Business plan; Renovation of apartments; with detailed calculations
A business plan for aspiring entrepreneurs is one of the most important activities for starting your own business.
A correct business plan is not only a guarantee of the success of its owner, but also a guarantee of the development of a new project that will bring income and stability.
The article is devoted to the creation of a business plan for the renovation of apartments, in it all the key stages of writing are analyzed in detail and an example of such a project is given.
In this part of the project, the goal is given, the tasks of the enterprise for its opening are set. The very essence of the services offered to the population is stated, namely, the repair and decoration of residential and non-residential premises on a turnkey basis, the features of the new business and its difference from competitors.
Calculations are also given here:
economic efficiency of project opening;
calculation of profitability and more.
This is necessary when presenting your activities to sponsors and various business partners.
Competition analysis in the field of apartment renovation
Redecoration is one of the most common activities of many entrepreneurs. There are many competitors in this area, both registered and shadow repair crews. Therefore, you should carefully and responsibly approach this issue.
The entire construction business is now divided into three main categories:
What is the BTI plan? The BTI floor plan is a drawing of an apartment or non-residential premises, made according to measurements by a technician from the Bureau of Technical Inventory. He notes the configuration of partitions, doors, windows, some dimensions, as well as the location of plumbing fixtures.
We will consider this definition in more detail in paragraph 1 of this article. In this article, we will also consider in detail all the nuances related to the floor plan and explication for an apartment or non-residential premises. We will give examples of these documents, we will answer the questions "How to get a BTI plan for an apartment or non-residential premises?" and "Where can I get a floor plan and BTI explication?"
Content of the article
When a building is put into operation, it is obligatory to carry out its inventory, that is, measurements. Several organizations have the right to perform them, however, basically, this is done either by the Bureau of Technical Inventory or Rostekhinventarizatsiya. As a result of measurements, an inventory plan is performed - a drawing of the premises. Thus, the size and area of the erected real estate object are legally fixed.
In other words, the floor plan of the BTI of an apartment or non-residential premises is a drawing of the premises, made according to measurements by the specialists of the Bureau of Technical Inventory. It is also often referred to as the BTI plan for short. In practice, the BTI plan is called any inventory plan, even if the measurements themselves were carried out by another organization, because the overwhelming majority of objects were still inventoried by the BTI (Bureau of Technical Inventory). the floor plan of an apartment or non-residential building is always accompanied by an explication.
Legend - what is this document?
Legend is a list of all premises of the facility, indicating their areas. The purpose of the premises is also indicated - main or auxiliary.
It should also be noted that the real area of the loggias in the explication is multiplied by a reduction factor of 0.5, and the area of balconies by 0.3.
Note that in order to legalize the redevelopment of an apartment, a technical passport of the apartment is required, and not just a floor plan and explication, which are included in its composition. When agreeing on the reorganization of non-residential premises, the BTI plan and explication together with an extract from the technical passport for the building and a certificate of the state of the premises are sufficient.
What is the BTI plan?
The BTI technical plan is a document containing a construction scheme and a description of its main parameters. Information is entered into it after taking measurements of the property and counting all the premises that make up it.
BTI plans (technical plan) are required for registering real estate in Rosreestr and legalizing redevelopment. The documents reflect the actual state of the premises.
The BTI plan is a part of the technical passport of the property. It consists of a schematic representation of the building and an explication of the rooms.
- General layout of the property;
- Load-bearing partitions;
- Door and window openings;
- Built-in wardrobes, storerooms ;
- Ceiling height;
- The area of each room of the considered object;
- Ventilation system;
- Balconies, loggias;
- Engineering communications.
BTI (Bureau of Technical Inventory) is a state body that keeps records of real estate put into operation.
When do you need a BTI plan?
The owner of any real estate object (house, apartment, building, structure) requires a BTI plan in such situations:
- Conducting legal transactions with real estate (purchase, sale, exchange);
- Registration of an object and property rights in Rosreestr;
- Registration mortgage agreement;
- Legalization of redevelopment and major repairs;
- Privatization of living space.
