Ready-made samples and examples of business plans for a grant for peasant farms

Farming is gaining more and more popularity today, thanks to the support of the state and the high profitability of the business. When opening your own farm, it is worth calculating every little detail so that the enterprise does not become unprofitable.

A well-thought-out farming business plan is a guarantor of successful business in the agricultural sector. Also, you may be interested in the anti-cafe business plan, thanks to which you will also receive excellent profits.

Choosing a line of business

Before you start drawing up a project of the future economy, be sure to watch only 2 videos (real experience of entrepreneurs who make serious money in this area):

Farming can be multifaceted. There are several main types that are the most profitable, they consistently bring considerable income, regardless of their territorial location. These include:

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  • Beekeeping;
  • Fish farming (breeding of trout, sturgeon, catfish, carp, carp and other types of fish);
  • Poultry farming (breeding of layers, broilers, turkeys, ducks, ostriches, geese);
  • Animal husbandry.

Also, a farmer can benefit not from a livestock farm, but from growing various berries, cereals, vegetables, herbs, fruits.

Additional production

A huge advantage of your own farm is the opportunity to open an additional source of income for yourself:

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  • If you are engaged in animal husbandry, you can produce semi-finished products, sausage stew;
  • If the farm is engaged in raising cows, the sale of milk, dairy and fermented milk products will become an additional source of income;
  • If vegetables are grown on the farm, then frozen products can be produced, which is in great demand;
  • If they are grown fruits and berries, in addition to selling them frozen, you can produce all kinds of jams and preserves.

Business plan guidelines and samples

Financial planning is the main economic component of a business plan. It reasonably calculates the break-even time, profitability, net profit and other performance indicators.

Russian agriculture is showing success. Their most important reason is the strong government support for this sector of the economy. It is implemented through two main instruments - subsidies and grants. Both types of assistance are carried out at the expense of budget funds. A colossal amount of 240 billion rubles was allocated for the development of the agricultural sector in 2021.

The article will talk about the main condition for obtaining a grant by a peasant farm - a correctly drawn up business plan.

Grants for Agriculture

A grant is a gratuitous targeted assistance to an agricultural production enterprise. What does this mean?

First, there is no need to give the received amount to the state. The exceptions are cases when the head of the peasant farm could not disburse funds or tried to use them inappropriately.

Secondly, the funds received are disbursed in accordance with the submitted business plan. The consequences of detecting violations of this condition are extremely unpleasant (see the previous paragraph).

Such conditions may seem overly stringent, but it should be borne in mind that funds are actually issued by the state under the business plan. For a novice farmer, this help often means an opportunity to start a business or bring a farm to a qualitatively new level. It is desirable, of course, to have some equity capital - it increases the chances of the application being approved.

Conditions conducive to receiving a grant

It is worth dwelling separately on the criteria by which the commission selects entrepreneurs who are most worthy of state support.

  • Higher specialized agricultural education (preferably).
  • Work experience or entrepreneurship (if not in the specialty, then at least ten years).
  • Having your own subsidiary farm for 10 years or more.
  • Membership in an agricultural cooperative.
  • Recommendations from the authorities.

Agriculture is an important sector of the country's economic stability and development. In recent years, entrepreneurs are increasingly inclined to open a business in this direction. A horticultural / horticultural cooperative is fine, but the broader scope of farming provides more opportunities in the long term. Opening a peasant farm (peasant farm) is much easier than building, say, your own mini-plant, while the profitability in the first case can be equal, or even more in the case of a successful choice of a land plot and associated weather conditions. Moreover, the state, taking into account the importance of this enterprise, meets the needs of farmers, encouraging their work with bonuses in the form of subsidies and the provision of land for free lease with the possibility of further transition to private ownership.

Before thinking about how to open a farm, you need to understand what this type of activity is, who can do it and who can do it.

