Plastic recycling: how to start a profitable business
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The main thing about the business plan of the waste recycling plant in the year
Waste recycling plant opening: sorting
Aluminum, plastic, rubber, glass are rubbish that we, without hesitation, throw into the trash can. Meanwhile, good money can be made from household waste. By investing in garbage, a businessman hopes to get a guaranteed profit, and, as a rule, he gets it, since the garbage recycling business in our country is not developing very actively.
At the same time, the experience of foreign countries in the separate collection of waste, garbage, solid waste demonstrates a very attractive side of the "dirty" business. The money invested in the opening of a plant, waste processing production, very quickly returns to the businessman. Moreover, deep waste processing promises maximum profitability.
The greatest difficulty is the organization of the primary sorting of garbage. The population in Russia throws all waste into one container, and the practice of European countries, where there are separate containers for each type of waste, is slowly taking root in our country. Although, as shown by the survey on waste sorting, most of the residents have a positive attitude to this innovation. But, while it has not yet come to the point, entrepreneurs will have to solve this problem on their own.
The relevance of separate waste collection in such a business as the processing of household waste is undoubtedly high. This would allow entrepreneurs to significantly reduce costs. Indeed, as practice shows, the most difficult thing in this business is to organize and carry out the primary sorting of waste. There is special equipment for recycling waste, but sorting must be done manually. Moreover, a lot of such workers will be required - at least 35-40 people, if we are talking about a solid enterprise.
What is the essence of sorting in a primary waste treatment operation? All types of waste must be clearly sorted by type of material - glass, plastic bottles, cans, wood, metal. Garbage that is not suitable for recycling is also manually rejected. In this case, the search for employees becomes a big problem for many businessmen, because not every job seeker wants to mess around in the trash.
When opening a line for waste processing, an entrepreneur should prepare for various kinds of problems. To facilitate their solution, you will be helped by a professional example of a business plan for opening a waste recycling plant with ready-made calculations, which contains all the information on waste recycling. Where is the best place to purchase non-food waste recycling equipment - The professional advice gathered in this document will help you find the answer to this question. In addition, you will learn how to correctly implement the disposal of recycled waste. Having successfully completed the task, you will make sure that money does not smell, even if it is a "dirty" business.
Setting up a waste recycling plant: PET waste
The relevance of the processing of solid household waste is increasing every day, because each resident of the metropolis throws about 300 kg of garbage annually. And a significant part of this waste is plastic containers, in common parlance, an ordinary plastic bottle, into which various drinks, sunflower oil, sauces and much more are poured. It would seem, what benefit can a used plastic bottle bring?
An entrepreneur who plans to start a business in the field of waste recycling understands very well that a PET bottle is an excellent raw material for the production of man-made fibers. From plastic waste at a waste recycling plant, a flex is obtained, from which you can make exactly the same plastic bottle or many other useful things - film, paving slabs, packing tape and even shingles.
The recycling of PET bottles has an important ecological background, because the decomposition period of plastic waste is almost 300 years! But, despite this important argument, the waste processing industry in Russia is developing at a very slow pace. On the other hand, this suggests that you have a great opportunity to occupy an empty niche and make good money on it.
The business of processing any recyclable material will always be relevant due to the fact that new raw materials for processing appear literally every minute. In any case, you will have to do something with him: either dispose of plastic bottles, or give them a "second life" and make money on it. Under natural conditions, plastic waste will decompose for hundreds of years, so recycling is not only a profitable business, but also an improvement in the environmental situation on the planet. The idea of such a business appeared simultaneously with the development of mass production of plastic and can bring good profits. In Russia, the business of processing plastic bottles has more prospects than in European countries, since such an activity is relatively new in our country and competition is minimal here. In addition, in Russian conditions there will never be a shortage of raw materials for processing, and with the correct organization of the process with relatively small investments, you can get significant income.
Products of the production of plastic processing - flex - small-volume granules. The project's income will depend on competent work with enterprises that use flex as a material for their own production. At the initial stage, a logical decision would be to interest the purchasing department of such enterprises with dumping measures: despite an increase in the payback period due to a decrease in revenue from the sale of flex, such measures will make it possible to establish long-term partnerships and establish stable sales of the products of the pet bottle processing plant.
Flex is a popular material. It is used in the production of disposable plastic tableware, containers, plastic tape and film, and other plastic products. With a competent sales policy and correct pricing, the products of the plastic waste processing line will be in demand, so there should be no problems with sales.
Often our entrepreneurs believe that equipment for processing plastic bottles is expensive and, therefore, the costs will not pay off for a long time. With our calculations, we will try to dispel these thoughts, calculate the costs and payback of this difficult business.
How to find the necessary premises for organizing a business?
The best location next to landfills, premises in some abandoned factory, warehouse. This location will significantly save transportation costs. Some hangars on the outskirts of the city will also do. The most important thing is that communications should be connected to these buildings: electricity, water.
