Business plan for the development of an enterprise for the provision of power supply services using mobile modular substations
Not a single type of modern activity can do without electricity. Electrical wiring is needed in residential buildings, in shopping and entertainment centers, wherever a modern person appears. Electrical installation brings substantial income to electricians and business organizers. A detailed business plan of an electrical installation company with calculations and estimates is presented below. An example is suitable for organizing work in a large regional center.
Focus: the company is engaged in electrical installation.
Premises: small office and changing room for workers. The total area is 40 sq. m. Form of ownership - lease.
Daily execution of from 1 to 5 orders (the number depends on the complexity and scope of the technical project).
Monday - Friday: 8: 00-19: 00.
Saturday, Sunday: closed.
In the presence of urgent orders, employees go to work on weekends in shifts (overtime are paid).
- Home electric wizard.
- Electrician service.
- Maintenance and repair of household electrical wiring.
- Industrial electrical installation.
- Maintenance and repair of the crane block.
- Installation of a frequency converter of electric current.
- Installation and replacement of the electricity meter.
- Installation and replacement of electrical wiring.
- Laying and routing of cables in rooms and building facades.
- Laying and fastening the cable gland.
- Installing an electrical panel.
- Wiring and electrical connections from the pole to the house.
- Installation of sockets and switches.
- Installation of lighting devices.
- Installation of the ground loop.
- Electric heating wiring.
The company can offer additional services (if it has its own design department):
- Development and calculation of a technical plan.
- Drawing up estimates for the electrical installation of the premises.
- Documentation design.
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The break-even point is of great importance for the lender, as he is interested in the question of the viability of the company and its ability to pay interest on the loan and the principal amount. So, the degree of excess of sales volumes over the break-even point determines the stability margin (safety margin) of the enterprise.
Рн - sales volume in kind.
Zpost - fixed costs.
ЗСпп - average variable costs (per unit of production).
TBD - break-even point in monetary terms.
Tbn is the break-even point in kind.
Break-even point formula in monetary terms:
The formula for the break-even point in physical terms (in pieces of products or goods):
Having considered the goals and essence of business planning, as well as various aspects of the practice of drawing up business plans, we can conclude that a business plan is an integral part of internal planning, one of the most important documents developed at the enterprise. The main purpose of a business plan is to attract investment. The development of business plans should be carried out on an ongoing basis. 
It should be borne in mind that business plans quickly become outdated, as the market situation changes dynamically. In this regard, working versions must be constantly updated. In principle, the company should have options for business plans designed for different addressees depending on the goals, for example, for a bank, for a co-investor, for joint activities, etc.
. for university students of electrical engineering specialties and engineers
Business plan and planning
General principles of business planning Planning system
The effectiveness of a company largely depends on how optimally directive management methods are combined in the organization of its management with the freedom of operating activities of performers. For effective management of complex objects, a unified system of goal setting, planning and reporting should be created, which ensures the distribution of targets and common tools for achieving them to companies of all levels. This system is a set of standards for setting and decomposing goals and business planning, built on the same principles, adapted to the conditions of the functioning of companies with a different profile of activity. The executive body (or the parent company in the case of a holding structure) approves standard standards and regulations, organizes on their basis the development and adoption of adequate regulatory documents in subordinate branches or companies. These documents must ensure the transmission of the ideology, methodology, goal-setting of the corporate center to the subordinate divisions in compliance with the corporate rules and procedures established by law; take into account the specifics of the activities of specialized companies and provide sufficient freedom to performers to choose the best ways to accomplish the assigned tasks. Thus, a hierarchical complex of consistent rules for the functioning of individual parts of the corporation is formed, i.e. a kind of unified metalanguage that provides a unified understanding of the principles of setting corporate goals and how to achieve them at all levels of management.
Planning is the starting point of all management. In any operating organization, especially a commercial one, a large number of various plans are drawn up, which can be classified according to several criteria.
First, there are long-term (as a rule, these are strategic plans and investment plans), medium-term (tactical, usually having an annual planning horizon) and operational, or operational, plans (which can have a planning horizon of a day or even an hour - for example, a bank payment plan or a station load plan).
Secondly, plans can be identified in various functional areas: marketing, sales, production, personnel management, purchasing, costs, finance, investments, etc.
