Egg business at home
The diet of a modern person is difficult to imagine without chicken products. Eggs and chicken meat are some of the most common ingredients in our country. The chicken is the bird that has been bred from time immemorial. These are very unpretentious creatures that are able to find their own food on their own.
On the one hand, industrial poultry farms meet the population's need for fresh eggs and chicken meat. However, it is known that growth accelerators are used in such factories, and the chickens themselves are fed with antibiotics. It is for this reason that there is a category of consumers whose representatives prefer farm products from the village, including chicken and eggs. Therefore, breeding chickens for different purposes can be very popular.
If you are interested in this business, first of all, you need to decide which product you want to produce, will it be eggs or chicken meat and offal? This is important, since breeding chickens for different purposes involves buying completely different breeds and providing different conditions for keeping.
What is the first thing you need to start such a business?
First of all, you need a land plot with a house and adjacent buildings. Those who already own all of this are in the most advantageous position, otherwise you will have to rent a plot of land, as well as build a room for a chicken coop, and all this still needs to be recouped.
If you have a free barn on your own plot, then you can equip it as a chicken coop. In the event that not, such a construction is done independently. Typically, 4 wooden logs are placed in the corners as a base, and then planked and pitched roofs are installed to avoid breaking under the load of snow. The poultry house is also built from gas silicate blocks. With the onset of cold weather, organic insulation is laid on the earthen floor, the contents of which are added every 10-12 days by about 5 cm.
The number of chickens depends on what size you are ready to build a chicken coop - for 4 chickens there is 1 sq. ... A hole must pass from the hen house so that the chickens can get out for walks, which is necessary for good egg production and high quality of the eggs themselves.
The temperature in the hen house should be in the range of about -2 to +25 for chickens to lay all year round. For this reason, it is necessary to think about insulation. Needles, sawdust, straw, dry leaves are used as insulation. It is necessary to insulate both the walls and the earthen floor. It is also worth treating the walls with lime to protect against rodents.
In addition, it is highly desirable to have feeders and drinkers along the side walls in the chicken coop. Such devices can be purchased, but alternatively, these devices are made independently.
Good ventilation is also desirable. For ventilation, it is worth getting a dust fan, as well as providing a window closed with a grill to avoid the appearance of rodents. To protect chickens from infection, it is worth cleaning the hen house every day. Disinfection is carried out once every 3 months. During this procedure, the walls, floor and perch are covered with a mixture of lime water. It is difficult to imagine a chicken coop without roosts. They are set at a level of 0.5 meters, counting 10-15 cm per 1 individual. Of course, you need nests. Their number is selected on the basis that there is 1 nest for 4-5 chickens. It is better to place them secluded against the back wall or in the corners. Wooden boxes filled with straw or hay are used as nest sites. It is important to provide an egg collector in it to prevent the loss of eggs and a situation where the birds themselves can crush the egg.
- 1 How to breed chickens - a business idea
- 2 Keeping chickens, taking into account the specifics of residence
- 3 How to keep chickens: feeding features <
- 4 Breeding of laying hens at home - features and nuances
- 5 What is chicken breeding for meat
- 6 How to ensure the reproduction of hens
- 7 Business plan for raising chickens
Breeding chickens is a process that can be started even if a small plot of land or a summer cottage is available, and for several reasons. First, it is beneficial from an economic point of view. Secondly, it is tasty, and most importantly, truly wholesome and healthy food. In addition, this type of business works practically without waste, does not require special professional training, large start-up capital and a large baggage of knowledge.
How to breed chickens - a business idea
In the poultry industry, breeding chickens for both meat and laying hens is a profitable business. With proper care and proper nutrition, the livestock grows over several months and begins to actively lay eggs. If you create comfortable temperature conditions for the bird, this process can take place almost all year round and bring constant financial income.
If we approach this issue from the point of view of home breeding, then the business idea of the project should be based on the following principles:
- purpose - the end result of the event can be both meat production and egg production. Depending on this, a specific breed is selected;
- seasonality - you can do this all year round, or you can take out the livestock seasonally. In the second case, we are talking about a warm period of time - spring-summer;
- a room - with a year-round presence of a bird in it, this should be an equipped, warm place, resistant to winds and temperature extremes;
- way of keeping - outdoor or cage. If the bird is not limited by the space of the cage, its number should be tied to the area of the barn.
No more than five individuals are allowed per square meter of the room. Perimeters should be equipped along its entire perimeter - they will be required at night. If the living creatures are kept in a cage, the number of heads can be increased to 7 pieces. Experts say that such breeding is preferable - chickens grow faster in cages, they are more active and gain weight better.
Keeping hens based on the specifics of residence
How to keep chickens based on living conditions? It all depends on what idea we have chosen - the process will be continuous or seasonal. In the absence of proper conditions, opt for summer breeding. In this case, the process of maintenance and care is easier. You will need:
- canopy or light cover;
- walking area.
