Business plan for growing strawberries

Business on organic seedlings seems to be quite attractive and relatively easy for a beginner. It would seem that all it costs is to build a greenhouse, isolate it from the external environment, sow, and reap the benefits.

However, to choose the right seedlings for vegetables and flowers, to know when it is necessary to fertilize the fruits, and when to finally harvest the crop, all this requires certain knowledge and skill.

And if you are rooted in the desire to start a business of seedling vegetables, flowers or other equally popular crops, then we offer you this article for your review.

The benefits of doing business

The greenhouse business has a number of indisputable advantages over other types of entrepreneurship, as well as features that should also be taken into account when starting work:

  • Relatively low cost of initial entry into the business;
  • Good demand for manufactured products. Availability of seasonal increase in the purchase of goods, relevance;
  • It is possible to work with a wide variety of crops;
  • The business will pay off after the first weeks after harvest.

And the following features must be taken into account when working:

  • Without a well-written business plan, which should include a complete list of actual costs with elements of market analysis;
  • Before taking your first steps in entrepreneurship , it is worth having not only the initial knowledge and basics in economics, but also in floriculture: it is worth studying information about the requirements of the grown crop, taking into account your own capabilities and the expected harvest.

Major mistakes aspiring entrepreneurs

Despite the fact that the business of growing crops seems to be a kind of gold mine, which, in addition, is not particularly picky about seasonal undemanding demand, many cannot avoid the pitfalls associated with the idea of ​​floriculture:

  • Poorly thought out business plan. Starting an entrepreneurial business from scratch is always a difficult undertaking, and without an adequate cost estimate and an initial contribution, it is even meaningless undertaking, which will not bring enough profit to recoup even a minimal investment. So, for starters, those who want to start a business of seedlings of vegetable, flower and other crops should set aside money for the very minimum of equipment: a greenhouse and automation. It is also possible to foresee the costs of hiring workers, but this, of course, should be a profitable undertaking, and not a waste of time. Later in the article, we will also look at a mock business plan that can be a worthy start;
  • Lack of demand for products. Conducting a market audit before starting planting is a must, and even an obligation, for any entrepreneur. For example, the greenhouse business will not become particularly profitable in the northern regions of Russia, where the necessary equipment costs cannot be covered, but in other, more southern regions, fresh herbs and lettuce are in demand. Naturally, taking into account your own disposition and betting on its advantages is the key to a skillful natural economy, which can later be turned into a good prosperous business;
  • Selection of low-quality or unsuitable seeds. And the first most tangible pitfall for a budding greenhouse entrepreneur is the wrong seeds. If you have already made a mistake at the selection stage, then no matter what you do next and no matter how much effort you put into correcting the misconduct, everything is useless. The harvest will be frail and useless, and for such a seller will not offer a high price. You, as the owner, should know the background of the process, as well as use short rules that will save you rash steps:
  • Seeds for open ground may not be suitable for greenhouse conditions. In a closed ecosystem, plants that do not have the necessary modules in their genes can get sick;
  • It is worth considering the peculiarities of the soil in your area. It will not be superfluous to first conduct its research, give it for examination and the like. Moreover, these actions will not be superfluous, but on the contrary, they will avoid even greater costs;
  • Choosing a seed supplier is the key to a successful harvest. Seek recommendations from friends, establish contact with those who have already used the services of the seller - all this is the kind of research that will save yourself from bad goods. Plus, you should have your head on your shoulders when choosing a crop to grow. No matter how decent a supplier is, it is more likely that he will not miss the opportunity to sell you poorly selling, and therefore unsuitable for many, cultures.
  • Fraud. Yes, in this area of ​​business there is none. Their main task, which many, alas, are pursuing is to sell bad planting material under the guise of a newfangled and, undoubtedly, a profitable trend in the greenhouse business. So if you saw a "unique and profitable" offer with supposedly genetically modified sprouts, which give a certain number of times more fruits than ordinary ones, less selective for the soil, and so on - do not see each other. At the first stages in the greenhouse business, it is better to abandon experiments altogether and trust the experience of neighbors. Focusing at the beginning on their experience, after that you can experiment a little with the contingent of cultures.
  • Difficulty storing goods. Presentation of the final product is the most important thing in the greenhouse business, which will ensure a large number of buyers and sellers in the future, who will offer a decent price for your efforts. Growing at home, for example, tomatoes, we understand that their appearance can be much different from the grail that is presented on the cover of a gardening magazine. However, realizing that the product is 100% natural, and most importantly - delicious, we put up with this fact. When starting a greenhouse business, you should immediately take into account the main requirement of the buyer - presentability, beautiful appearance. Therefore, when starting sowing, it is worth choosing those varieties and crops that will ultimately give a result "like from the picture." If the flowers - the buds should be bright, large, the vegetables - the color is healthy, and the fruit should be large, without visible surface flaws. Therefore, if you have achieved a beautiful harvest, think about the intricacies of its storage: it is worth organizing the process so as not to damage the goods during the period from harvesting until they enter the market;
  • Sales of products. The choice between two options: delivering goods to a large network or hiring special dealers is the cornerstone of sales. So, by choosing the first option, after the conclusion of the agreement, you can no longer worry about maintaining presentability, about the risk that during the sale process the goods will be damaged and unfit for sale, and as a result, the costs will not be recouped. However, retail chains will offer a small price. It is a good choice to use both of these opportunities, thereby creating a large profit for the business. If you have just started a business, then we advise you not to rush to break prices and grab the stars from the sky: at first try the profitability of the venture by selling the product through a network of any supermarkets. If the profitability is visible to the naked eye, you can try trading a different plan.