Thirdly, we can distinguish quantitative plans ("budgets", and they can be not only financial, but also natural) and action plans. Quantitative plans determine the volume of available production, natural and financial resources and their distribution by directions (for example, the total volume of fuel supply to TGC, its distribution among TGC stations and use for the production of heat and electricity). Action plans formalize a set of actions aimed at achieving specific goals (for example, in the practice of energy companies of the RAO UES of Russia holding, a plan for achieving KPIs, a cost management plan, a debt normalization plan, etc. are used).
Any budget is a quantitative expression of a plan (plans) of action (management decisions), even if the latter were not formalized in the form of separate documents (which is quite normal for most standard solutions in conditions of stable functioning). For example, the section of labor costs in the budget of expenditures is a consequence of decisions made on the organizational structure and staffing levels, salary values and the bonus system. If in relation to the previous year the organizational structure and the bonus system do not change, the size of the wage fund included in the expenditure budget will be the result of the decision to index (non-index) salaries, taking into account inflation.
The objective of a business plan is to bring together all action plans described in the form of quantitative budgets (both natural and financial and economic), which should ensure the consistency of action plans to achieve the company's goals in various areas and balancing the available resources with the desired results. As a rule, a business plan for a firm's activities is drawn up for a year.
The business plan of an energy company is a planning and reporting document that describes all significant aspects of its activities for the planned period and ensures that the KPIs set for the company are met.
Business plan must:
FOREWORD Chapter One THE CURRENT STATE OF POWER INDUSTRY 1. ... The electric power industry is the basic branch of the Russian economy1. ... The structure of the unified energy system of Russia 1. ... Reforming the electric power industry Electric power industry before its corporatization and privatization. power industry in Russia after 1991, the steps of reforming the power industry. Establishment of generating companies and reforming joint-stock companies for energy and electrification Creation of a federal grid company and a unified dispatch management system 1. ... Electricity and capacity market system Retail electricity market (REM). Development of the electricity market. Power Market in Russia 1. ... Energy service markets Types of energy service activities. repair service. new system of planning and carrying out repairs. ... ... Problems of Modern Electricity Chapter Two STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT IN THE ELECTRIC POWER INDUSTRY 2. ... Essence and principles of planning 2. ... Strategic planning and strategic management 2. ... Organizational strategy planning The mission and goals of the organization. analysis of the external environment. analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of the organization. ... ... Choosing a strategy 2. ... Strategy implementation management LAN development of the organization. active plans. ... ... Features of long-term planning and development of the electric power industry overcoming uncertainty. systematic approach to forecasting. words of modern development. information support. steps for developing the prospects for the development of the electric power industry. private traders to develop prospects for the development of the electric power industry. ... ... Energy organization management structure focused on solving strategic problems 2. ... Business plan as the basis for strategic and crisis management 2. ... The main provisions of the strategy for the development of the electric power industry in Russia Chapter Three TECHNICAL POLICY FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE ELECTRIC POWER INDUSTRY IN RUSSIA 3. ... The main goals and objectives of the technical development of the electric power industry for the period up to 2030. ... Ensuring the reliability of the UES of Russia Operational dispatch control of the UES modes. electrical networks (main and distribution). planning and management of the UES of Russia regime. reliability of power supply to large cities and megalopolises. Technological support of market relations. ... ... Development of thermal power plants using fossil fuel 3. ... ... General directions of development of generating capacities of power plants 3. ... ... Technical policy in the field of thermal power engineering The main directions of technical policy in the construction and technical re-equipment of TPPs. construction and technical re-equipment of gas-oil thermal power plants. construction and technical re-equipment of coal-fired thermal power plants. Standard solutions for the main heat and power equipment. ... ... ... Small-scale power engineering of isolated areas and dedicated consumers 3. ... ... Fuel supply policy 3. ... ... Technical policy in the field of heat supply 3. ... Directions for the development of hydropower electrical equipment. Management and control systems. and technical structures. runny dams. Concrete dams and structures. ... ... Nuclear energy development directions Organization of a closed fuel cycle. implementation of technical policy. ... ... Development of non-traditional renewable energy sources Small hydropower. Bulk energyGeothermal energy and heat pumpsSolar energy. Biomass energy. ... ... Improvement of equipment and technologies for electrical equipment the main directions of improving electrical