We open a factory for the production of canned fish
What shops does a person visit every day? Of course grocery! Among the abundance of various products these days, we always buy canned food. Not a single trip is complete without canned meat; housewives add canned vegetables or fish to delicious salads. Undoubtedly, such canned products have two main advantages: cost and long-term storage. A properly built business in this area will bring a good income to its owner.
Most of the stores are filled with imported products. The production of canned food from fish is more developed than from meat. This can be corrected if domestic producers process the national product. You can also become such a producer. The canned food workshop will not bring quick profits. It is important to find and interest a buyer with your high-quality and exclusive product.
Where to start production
Production should start with the organization of the workshop. It is necessary to analyze the work of competitors and production technology. It is better to open a cannery near big cities. The demand for the manufactured products will be good. You need to find suppliers for your workshop and conclude contracts, draw up a business plan for the volume of products. onservice goods at all times were in great demand. Housewives make preparations for the winter, but not everyone has the time and energy for this. It's easier to go to the nearest store and purchase the product you want. And what to produce so that the product is in demand? Decide on the type of canned food produced.
- pickled vegetables; canned snack foods (salads, stews); canned tomatoes (ketchups, mashed potatoes, pasta); juices.
Canned meat raw materials:
- in its own juice;
- in tomato sauce;
- in oil;
- fish and vegetable; li >
- unsterilized canned fish.
The founder of the plant is assigned the role of manager. In an enterprise that is associated with the production of food products, a technologist is considered an important worker. He monitors the production of products, compliance with the necessary technologies.
You cannot do without other necessary specialists. There must be a head in the shop, a sales manager, a storekeeper, several loaders and machine operators are required. The number of personnel depends on the volume of products manufactured.
Workshops for canning products must have an area of at least 300 sq. m. This area will be quite enough for a warehouse and equipment. In addition to production workshops and warehouses, such premises as:
- refrigeration ;
- administrative ;
It is difficult to open an enterprise in the field of food production. But if the business is put on stream, having thought over all the details, the business will bring high profits. For those looking for a cost-effective idea to launch such a plant, the manufacture of canned fish can be recommended. This is one of the most attractive niches in the huge segment of the entire canning business, since finished products are in constant demand among consumers. The very technology for the production of canned fish is not difficult. Difficulties will arise in the other direction - it will be necessary to develop our own technical specifications and fully equip the premises.
Starting investments - from 3,000,000 rubles.
Market saturation - medium.
Difficulty starting a business - 8/10.
It is better to start an activity with a small workshop. This way you can minimize all the risks associated with starting a business.
Drawing up a business plan is a prerequisite. Pay close attention to the section on market analysis. In order to launch a profitable mini-factory for the production of canned fish, it is important to establish the level of competition in the region and the needs of the target audience. In the financial section of the project, you will determine the amount of investment that will be required to set up equipment, ensure a stock of raw materials and register activities /
Range of products and purchased raw materials
The developed recipes are further checked by the sanitary services. Without the appropriate permits, you will not be able to open a production of canned fish in Russia. It will also take a lot of time to register the company and the trade mark.
It is possible to produce not only canned food, consisting of pieces of fish in different marinades and fillings, but also fish meatballs with vegetables. The finished product is packaged in cans or glass jars. The first option is much more economical for both the end consumer and the manufacturer.
The canned fish factory can supply the market with products from different types of fish, mainly small ones. Popular canned food from:
Find wholesale fish suppliers to keep your equipment running smoothly. It is better to cooperate with fishery enterprises directly - this way you will reduce the cost of purchasing raw materials and guarantee the receipt of only high-quality "semi-finished products". The shops receive either fresh or frozen fish.
Fish is a perishable product. If low-quality raw materials enter the workshop, this will directly affect the taste of the finished product and its shelf life. Therefore, the process of accepting raw materials must be strictly controlled by the technologist. Quality products for processing are always accompanied by veterinary certificates.
The canned food business is quite profitable if properly organized. A small factory at home or in a rented space would be the best option.
Features of a business idea
A mini-plant of such specialization does not have high productivity, therefore, when organizing it, you need to focus on the needs of the local buyer. When placing the capacities of a mini-enterprise, it is necessary to pay attention to the availability of raw materials in order to reduce transportation costs. This will reduce the cost of production.
As a result, it will become competitive with the products of large manufacturers that have won the trust of many buyers.
The mini-factory can focus on the production of the following types of canned food:
Another feature of mini-factories is that their mode of operation is seasonal. The production of canned food from vegetables and fruits takes place in the summer-autumn period, and the sale - in the winter-spring period. If desired, you can set up several lines. One of them should be engaged in the production of meat, fish or mushroom products. Such a line can work for a whole year.