Now everyone has begun to deal with environmental issues, and therefore, before starting to look for premises, ask the city administrations about the development of an environmental program in the region. They may not help with the premises, but a grant for organizing a business can be obtained.
For our calculations, we assume that we have a lease of 120 sq. meters, the rental price is 400 rubles / m2. It is good if there is a free land plot next to the warehouse we rent, it can also be used for storing pressed bottles.
What equipment do you need to purchase to start a plastic bottle recycling business?
On the purchase of equipment, if you decide to do this business seriously, it is better not to save money. The process of recycling bottles itself is as follows. Raw materials - used PET bottle is collected and sorted into unpainted and dyed (by color) grades. It is most profitable to buy transparent plastic bottles for recycling. In second place is multi-colored food grade plastic, and the cheapest is brown plastic due to the fact that its scope is very limited. So, accepting bottles, we process each color separately in the future. Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) bottles are rejected as they are recycled separately. Foreign objects such as rubber, glass, paper, metal, and other types of plastics are removed manually.
The processing line consists of several units connected together by belt conveyors. First, the raw material goes into a special rotary machine, where labels and lids are separated. Then the bottles are fed into a crusher - an apparatus with several knives, the plastic is shredded. Then all this mass of finely chopped plastic is transported by means of a special screw conveyor designed to move amorphous products (equipped with an Archimedean screw) into a steam boiler, where, under the action of hot water, foreign elements remaining after processing in the machine for separating labels and caps are removed. After the boiler, the cleaned plastic is placed into a washing polishing machine, and then into a rinsing machine, then into a water separator and air drying. After drying, the ready-made flex is accumulated in a special hopper.
For our production, it was decided to purchase a production line made in China, which will include: a feeding conveyor, a crusher (with water supply), auger, a barrel with a steam generator, auger, a friction washer, two flotation tanks, a centrifuge, pneumatic dryer, air separator, storage hopper. We also plan to purchase a grinding machine for flat crusher knives right away. The crusher has a power of 30 kW. The total connection power of all equipment is 100 kW. The capacity of the crusher is about 500 kg per hour. The sink has a capacity of about 700 kg per hour. The cost of the purchased equipment is 3.5 million rubles. Two people are enough to service this line.
In the 21st century, the topic of ecology and waste recycling is becoming very relevant. After all, much that is thrown away by a person could find a second life, thereby causing less environmental damage to the environment, and bring a good economic effect. The recycling business plan presented here will show you how to start such a company from scratch. Our example will help you create your own business plan.
Business Plan Rationale
The business is planned to be organized in a large city (population - at least 1 million people). There are already two large waste management companies operating in the region. The market for the supply of these services is assessed as developing, and a study of information on the need for waste processing shows that there is a need for another organization of this kind. Among the main needs of potential customers:
- Convenient location in terms of logistics.
- Environmental Compliance.
- Working with various types of raw materials.
For stable work in the market, commercial offers are sent to management companies, homeowners' associations, as well as companies that transport solid waste and KGO. Also, information about their organization is posted on the Internet and city business directories.
Having decided on the target audience, we will consider the risks and possible pitfalls in our business plan:
- Searching for areas for our company in a place where our neighborhood will not interfere with the surrounding housing stock and violate the norms of SES.
- The reluctance of the companies transporting solid waste and KGO to switch from working with a waste disposal site to processing waste.
- Large investment required at start.
To solve the first possible problem, we will focus on finding unused production facilities away from the residential sector, but at the same time in a convenient place for our potential customers. Ideally, this is best done near a waste disposal site. To address the second potential risk, we will employ experienced development managers who will interact directly with organizations potentially interested in our services. Since MSW recycling is a profitable and efficient business, large capital investments return quickly enough, subsequently turning into income.
In our case, we plan to invest our own funds in opening a company.
This plastic recycling business plan is one of the most relevant documents for aspiring entrepreneurs. Today, this type of activity is in demand not only as a source of profit, but also as a way to solve the most important social problem - ridding our settlements of waste that can cause serious damage to the environment.
General concept of the project
Recycling of PET bottles and other plastic products became relevant immediately after the start of their mass production for household needs. Under natural conditions, plastic decomposes for a very long time, so sooner or later the question arises before society: what to do with waste from this material - to recycle or recycle it into raw materials that are in demand for various production purposes. As statistics show, the profitability of plastic processing enterprises is quite high. This is due to the insignificant costs of setting up enterprises, the simplicity of the processing technology and the almost inexhaustible sources of raw materials.
This business is much more promising in the Russian Federation than in European countries. This is eloquently indicated by the numbers: in Russia, only about 6% of plastic bottles and other types of packaging are recycled annually, while in Europe this figure is 80%. The recommended business plan for plastic recycling with calculations is a project for organizing a small plant, which will be in demand in almost any region of the country, especially in small towns and near places of mass recreation.