What is a peasant farm

The exact definition of a peasant farm is given in Law 74-FZ, adopted by the State Duma at the end of May 2021. In simple words, all relatives of one or three families who have reached the age of majority can be members of an organization. Although one person is allowed to organize a business. In this case, the business is opened for an individual entrepreneur (IE). Registration of a legal entity as LLC is allowed. In this case, the organizer can accept five people into the team who have no family ties with the main team. To summarize, you can open a farm:

  • IE - individual entrepreneur (one person).
  • One to three families, including the third generation that has reached the age of majority.
  • An organization of up to five people who are not related to the founder.

Possible activities

There are more than enough directions in the development of this business. It is customary to refer to the main activity of the industry:

  • First, the production itself.
  • Second, product processing.
  • Third, its implementation.
  • If necessary - storage.
  • Delivery (transportation).

Production means growing:

  • cereals ;
  • greens;
  • vegetables ;
  • fruits ;

  • Livestock and poultry farming.
  • Fish farming.
  • Beekeeping.
  • Fur dressing.
  • Hunt.

It should be noted that some activities (such as growing onions and herbs) are seasonal in nature and depend on the vagaries of nature, therefore, the location of the land and the characteristics of the soil should be considered a risk factor.

What kind of activity can be selected additionally

A farm is a business aimed at growing crop or livestock products and their further sale. This is a popular type of production, attractive for its availability for private entrepreneurs.

The industry is highly competitive and faces significant risks. Considering that most of the market has already been captured, first of all, it is worth taking care of the distribution channels for the products. A good, but costly solution would be to open your own store for direct deliveries and sales of goods.

The development of farming as a small business is stimulated in every possible way by the state through financial support and simplification of the system for obtaining all the necessary decisions.

Drawing up a competent business plan and conscious production can make farming a profitable business for an entrepreneur who is not afraid to take risks in such an ambiguous niche.

The idea of ​​creating your own farm

Starting your own farm is a type of business available to everyone. Even the lack of initial capital will not be a problem: with a well-designed business plan, it is quite possible to take out a loan at a favorable interest rate or even find a good sponsor interested in a quality product.

Economists see farming as a profitable type of small business. But, due to the technical progress of recent decades, some of this kind of farms have closed, yielding a niche to the emerging monopolists in the form of distributors of genetically modified products. The high level of competition in this industry discourages many inexperienced entrepreneurs. Despite this, a natural quality product will always find its buyer.

There are several possible sectors for farming development:

  • Crop production.
  • cereals;
  • fruits;
  • vegetables;
  • greens.
  • Livestock:
  • livestock;
  • poultry;
  • fish farming; <
  • beekeeping.

It is not necessary to choose one specific direction. Many industries coexist perfectly in the complex. For example, livestock products can become fertilizer for plants, and plants can become animal feed. It all depends only on the size of the territory and the initial capital of the founder of the farm.

About farms in the Russian Federation

Natural products obtained without the use of chemical additives are in high demand among modern consumers. This is why small farms have more credibility with ordinary buyers than the industry giants.

Such a business can bring really high income and has good development prospects. If you believe the forecasts of experts, the popularity of products supplied by private farms will grow rapidly in the coming years. However, this business also has certain nuances that should be taken into account in order to obtain consistently high profits.

First of all, you need to develop a business plan for the farm, which will reflect all your steps towards the planned production volumes. Here, you should also take into account the possible risks, identifying ways to overcome them. Experienced entrepreneurs rightfully believe that a well-written business plan is the foundation of any serious undertaking.

Project Description

The project involves the opening of a farm, which will have the following activities:

  • Cultivation of young animals and subsequent sale of this product to the population.
  • Milk production and marketing.
  • Straw and hay production.

Since the estimated cost of the project is just over 2 million rubles, you will have to add the rest from your personal funds. Please understand that this is only an approximate amount, the amount of which may vary depending on the size of the business and the region where you live.

Consider the economic indicators of the project:

  • The annual net profit is 1.85 million rubles.
  • Profitability indicators - 83%. This is a very high indicator that testifies to the prospects of the business.
  • Given the above figures, the project will pay off in 13 months.

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