A canned food plant can be equipped with a variety of equipment that allows you to get a certain product. Vegetables, fruits, meat and other raw materials should be packed in prepared glass or iron jars. For the needs of a mini-enterprise, you can purchase the following equipment:
A plant for the production of canned food can use the following methods of preserving raw materials for its work:
Production of canned fish from river fish
We offer for consideration a technological line for the production of canned fish.
- - Primary raw material - river fish.
- - Number of raw materials at the input, for each type (t / hour) - up to 2 tons per shift;
- - Number of shifts (working hours / day) - 1 shift / 8 hours;
- - End product (all types) - canned fish (in oil, in its own juice and in tomato bay);
- - Packing in containers (type, overall dimensions) - aluminum cans No. 2 (D99, H28) and No. 3a (D99, H35,3); Cover with key.
What equipment is required for the production of canned fish
1. for fish processing; 2. for preparing (scalding) containers, filling and rolling them; 3. for autoclaving; 4. for labeling and group packaging.
Let's describe each of them separately:
The shop operator puts raw fish in the amount of 60-200 kg into a drum-type scaler (the “gate” of the machine is closed), in which it is cleaned from scales (within 5-15 minutes).
After processing (the time is selected individually for each type of fish), the operator opens the "gate", and the fish is poured into the washing machine, in which it is washed from scales and other contaminants. After washing, the fish enters the buffer tank (receiving perforated table), from which the operators take the fish and, on a special machine, cut off the head / tail and, if necessary, the fins, as well as open the abdominal cavity of the fish, if necessary, and transfer it for further processing - gutting the fish with its additional cleaning from scales (if necessary). Up to 16 operators (16 workplaces) can be involved in this operation.
Then the fish is transferred to a buffer tank (receiving perforated table), from which the operator puts the fish into the portioning machine. The fish is cut into pieces of a given width (This can be 20mm or 30mm). Two different interchangeable knife systems are used for different container parameters and required sizes.
So, the fish is cleaned of scales, washed, without a head, tail, gutted and cut into pieces. The fish must be fried, and before that, prepare it for this operation. For this, an elevator with a vertical conveyor with the function of washing the fish is used, and behind it is another elevator with the function of blowing and removing excess moisture from the fish.
The fish is fed to a breading machine, in which a layer of flour is automatically applied to the fish. After that, there is a conveyor in the line, which simultaneously serves to move the processed raw materials between the breading machine and the frying oven, as well as to "swell" the sprinkling on the fish (crust formation). Then the fish is fried and transferred to the conveyor - cooler, in which the fish is cooled to the required operating temperature.
After that, the fish gets onto a rotating table, which performs several tasks at the same time - a buffer zone for fish ready for packaging, filling the fish itself into cans by 9-10 operators, as well as placing it on it in a circle (along the edge of the table ) empty previously scalded aluminum containers.
The food industry is undergoing a significant crisis, due to a decrease in consumer demand for some food products. Therefore, when planning to launch an enterprise in this area, it is worthwhile to carefully analyze the market and choose a “safe” niche. This includes the production of canned meat. Despite the high competition between manufacturers, it is quite possible for a budding entrepreneur to take his place in the consumer market. The technology for the production of canned meat is not complicated, considering that almost all operations here are carried out using automatic equipment. Other difficulties should be expected - obtaining permits from supervisory authorities, preparation of product formulations.
Starting investments - from 3,000,000 rubles.
Market saturation - medium.
Difficulty starting a business - 8/10.
A canned meat production plant in Russia will require significant investments. Most of the investments will go to the purchase of equipment and preparation of the shop for work. If you plan to use borrowed capital to launch an enterprise, you must have a business plan. On the project pages, you will calculate the required investments and think over the development strategy. Already now you can start looking for customers interested in purchasing our products.
Range of products
Stew is not all that can be obtained using modern automatic equipment. Think over all possible assortment options!
Canned meat can be of the following types:
- stew (beef, pork);
- with vegetable raw materials (meat with beans, rice, buckwheat, barley, peas);
- from poultry meat (chicken, duck, goose);
- based on offal (pates, liver, kidneys).
At first, 3-6 product names will be enough for a young workshop. In the future, when customers recognize the products, it is worth introducing new product lines.
When the assortment is outlined, hire a qualified technologist who will develop a recipe using either GOST for canned meat or TU. The process is long and responsible. In the future, the products will be checked by Rospotrebnadzor for compliance with quality indicators. As a result, you will receive certificates of conformity for goods and will be able to supply them to the market. As practice shows, obtaining certificates and permits takes up to a year. To simplify the already long process, it is better to abandon the production of canned meat for baby food for now. This is a special segment of production that requires a completely different approach - careful selection of raw materials, cooperation with nutritionists and pediatricians, the development of unique recipes, and large investments in advertising.
In parallel with the certification of products, you will need to register your own trademark. This is a crucial stage in starting a business - at first, the level of sales will depend on the name and design of the container.
Canned meat production technology