You can order a BTI plan not only in a state organization, but also in a geodetic company “Geomer Group”. Cadastral engineers prepare technical documentation of real estate on a turnkey basis. This means that the client receives a ready-made service without wasting his time visiting authorities and collecting numerous certificates.
Starting a business in the printing industry is affordable with minimal capital: entry barriers are low. The main requirements for an entrepreneur: a general understanding of the field and the presence of a business plan of the printing house thought out to the smallest nuances. The growing number of participants in the printing market confirms the prospects and profitability of such a business.
Step-by-step instructions for opening a printing house
The main types of services provided by the printing industry:
- Printing of magazines, newspapers, books.
- Issue booklets. The booklet is a single sheet, on which the text with illustrations is applied, folded several times.
- Brochure production. A brochure is a product of more than four pages and contains certain textual and graphic information. The pages are fastened together with glue, paper clips, springs.
- Print leaflets. A leaflet is usually one sheet of A5 or A4 format, containing information on both sides or only one.
- Create folders. A folder is a product made of either cardboard or polymer, designed to store a small amount of paper. The necessary information is applied to the folder (for example, the customer's company logo, advertising text, pictures, etc.).
- Release labels. The labels are usually made on special paper and are intended to be further glued to a specific object. In the classic version, it contains information about a specific product.
- Making calendars. For example, specialists of a printing house can develop a calendar for a specific company, containing its brand name, logo, etc.
- Business card production. A business card is a small sheet of thick paper / cardboard that contains a summary of the person / organization and contact information.
- Print on sheets of A1 and A2.
- Role-based printing.
Advertising production is the least labor-intensive and most profitable business for a printing house.
Additional earning options:
- binding ;
- scanning ;
- lamination ;
- corporate logo design development;
- development of invitations, greeting cards, etc.;
- production of business printing (for example, envelopes, notebooks, letterheads, receipts, bulletins, etc.);
- printing methodological and educational materials ;
- making color-separated photo forms;
- embossing on paper;
- printing on T-shirts, mugs;
- making souvenirs;
- proofing layouts, etc.
In mini-printers, the following distribution of the range of products is usually observed:
- booklets, leaflets, brochures, labels - about 60 percent of the total turnover;
- copying documents of different formats - 25 percent;
- binding of documents (for example, diplomas, term papers, reports, etc.) - 5 percent;
- lamination - 5 percent;
- other goods - 5 percent.
Printed materials can be replicated in small batches using copiers, or in large quantities using a risograph. The ability to release goods in a small volume will interest numerous small entrepreneurs when ordering promotional products.
The article explains what the BTI plan is and why it is needed for redevelopment.
The Bureau of Technical Inventory is a state-owned enterprise that measures real estate objects. As a result of measurements, a drawing of the premises is made, transferred to the technical passport of the property.
In addition to the technical passport, BTI documents containing inventory information about the premises may also be a floor plan with an explication to it.
Contents of the BTI plan and explication
The plan in the technical documentation of the BTI allows you to immediately get an idea of the real estate object - it displays a top view of the premises. If the boundaries between the rooms are built, then on the plan they are indicated by solid lines.
An example of a BTI apartment plan
The conditional boundaries between the rooms are indicated by a dashed line, and the walls planned for erection using tracing (laying in blocks on the floor) are indicated using a double dashed line.
The conditional boundaries of the premises allow you to determine the area and purpose of each of them and to avoid violations during repairs - for example, to make a bathroom over the neighbors' kitchen.
With the help of special symbols on the plan, the type, location of the equipment of the apartment is indicated, if it was provided at the time of delivery of the house. Most often it is:
- Kitchen sinks.
- Cooker with type designation (electric or gas).
- Toilet bowls and bidets.
- Bath and shower trays.
- Built-in wardrobes, garbage chutes.
- Door and window openings.
- Stairs and ramps.
In addition, common building communications located within the apartment (non-residential premises), such as ventilation ducts and plumbing boxes, are also indicated on the plan.
An example of symbols on the BTI plan