Humanity is still puzzling over what came before: a chicken or an egg. However, in the 21st century, this issue took on a slightly different color. Now an increasing number of entrepreneurs are interested in the question: "What is more effective: breeding chickens for sale or for selling eggs?"
One correct conclusion can be drawn from this question - no one doubts the profitability of raising chickens as a business line.
Due to the fact that chickens are poultry with an unpretentious disposition, their breeding turns into a simple and not time-consuming business.
To open your own poultry farm, you do not need large investments or deep and complex knowledge in the field of animal husbandry. Given the limited financial resources of the population, the idea of raising laying hens for the sale of eggs is very attractive and expedient.
How to organize a poultry farm
Many entrepreneurs in both rural and urban areas have taken an interest in chicken farming in recent years.
Beginning businessmen shouldn't be upset, however:
- In our country, chicken eggs are a very popular product: one average adult consumes up to 292 eggs a year.
- The structure of the population by age shows that the adult population of our country accounts for about 100 million people.
Primitive mathematical calculations will show that the consumer market in Russia is huge. The demand for naturally sourced organic products will remain constant.
When drawing up the right business plan, an entrepreneur can start his business with a small chicken coop and after a few years grow to sell eggs at an industrial level. When performing calculations for a business project, it is necessary to carefully consider all the nuances and build a long-term development strategy.
Below are the main points that entrepreneurs should be guided by when starting a business.
Choice of premises and conditions of detention
Domestic or professional chicken breeding is a profitable and popular poultry industry. This is due to the constant demand for poultry meat among the population and the availability of doing business in urban and rural areas.
For many entrepreneurs, this activity began as a hobby, a source of additional income, and has grown into a full-fledged business.
Breeding of hens - laying hens is distinguished by productivity, where everything goes into implementation - eggs, meat, droppings - the most valuable fertilizer, down and feathers, which are used in the manufacture of clothes and bedding. Caring for a chicken does not cause worries, anyone can do this business. The bird grows quickly and gains weight, and when growing certain breeds, meat or layers, the result will fully meet the expectations of the entrepreneur. Experienced businessmen specialize in certain breeding breeds of poultry.
Chicken coop room
When raising laying hens, attention is paid to the house for the poultry house. When there is no suitable one, it is easy to build it yourself in a short time - the birds are unpretentious. For construction, they choose slate, lumber or cinder blocks. The defining feature is the strength and durability of the structure, as well as the price of the materials used.
A room made of light materials is laid with insulation. Use straw, dry leaves, needles or sawdust. Often rodents enter it and cause damage to the livestock of young birds or eat eggs. To avoid this, the insulation material is mixed with lime in a ratio of 25: 1, respectively.
The chicken coop is being built 2 meters high. The area of the room is calculated based on the fact that there are 20 layers per 10 m 2.
When building a chicken coop, the need for ventilation is taken into account, a pipe or an ordinary window is suitable for this. The holes are covered with a net to prevent rodents from getting inside.
The temperature range for laying hens is from -2 to +27 ° C, certain breeds of chickens lay eggs in winter. It is important to provide suitable conditions for them in cold weather - in addition to the ceiling and walls, the floor is insulated. Previously used heaters are suitable, which are laid out with a thickness of 15 cm. About 2 times a month add another 5 cm - by the spring this layer will "grow" up to half a meter. The processes taking place in the insulation will contribute to additional heating of the room.
Feeders for dry grain-and-flour mixtures are placed along the walls and equipped with bumpers preventing the spread of feed. There is also a sippy cup. In a poultry house, a box with a mixture of sand and ash is needed. Chickens use these litters to get rid of parasites. But this does not exclude mandatory disinfection, which is carried out once a quarter: dissolve 2 kg of lime in 10 liters of water and cover the walls, floor and perch with the mixture.
Rational chicken rearing rules
We earn our business on domestic eggs on hens.
In this article I will share my experience on how to start an egg business at home and make money selling homemade chicken eggs.
As you know, the price and demand for homemade eggs is much higher than for eggs from poultry farms, because it's all about the naturalness of homemade products.
First, let's find out what is the difference between an egg from a domestic layer and an egg obtained in a poultry farm.
Benefits of laying eggs:
- Taste - homemade eggs taste natural.
- Benefit - the presence of only natural substances beneficial to the human body.
- Appearance - the yolk of a domestic egg has a bright orange color (depending on the feed, in winter the yolk color will be slightly lighter), the yolk of an egg from a poultry farm is always pale.
- Price - domestic eggs are one and a half - two times higher than poultry eggs.
As you can see, the benefits are significant, now let's look at how to organize your home business on eggs and make money on layers.
How to start an egg business at home
There are two ways to keep laying hens:
- Content in cells.
- Outdoor content.