Payback of solar panels, calculation and terms of profitability, feasibility of installation

Business plans> Projects by industry> Business plans for production

Call now. Our number for Moscow: + 7-499-653-65-16Free call from anywhere in Russia: 8-800-333-47-29

The business plan of the power plant based on solar generation was prepared by us in the framework of Decree No. 449 of the Government of the Russian Federation dated May 23, 2021. This decree regulates the mechanism for selling the capacity of generating facilities using renewable energy sources (RES). The rules for determining the price of generating facilities capacity adopted in this Resolution provide investors with guarantees of income flow, allowing them to reduce commercial risks to 0.

Regulatory framework for the development of RES-based power generation

The basic regulatory act for the development of RES in the Russian Federation is Federal Law No. 35-FZ of March 26, 2021 "On the Electricity Industry"; To be eligible for support, generating equipment must be qualified in accordance with the procedure defined in the Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation No. 426 of June 3, 2021 "On the qualification of a generating facility operating on the basis of the use of renewable energy sources"; The procedure for determining the sale price of electricity is determined by the Government Decree No. 449 of 23. 5. 013;

The legal framework governing the renewable energy market can also be attributed to the "Forecast of long-term socio-economic development of the Russian Federation for the period up to 2030" approved by the Ministry of Economic Development of Russia.

It should be taken into account in the business plan that the wholesale electricity market consists of the “Power supply” and “Electricity market” services. Government Stop No. 449 contains an algorithm for calculating the capacity payment, which provides for compensation for the capital expenditures made by the investor during the approved investment period, as well as the return on invested capital is slightly higher than the average market return on financial instruments in the Russian Federation.

Features of RES business plans

A feature of the RES-based power generation business plan is the complete regulation of all its components by the standards: direct and total costs of a power plant, prices and sales volumes, volume and duration of investments. In this regard, for such projects, we apply a discount rate (calculated using the cumulative method) at the level of 8% per annum, since some of the risks are taken into account in the price formula for the capacity of renewable energy facilities. This approach, on the one hand, reduces the investor's risks, and on the other hand, it forces market participants to seriously address issues of cost reduction. So, if the decree provides for the total costs of a solar power plant with a capacity of 5 MW in the amount of 850,000 rubles per month + inflation, then kill yourself - the power plant's business plan must use this value, otherwise the generating facility will "generate" losses, no one will allow the price to be raised. As the return on invested capital progresses, the capacity charge will decrease from year to year. The payment for the generated electricity will in turn increase. The ratio of revenues envisaged by the RES business plan will change (see graphs).

Income from solar power plant sales

Revenue structure of a solar power plant

Renewable energy business efficiency

Another feature of the business plans for electricity generation based on renewable energy sources is that a positive NPV can be achieved only when using the project initiator's own funds. financing renewable energy projects using credit funds at a commercial rate (at the time of drawing up a business plan 12-14% per annum) makes NPV negative even taking into account the application of the above discount rate. The sensitivity analysis of the project, carried out during the development of the solar power plant business plan, showed that NPV becomes positive when the loan rate is 7.5% per annum. However, in our opinion, the use of credit funds allows us not to pay attention to the NPV of renewable energy projects. Since an investor does not invest his own money, then only three indicators are significant for him: the net profit that he will receive, the NCF of the project (net income stream) and the debt service ratio DSCR, which shows the degree of coverage of credit debt by income. In the reviewed power plant business plan, the NCF size was 318 million rubles, the net profit was 316 million, and the DSCR ratio consistently exceeded the “ideal level” throughout the project.

Business for schoolchildren

The electric power industry always ranks first among the leading industries. The demand and the price of electricity will always rise. There are more and more devices, devices and vehicles operating exclusively on electricity. France has already adopted a plan to completely abandon internal combustion vehicles by 2040. Germany plans to implement this plan by 2030. Thanks to modern technologies, it is now quite affordable to purchase a solar power plant and organize your own electricity production.

Energy from solar panels can be used to generate electricity, heat objects of any area, organize ventilation or water heating systems. A business idea to produce batteries and sell solar energy will quickly generate income.

Ideas for Profiting from a Solar Power Plant

The business idea of ​​generating electricity from your solar mini-power plant is attractive from whatever side you look at. On the calculators of the green tariff, after calculations, it turns out that all equipment can be recouped not earlier than in 5 years. But after all, during these 5 years you will still use and pay for electricity. In addition, in five years the price of electricity will rise all over the world and even more so in our country. So the actual payback period for the equipment will be much shorter than 5 years. Moreover, the green tariff is the least profitable source of income from the sale of electricity. Below we offer you to consider all possible options for finding various ways of implementation and new markets.

Business ideas for the production and sale of solar power:

    Sale of electricity to the state at a green rate. Enterprises and even individuals have the opportunity to sell electricity generated from renewable energy sources (sun, wind, biomass, as well as water - mini hydroelectric power plants) at a special rate.