What to grow in a greenhouse?

Crop production is the cultivation of cultivated plants. The resulting products are used for own consumption or sale. Starting a crop business is very easy. There are several directions, some of them require a minimum start-up investment. In order to successfully cope with starting a business, you need to draw up a detailed business plan.

What are the peculiarities of crop production

Growing requires skill from a person. You will need to pay attention to the most popular products. The payback will depend on the chosen crop culture, equipment, scale and business plan. Climate plays an important role. The location influences which product the choice will be made in.

If an entrepreneur lives in the southern part of Russia, then he has more options. A person who is not well versed in the cultivation of vegetables or fruits, it is better to opt for classic cultivated plants. Cucumbers, tomatoes and similar vegetables can be the basis of a business plan. They are in demand and do not require the skills of a professional agronomist.

If the goal is to create a large-scale agricultural enterprise, you will need to prepare for investing a serious amount. The initial start-up capital in this case will be at least 1 million rubles.

Main views

Crop production is divided into types. There are the most demanded industries that a person should pay attention to first. A business plan is built around:

  • potato growing
  • grain growing
  • vegetable growing
  • melon growing
  • gardening

You can make the final choice based on the profitability of the industry and your own preferences. Attention is also paid to the complexity of cultivation. Novice businessmen with a small start-up capital should choose responsibly.

Business plan

In order to draw up a business plan, you will need to define goals and objectives. First of all, it is important to come up with or borrow an idea that will be implemented.

A well-thought-out crop plan includes:

Nowadays, natural food products, grown at home, without the addition of various chemicals that increase the speed and intensity of growth, are becoming more and more popular. Therefore, a business plan for raising cattle for meat will have a priority in agriculture.

A business plan for breeding cattle can serve not only as a guide for a novice entrepreneur, but also as a document designed to get an investment in a future business or take out a loan for a business.

Project characteristics

The business plan of the farm for raising cattle for meat, has the goal of creating its own production, for raising animals with further implementation. The main direction is the raising of cattle for meat and its wholesale.

In order to implement a ready-made business plan for growing cattle, you will need to have in your hands about 1 million 700 thousand rubles. The owner of the future business can only invest a part of his personal funds, in the amount of 150 thousand rubles. We plan to arrange the missing part as a subsidy for the development of small business.

If we consider this project from an economic point of view, then the estimated amount of net annual profit may amount to 1 million 280 thousand 940 rubles. The full recoupment of the case will occur no earlier than two years after its opening.

If we consider it as a social indicator, then we will help to reduce unemployment by creating additional jobs. In addition, a new business will be registered and tax revenues will begin to flow to the state budget.