equipment. ... ... Technical policy in the field of ecology 3. ... Technical policy of the strategy for the development of the electric power industry of the Moscow region 3. ... ... Technical re-equipment 3. ... ... Brief description of the electric power industry of the Moscow region and the Center of the UES of Russia 3. ... ... Technical re-equipment and development of power plants Concentration of capacity at power plants in the Moscow region. ... ... ... Technical re-equipment and development of backbone and distribution electrical networks Distribution electrical networks of the Moscow energy system. stopping the task of the electric power industry of the Moscow region for the period up to 2030. Development of the energy system of the Moscow region. Chapter Four PURPOSE OF THE BUSINESS PLAN AND THE METHODS OF ITS DRAFTING 4. ... Purpose and structure of the business plan The structure of the business plan. ... ... Purpose and objectives of the business plan 4. ... The procedure for developing a business plan The method of drawing up sections of a business plan. ... ... Business plan mathematical model 4. ... Recommendations for drawing up a business plan 4. ... Analysis of methods for drawing up a business plan 1. Appointment of a business plan. ... The structure of a business plan for attracting borrowed funds. ... Financial plan. ... ... Expertise of an innovative project 4. ... Business Plan Development Software Chapter Five DEVELOPMENT OF A BUSINESS PLAN OF AN INNOVATIVE PROJECT 5. ... Classification and features of business projects 5. ... ... What is a project 5. ... ... Project types 5. ... ... Research project and its content 5. ... ... Project life cycle Development of the project concept. assessing the viability of the project. project planning. development of technical requirements. Selection and registration of a land plot. sketch design. open phase. ... ... Development of a business plan for an innovative project. Introductory part (summary) 5. ... Definition of an innovative project 5. ... Industry and enterprise Characteristics of the industry. basic information about the company. The main activities of the enterprise Macroeconomic factors affecting the activities of the enterprise The main indicators of the current state of the enterprise. ... ... Characteristics of goods and services Needs satisfied by the product. Economic indicators writing a new product. export providers and opportunities. ... ... Analysis of the sales market for goods and services. Research and segmentation of consumers. distribution of the capacity of the consumer market. motivation of consumers. the position of the enterprise in the market. main market indicators and sales volumes. ... ... Competition Research of competitors. price of the competitiveness of products. an equal assessment of the efficiency of competitors and the enterprise. ... ... Marketing plan Marketing strategy. assortment policy. new policy. Formation of demand and sales promotion. marketing costs. ... ... Production plan the volume of production. production facilities. long-term assets (land and fixed assets). production technology. material support of production. ... 0. Organization, management, personnel Organizational structure. management staff. Organization of management. Isolation, structure, selection of personnel. wages. management expenses and property. Labor motivation and social infrastructure Professional development system 5. 1. Legal plan 5. 2. Financial plan The financial results of the enterprise. Analysis of the main indicators of the financial position. planning of key financial indicators Planning documents for the project. determination of the point of the maximum sales volume. financing strategy. ... 3. Risk assessment and insurance Chapter Six FEATURES OF DEVELOPING A BUSINESS PLAN FOR AN ENERGY PROJECT 6. ... Business plan presentation (summary) 6. ... Energy company marketing plan Characterization of electricity as a commodity. power distribution channels. service maintenance. Used technologies, equipment, types of fuel. advertising company. power generating companies. power generating companies with CHP. power grid companies. energy sales companies. ... ... Production plan 6. ... Organizational plan New tasks for management and engineering personnel in the face of transformation. ... ... Risk assessment and insurance 6. ... Legal plan 6. ... Investment Management Plan 6. ... Financial plan Development of planning documents. analysis of the self-sufficiency of production. Break-even chart. analysis of financial results. analysis of the sensitivity of indicators Assessment of the impact of specific factors on commercial activities. REFERENCES
The life cycle of an energy facility, during which the safety and reliability of buildings, structures and structures, technological processes and equipment must be ensured, consists of: 1) construction, including: • development of design and working documentation (architectural construction design);… (Engineering of objects of an intelligent energy system. Design. Construction. Business and management)
Knowing a lot doesn't mean being smart; intelligence is not only information, but also judgment, a method of extracting and using information. Carl Sagan Properties of intelligence: the ability to see the system, the ability to be smart, the ability to make the system smart. Basics: cybernetics, theory of artificial ... (Engineering of objects of an intelligent energy system. Design. Construction. Business and management)
In the field of electricity and utilities, limited investments for foreign investments include: 1) construction and operation in small power grids of coal-fired condensing power plants with a capacity of 300 kW or less and condensing thermal power plants ... (Doing business in China: legal aspects.)