    Production of products using equipment that consumes a lot of electricity. Rely on the state, but don't do it yourself. The green tariff is certainly good, but it is difficult to predict the prospects. Since our state does not inspire much confidence, it is worth considering alternative sales markets to make your business more independent. A solar power plant in production can significantly reduce the cost of production, which leads to a significant increase in net profit during its sale.

    Table of industrial business ideas that require a lot of electricity to produce products:

    Electricity sales to enterprises. You can compete with the government in providing electricity for small industrialists and small private enterprises. For example, provide a garage, warehouse, hangar for free rent, only on the condition that the tenant will consume at least 8000 kW per month. This offer is more than attractive for the manufacturer. Agree, the tenant doesn't care who pays for these 8000 kW of electricity - the state or you.

    Sale of electricity together with the provision of paid services. For example, solar panels are increasingly being used to heat water and heat the premises in paid pools. Such voluminous heating requires a lot of electricity, for which visitors to the pool will pay.

    Own gas station for electric vehicles. For the construction of electric car filling stations, unnecessarily large financial investments. Even one column with an outlet and a counter is enough. This project has a small investment threshold. There are still few electric vehicles on the roads, but every year there are more of them. It is necessary to choose a good sleeping place earlier in order to get regular customers. Moreover, for this business, there are even mobile solar power plants that can change their position.

    As you can see, you can do business at a solar power plant with more than one green tariff. Although, on the other hand, despite the fact that our state exports electricity to European countries, for many cities the lights are turned off in winter. And the internal indicators of electricity consumption are growing every year. Therefore, the issue of the relevance of the "green tariff" will still be open for a long time to recoup the investment.

    Business for schoolchildren: features and rules for implementing projects, ideas for making money on the Internet, current ways and methods of making a profit.

    Known and affordable alternative (renewable) energy sources have been familiar to us for a long time. These are wind, water and solar energy.

    The energy of wind and water has helped humanity since ancient times - they turned mills, inflated bellows, forced large ships to move under sail. And if the energy of these environments is used only locally, where it is found in the required quantities, then the sun is available to us almost everywhere. And new inexpensive but highly efficient technologies for collecting and converting solar radiation into electricity or heat are making solar energy available to the general population.

    Currently, the transition to the use of solar panels has become a demanded service, both for individuals and large organizations. In many countries where the sun shines all year round, solar energy has become an integral part of the everyday life of consumers. There are entire cities with full-fledged energy based on sunlight. Also, in many countries, this procedure is stimulated by the state. In Spain, since 2021, all new homes are equipped with solar panels for heating water. This approach provides up to 70% of the hot water demand. And new non-residential buildings must have solar equipment to generate electricity from solar radiation. In Germany, all active users of solar panels receive subsidies from the state.

    In Russia there is a definition of renewable energy sources (RES) in Art. 3 35-FZ "On the electric power industry". But, in fact, the private use of RES is not regulated in any way. Although the state is concerned about this problem. So for April 2021, the Ministry of Energy of the Russian Federation is preparing a proposal to support private micro-generation of energy. If the proposal is accepted, the use of renewable energy sources in private households will receive state support and the necessary subsidies, for example, in the form of preferential taxation and legal registration of similar installations for alternative energy.

    The popularity of solar microgeneration is due not only to the availability of solar radiation, but also other indisputable advantages:

    • Solar energy is the cleanest and safest energy,
    • Modern equipment is available for domestic use, can be easily installed in existing engineering networks,
    • Equipment has a simple device, but at the same time is almost completely automated, in comparison with equipment operating on other energy sources,
    • The service life of such equipment has one of the maximum life cycles, while it does not require regular expensive maintenance,
    • The cost of the starter kit lies in the region of 28-65 thousand rubles. That is comparable to the cost of the usual large household appliances,
    • The equipment can be easily placed in any architectural solution of the building without "prejudice" to the technical properties of the building. There are also original solutions that allow you to equip a solar station with various equipment - from buses to small vessels, for example, yachts, boats, motor ships.

    Also, the key advantage that can be highlighted for Russia is the ability of modern equipment to work quite effectively with sunlight even in the middle lane. That is, this is the most important characteristic that makes the equipment useful for the majority of the inhabitants of Russia, and not only for those living in the southern regions of the country.

    Solar energy itself "hints" us at two main types that we can get - heat and electricity. In view of what kind of energy you are going to get from the Sun, the equipment used also differs.

    Attention! A minute of tediousness from hobiz. u. Various sources for business ideas and startups describe solutions, terms and concepts that can be confusing to you. For example, one site suggests using a solar collector to generate electricity. And spend the received electricity on water heating. And they call such a scheme - a solar installation for hot water supply. However, in terms of functionality, that site describes a highly inefficient way to use solar energy, especially if you collect radiation and generate electricity using a collector. And below on the hobiz article. u will explain why.

    To obtain electricity from sunlight, classical solar panels (electric solar plants) are used with photovoltaic cells, which convert solar energy into direct current.