In order to start a successful business, you will have to:

  • Purchase 60 young cows worth 900 thousand rubles.
  • Stock up on animal feed for 600 thousand rubles.
  • Carry out construction work on the reconstruction of the building, for keeping cows - 150 thousand rubles.
  • Thus, at this stage we need to spend 1 million 500 thousand rubles.
  • The choice of a taxation system for business, for breeding cattle
  • We will register the future organization as a farm. For the business taxation system, we choose the unified agricultural tax. The tax paid is 6% of the profits of the organization.
  • At the moment, the business plan for growing cattle has begun to be implemented step by step in the following moments:
  • The process of registering a future business has been fully completed.
  • Verified and reliable suppliers of cattle have been found, the process of paperwork for signing a purchase agreement has begun.
  • The owner of the organization already owns the necessary premises, which includes the presence of 30 heads, in total 130 heads can be simultaneously in this room. The total area is 550 square meters.

Employee Selection

According to a self-written business plan for breeding cattle for meat, the staff will include only 5 people. One of them is a leader and 4 laborers.

Types of manufactured products

The main income will be the sale of meat. We will carry out its sale both by wholesale deliveries to organizations and to places of processing of products.

Strawberries are one of the most beloved and popular berries. Even though the price is high, it is steadily bought throughout the year. After the introduction of a number of sanctions by the European Union, its supplies to the Russian market have significantly decreased. For entrepreneurs, this is a real chance to fill the vacant niche and organize a highly profitable business. Below is a sample business plan for growing strawberries in a greenhouse with calculations and examples of development.

Organizational and legal aspects of business

To do this, you will need to register either as an individual entrepreneur or obtain the status of a legal entity. In the first case, the manufacturer will have the opportunity to use a simplified taxation system, implying payment of 6% of net income.

Also, depending on the region, other tax deductions and benefits provided for agricultural producers may apply. At the same time, it will be obligatory to issue a phytosanitary certificate and obtain a Declaration of Conformity everywhere. So, how to draw up a business plan for growing strawberries.

Calculations of profitability indicators

A ready-made business plan for growing strawberries in a greenhouse all year round must include calculations of profitability indicators. The price for this type of product is steadily growing, but during the season of picking berries in the open field, it may decrease slightly. At the moment, only 5% of the total amount of strawberries is grown industrially in Russia.

If in the open field the yield indicators are strongly influenced by weather conditions, then in the greenhouse economy the dependence on them is minimal. That is why when grown indoors, the profitability is 100%. At the same time, the payback period usually does not exceed 1 year. Below is an example of a business plan for growing strawberries all year round using the hydroponic method.

Greenhouse construction

For year-round cultivation of strawberries, it will be necessary to build a winter greenhouse with heating. The type of its heating will directly depend on the climatic conditions of the region and the availability of certain resources. The most common option is hot water heating. It usually consists of a water heating boiler, a pipe system and an expansion tank. For more uniform heating, pipes are placed not only around the perimeter, but also under the racks with containers.

Another heating option involves the use of electricity. Depending on the heating method, it can be cable, that is, equipped with a "warm floor" or air. Air heating involves the use of fan heaters. To reduce possible risks in the growing process, it is recommended to combine heating types. For example, in a greenhouse with water heating, a "warm floor" system is additionally installed.

In a year-round greenhouse, in addition to heating, you will also need to equip a lighting system. During the winter period, strawberries will not have enough natural light, so they will have to be artificially illuminated. For this purpose, sodium lamps or otherwise DNAZ are best suited. Alternatively, you can use LED lighting. But the price is much higher.

Greenhouse business plan - we present detailed calculations, payback periods for this business, as well as the advantages and disadvantages of running it.

Capital investment in the greenhouse: $ 15,000 Return on business: 2-3 years Profitability level: 15%

A greenhouse with proper organization and management is capable of bringing a stable large income to its owners.

However, entering a business without understanding its principles is an almost 100% guarantee of loss.

Therefore, the greenhouse is often organized by those who have extensive practical experience in this area.

But even the most experienced person will need a greenhouse business plan.

Advantages and disadvantages of greenhouse organization

Advantages Disadvantages Starting a business can be done with minimal investment. profitable only for southern regions. Subsidies from the state are possible. a business organized by an insufficiently competent person is guaranteed to become unprofitable. Pays off quickly. high power consumption. since then it is available both in retail chains and retail buyers. needs to think over a storage system for products (short lead time).

Greenhouse business plan: planning

It's worth starting with the fact that greenhouse business is divided into three main groups: growing vegetables, flowers and herbs.

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