We will analyze this planning process for a typical case when a company would like to start production (and, of course, implementation) of a new service for itself. Let's call this the new product creation program. Besides, the most common one is Fig. ten. . Strategic and current planning in general ... (Management Basics)
Unlike conventional types of planning, where plans are a trade secret of the company, business planning is aimed at two main users: for the management of the company and its planning unit, to use the approved business plan for ongoing planning and management, and for investors, ... (Basics of Management)
Prior to the adoption of the “third antimonopoly package”, the Law on Protection of Competition did not contain any special rules governing price manipulation in the electric power industry. At the same time, this was not an obstacle for the FAS Russia to conduct antitrust proceedings on these facts. So, for example, ... (Commentary on the "third antimonopoly package")
The issue of reliability has always been central to the operation and planning of the development of energy systems and power plants. This is determined by the high dependence of consumers on the reliability of power supply. The dependence becomes so strong that a power failure leads to ... (Reliability of thermal power equipment of TPPs)
The procedure for investigating the causes of accidents in the electric power industry (with the exception of accidents at nuclear power plants) is regulated by the Rules for investigating the causes of accidents in the electric power industry, approved by Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation of October 28, 2021 No. 846. Investigation of the causes of accidents in the electric power industry ... (Reliability of thermal power equipment of TPPs)
In the block "Description of the actions of operating personnel and officials of electric power industry entities and consumers of electric energy, which served as prerequisites or causes of the accident", information on employees related to operating or dispatch personnel who made incorrect ... TPP)
The owner, other legal owner of the electric power facility or the organization operating them submits a consolidated monthly report on accidents in the electric power industry to the federal state energy supervision body, the authorized body in the electric power industry, as well as to the subject of operational dispatch ... (Reliability of heat power equipment TPP)
Zhelyabovsky Y. A ..
In any field of activity, in order to achieve the set goals, a certain plan of action is required. In the context of directive planning, the superior planning management body set targets for enterprises in terms of production volumes, production costs, consumption limits for material resources, etc. Heads of enterprises were responsible for fulfilling the approved planning targets.
The new economic environment puts managers and specialists in front of the need to build their work differently. During the transition to the market, some leaders perceived the newly emerging economic relations as "anti-planned", but this is far from the case. Market conditions require even more precise development of goals, objectives and ways to achieve them. The importance of planning the activities of enterprises and organizations does not decrease, but rather increases, since the success of work in market conditions is impossible without a complete and clear understanding of the prospects and consequences of decisions made, without the development of reliable preliminary guidelines and a real plan of action.
However, planning the activities of companies in market conditions in terms of its goals, content and organization differs significantly from the long-term and short-term planning that was previously used at Russian enterprises.
Strategic planning, which is aimed at exploring the strengths and weaknesses of the organization, along with the study of "opportunities" and "threats" outside the organization, has become widespread in the world in the context of market relations. It allows predicting the situation and provides a set of alternative actions for different scenarios.
In world practice, a business plan is a complex document that reflects the main goals and content of strategic planning for the development of a company and ensures the maximum efficiency of decisions made. When forming a business plan, the process of its development itself plays a paramount role, during which issues of management, financing, marketing, distribution of duties and many others are resolved, decisions made in the form of planned indicators are regularly adjusted, the system of measures to implement the plan is revised based on continuous monitoring and evaluation of ongoing changes in the company's activities.
The purpose of developing a business plan is to plan the production and economic activities of the company for the near and distant periods in accordance with the needs of the market and the possibilities of obtaining the necessary resources. The business plan is aimed at solving the following tasks:
identifying specific areas of the company's activities, target markets and the company's place in these markets;
formation of long-term and medium-term goals of the company, strategy and tactics for their achievement with the identification of persons responsible for the implementation of each strategy;
determining the composition of the company's marketing activities for researching demand, pricing, advertising, etc.,