More than 3 billion tons of waste from various materials are generated worldwide every year. Of this amount, at least 11-12% are plastics. Most of all plastic waste is "supplied" by the United States - about 77 kg per person. In our country, this figure is 25 kg. Mostly polyethylene and polypropylene are recycled. Waste of the combined type is practically not processed. Recyclable materials, which are obtained from plastic waste, are sent to enterprises engaged in the production of various structures, composite building materials, packaging products, etc. An important advantage of modern recycling technologies is that during the recycling process, many of the original properties of plastic materials are lost and the scope of their reuse is narrowed, thereby reducing the re-generation of waste.
In Russia, the annual volume of waste from plastic is estimated at about 40 million tons, of which only 35% are suitable for recycling. As noted above, only 6% of this amount is sent for processing. The rest is transported to numerous landfills, which grow in size from year to year.
The main obstacle to organizing a civilized approach to plastic recycling in our country is the lack of a separate collection system. Only such activity can become the main one for deep processing, because sorting of mixed waste makes it possible to extract from them only 10-15% of recyclable raw materials.
Despite all the difficulties, the plastic waste processing industry is developing in Russia. The number of factories for the production of flex from used plastic is gradually increasing in the country, their profitability is growing, the cost of primary raw materials is increasing, which, in turn, leads to an increase in the use of recyclable materials.
It is gratifying that new laws are being adopted at the state level and attractive economic conditions are being developed for market participants. At this time, the main players on it are:
- 11 thousand landfills and landfills.
- 4 incinerators (all located in the metropolitan area).
- 5 waste recycling plants.
- 39 sorting bases.
- Over 1 thousand transport organizations involved in waste disposal.
The peculiarity of the domestic plastic processing market is its predominantly local character, which leads to a constant increase in the area occupied by landfills. According to the FAS Russia, the market is characterized by an extremely low level of competition, especially in the regional context. An example of this is city statistics, which depend on population size. In particular, 45% of cities with more than 100 thousand inhabitants are served by one waste collection company. Significantly more organizations are involved in recycling.
In general, according to Research. echart, the domestic recycling market is estimated at $ 1.5-2 billion. There are quite a few "clean" processors on it, most of the enterprises prefer to manufacture products from flex.
The plastic recycling business can not only bring high income, but also have a positive effect on the environment. Due to the fact that in our country there is no culture of waste sorting, a large amount of non-decomposable waste ends up in city dumps. In the process of burning them, many harmful substances are released into the atmosphere.
Recycling plastics cleans landfills from one of the most common types of non-degradable waste. With the proper organization of such a business, it is possible to obtain a stable income. This requires market research, the search for reliable suppliers and points of sale for the final products, as well as a thorough study of the business plan.
We purchase equipment
If you want to get serious income from such a business, then you should not save on equipment. First of all, let's take a look at the plastic recycling process:
- The raw material of this production is a PET bottle, which is collected and sorted in the workshop. In the course of such work, the raw materials are divided into painted and unpainted classes. Clear bottles are the best option for downstream processing. After them comes multi-colored food grade plastic. In last place is brown plastic, which has a limited scope. Processing of PVC products is carried out separately.
- Sorted raw materials are delivered to the processing line. The first step in this process is the separation of the caps and labels using a rotary machine.
- Then the plastic is sent to the crusher, where it is crushed.
- By means of a screw conveyor, the crushed raw material is fed into the steam boiler. Here, when exposed to hot water, the plastic is finally cleaned.
- The next step is the washing polishing machine.
- After that, the plastic goes into the rinsing unit and dryer.
- When dry, the ready-made flex goes into a special hopper.
Thus, the following equipment will be required to run this business successfully:
- Crusher with water supply, about 30 kW. Such a unit is capable of processing up to 0.5 tons of raw materials per hour.
- Washing with a productivity up to 700 kg per hour.
- Feed conveyor.
- A barrel with a steam generator.
- Flotation baths and friction washing.
- Air separator and air dryer.
To ensure smooth operation of the crusher, you need to buy a sharpening machine. A minimum of two employees are required to service such a production line. The cost of Chinese-made equipment will be about 3.5 million rubles.
How to calculate the return on business
An accurate calculation of the ROI of a plastic recycling business must be based on a number of factors. Therefore, two enterprises with the same production capacity can generate different income. A business plan for the recycling of plastic bottles should take into account the specifics of the market in a particular region.
Business profitability largely depends on the cost of raw materials. For example, if you plan to open a plastic processing plant in a city with a population of over 100 thousand people, the estimated cost of plastic will be about 2 rubles per kilogram. Competent organization of the work of plastic receiving points allows you to receive a large amount of raw materials at a relatively low cost
If you are planning to start a business in the countryside, getting cheap plastic can be very difficult. The problem will be solved if a solid waste landfill is located near your plant.
Now let's talk about the cost of the final product. The average cost of a kilogram of flex is over 30 rubles. Thus, a recycled bottle will cost 15 times its original cost. Such figures may indicate the super-profitability of this business, however, in addition to income, the following expenses should also be taken into account: