income minus expenses (tax is 15%).

The simplified taxation system is the most popular taxation system among individual entrepreneurs. Since using it is the simplest tax and accounting. In addition, it reduces the tax burden on a private entrepreneur. The individual entrepreneur has the right to choose the type of simplified taxation system. If an entrepreneur decided to establish a simplified taxation system, he must submit a corresponding application for the transition in two copies to the Federal Tax Service. This can be done both during the registration of the individual entrepreneur, and within thirty calendar days after it. In the Russian Federation, an individual entrepreneur is obliged to pay contributions to social funds. If he is not an employer and uses a simplified taxation system with general income taxable, then the tax amount can be reduced by the amount of the insurance premium. On December 29, 2021, the President of the Russian Federation signed a decree on two-year tax holidays for beginner individual entrepreneurs, according to which, from 01.01.2021, all individual entrepreneurs during the first two years of their activity are exempted from the tax burden.

This presentation can be used to conduct a lesson on the topic of business and entrepreneurship.


Slide captions:

Business and Entrepreneurship Social Studies Lesson

Business and entrepreneurship Economic activity of people, the purpose of which is profit, income or other personal benefits Initiative independent activity of people, carried out on their own behalf, at their own risk, aimed at making a profit

Entrepreneurs Individuals Legal entities COMMERCIAL NON-COMMERCIAL FEATURES: Availability of property The right to acquire, use, dispose of property Independent property responsibility The right to act on its own behalf in court

Types of entrepreneurship Industrial Commercial Financial Intermediary Insurance

Forms of entrepreneurship Small business (up to 50 people) Medium business (up to 500 people) Large business (up to several thousand people) Individual (private) entrepreneurship Partnership (partnership) Joint stock company

Sources of business financing Channels for obtaining financial funds, as well as a list of economic entities that can provide these funds

Sources of business financing Internal Accumulated profit Amortization Income from property Additional investments External Bank loan Investments Sale of bonds and shares Budgetary funds

Equity securities certify that their owner receives a stake in the campaign property. DEBT Certify the relationship of debt (the owner has loaned to the firm)

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