    Since solar activity is unstable in time of day, and direct current is unsuitable for most public power grids, a mini solar power plant is equipped with a battery pack (charge controller + batteries) and a DC-to-AC converter (inverter ). During solar activity, electricity is produced in excess by solar panels. And this extra energy is stored in the batteries. And in the evening and at night, when the very peak of consumption occurs, the accumulated charge from the batteries is consumed by consumers connected to the solar power supply.

    What business is relevant now and what is in demand

    The electric power industry always ranks first among the leading industries. The demand and the price of electricity will always rise. There are more and more devices, devices and vehicles operating exclusively on electricity. France has already adopted a plan to completely abandon internal combustion vehicles by 2040. Germany plans to implement this plan by 2030. Thanks to modern technologies, it is now quite affordable to purchase a solar power plant and organize your own electricity production.

    Energy from solar panels can be used to generate electricity, heat objects of any area, organize ventilation or water heating systems. A business idea to produce batteries and sell solar energy will quickly generate income.

    Ideas for Profiting from a Solar Power Plant

    The business idea of ​​generating electricity from your solar mini-power plant is attractive from whatever side you look at. On the calculators of the green tariff, after calculations, it turns out that all equipment can be recouped not earlier than in 5 years. But after all, during these 5 years you will still use and pay for electricity. In addition, in five years the price of electricity will rise all over the world and even more so in our country. So the actual payback period for the equipment will be much shorter than 5 years. Moreover, the green tariff is the least profitable source of income from the sale of electricity. Below we offer you to consider all possible options for finding various ways of implementation and new markets.

    Business ideas for the production and sale of solar power:

      Sale of electricity to the state at a green rate. Enterprises and even individuals have the opportunity to sell electricity generated from renewable energy sources (sun, wind, biomass, as well as water - mini hydroelectric power plants) at a special rate.

      Production of products using equipment that consumes a lot of electricity. Rely on the state, but don't do it yourself. The green tariff is certainly good, but it is difficult to predict the prospects. Since our state does not inspire much confidence, it is worth considering alternative sales markets to make your business more independent. A solar power plant in production can significantly reduce the cost of production, which leads to a significant increase in net profit during its sale.

      Table of industrial business ideas that require a lot of electricity to produce products:

      Sale of electricity together with the provision of paid services. For example, solar panels are increasingly being used to heat water and heat the premises in paid pools. Such voluminous heating requires a lot of electricity, for which visitors to the pool will pay.

      Own gas station for electric vehicles. For the construction of electric car filling stations, unnecessarily large financial investments. Even one column with an outlet and a counter is enough. This project has a small investment threshold. There are still few electric vehicles on the roads, but every year there are more of them. It is necessary to choose a good sleeping place earlier in order to get regular customers. Moreover, for this business, there are even mobile solar power plants that can change their position.

      What business is relevant now and what is in demand. The most profitable business ideas with minimal investment. What to do to make money in a crisis What business is relevant now and

      In the article we will try to figure out what is the payback period for solar power plants installed in a private house, cottage, private house. It should be noted that the calculation or examples should be considered in different configurations:

      Purpose of installing solar panels and using solar power plants:

      For example, let's take a budget solar power plant, it includes:

      • 4 solar panels 300W.
      • 2.4kW inverter.
      • 2 batteries with a capacity of 200A. ... each
      • Accessories (fasteners, cables, automata, connectors)

      The cost of such a set will be about 120 thousand rubles.

      This kit generates 1200W. electricity per hour, t. on a summer day, the output will be up to 10 kW (average value 6-8 hours of maximum power, and up to 4 hours 50-30%). The inverter allows you to connect a rated load up to 2400W. and for a short time 4800W. (no more than 3 seconds for high starting currents of pumps, compressors and other equipment with a sharp power jump at startup). This is enough to power a home of about 100m2.

      Batteries store about 4 kWh of energy. Part of it is consumed when there is a lack of power from solar panels, when the connected load exceeds the output of solar panels. The disadvantage is taken from the batteries. And also at night, given that at night the energy consumption is minimal, and this reserve may well be enough for the whole night.

      Payback period for solar panels:

      Green tariff for individuals using renewable energy sources (RES):

      At the moment, in the Duma, in the first reading, the law on the green tariff was adopted, with its final approval it will be possible to give excess energy to the network, while receiving money for it. Payment will be made for each kW supplied to the network. The maximum power of the "micro-generation facility" is 15 kW, i. you can sell electricity for 50-60 rubles hourly. (400-500 rubles / day) (tariffs for micro-generating facilities are still being approved) Also, a plus of this method is the ability to use grid inverters that can operate without batteries, which will make the system 30% cheaper than existing prices. Since batteries are consumables in solar power plants, their service life is 5-7 years. But this is already a topic for another article, in the future we will describe the principle of operation of network power plants, all the nuances, pros and cons.

      It should be concluded that the use of solar panels is already a profitable investment of money and a guarantee of energy independence and security.

      You can select kits of various capacities and price categories, especially since most of them can be increased during operation. Start small and gradually add panels to the system.

We use cookies
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. By using the website you agree to our use of cookies.
Allow cookies