Intercompany planning

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Chapter 1. Concept and content of intrafirm planning

1. The role and importance of intrafirm planning in enterprise management

1. Principles and methods of planning

Chapter 2. Basic types and tools of intra-firm planning

2. The main types of intra-company planning

At the present stage of economic transformations, one of the most important tasks of forming an effective management system for business entities is the further development of the theory and practice of intrafirm planning. The underestimation of intrafirm planning in the activities of market economy entities led to a sharp decrease in the competitiveness of enterprises, an imbalance in their production potential, a violation of the principles and methods of management, the creation of conflict situations with employees and partners and, in general, negatively affected the final results of their work.

The content of intrafirm planning as a management function consists in the reasonable determination of the main directions and proportions of the enterprise development, taking into account the material sources of its support and market demand.

The essence of intrafirm planning is manifested in the specification of the development goals of the entire enterprise, each division separately for a set period of time, the definition of economic tasks, means of achieving them, timing and sequence of implementation; identification of labor, material and financial resources necessary for solving the assigned tasks.

Planning is designed to ensure interaction between the individual structural divisions of the enterprise, including the entire technological chain: research and development, organization of production, repair and maintenance work. Intrafirm planning is based on identifying and forecasting consumer demand, analyzing and assessing available resources and prospects for the development of the economic market environment.

Metal tile production as a business idea

Ministry of Education of the Russian Federation

Far Eastern State Technical

Department of Economics and Management

Internal planning.

Business plan and its financial

aspects in transition

in the specialty 351000 "Anti-crisis management"

Assistant of the Department of Accounting and Finance, KSTU

Chapter 1. Intrafirm planning. 7

1. ... Functions and tasks of planning. 7

1. ... Enterprise planning and management. 8

1. ... Planning technology. 10

Chapter 2. Business plan: general ideas and features. 14

Production of metal roof tiles as a business idea. What are the investments, what is the cost of production, how much profit from 1 running meter and other issues are detailed in the article.

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Planning is one of the most important factors in the functioning and development of industrial firms in a market economy. This activity is constantly being improved in accordance with the objective requirements of the production and sale of goods, the complication of economic ties, the increasing role of the consumer in the formation of technical, economic and other parameters of products. An important role is also played by changes in the organizational forms and the nature of the activities of firms, an increase in the importance of transnational corporations (TNCs) in world economic relations.

Planning has a decisive impact on the development of social production, increasing its efficiency through intensification. As the Russian economy develops, planning methods improve and its tasks become more complex.

The unified system of state plans includes national economic, sectoral and intra-industrial planning. The basis, the initial link in national economic planning, is the plans of grass-roots organizations and industrial enterprises (production associations).

With the development of the economy, the expansion of the scale of production, the complication of inter-industry, intra-industry and intra-industrial relations, the methods of planned management of the national economy are constantly being improved. With the accelerating pace of scientific and technological progress and the growing needs of society, changes are taking place in production, in the sphere of circulation and services. The level of concentration of production is increasing, and intra-production specialization is developing. The professional and cultural level of the working people is steadily increasing.

1. Theoretical part

1. Goals and objectives of internal planning

Intrafirm planning as a management function consists in the reasonable determination of the main directions and proportions of production development, taking into account the material sources of its support and market demand. The essence of planning is manifested in the concretization of the development goals of the entire company and each unit separately for a set period, the definition of economic tasks, the means of achieving them, the timing and sequence of implementation, the identification of material, labor and financial resources necessary to solve the tasks.

Thus, the purpose of planning as a function is to strive in advance to take into account, if possible, all internal and external factors that provide favorable conditions for the normal functioning and development of enterprises belonging to the firm. It provides for the development of a set of measures that determine the sequence of achieving specific goals, taking into account the possibilities of the most efficient use of resources by each production unit and the entire company. Therefore, planning is designed to ensure interconnection between the individual structural divisions of the company, including the entire technological chain: research and development, production and sales. This activity is based on identifying and forecasting consumer demand, analyzing and assessing available resources and prospects for the development of the economic environment. This implies the need to link planning with the aim of monitoring and constantly adjusting the indicators of production and sales following changes in market demand. The higher the degree of market monopolization, the more accurately companies can determine its size and influence its development.

Internal planning within large companies covers both current and long-term planning, carried out in the form of forecasting and programming. If long-term planning is designed to determine the general strategic goals and directions of the firm's development, the resources necessary for this and the stages of solving the tasks, then the current plans developed on its basis are focused on the actual

achieving the development goals set. Therefore, the current plans complement, develop and adjust the promising directions of development, taking into account the specific situation.

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1. the need for planning in an economic organization

1. Approaches to the planning system

Until recently, strategic planning was seen as an isolated process, management technology for technology's sake. It was assumed that the organization itself sets for itself a certain super goal and seeks to achieve it in the course of its production activities. But the super goal of any firm (even a public organization) is to meet the needs of the client, otherwise it will not survive. The means to achieve this goal may be different, but its essence remains unchanged. In this regard, strategic planning should be considered in the context of improving the quality of customer service, creating a system called “total quality management”.

The implementation of the strategic planning procedure, as well as other management functions, requires quite a lot of effort, and there are many problems that need to be solved by M. Alekseeva. Planning the activities of the firm: Teaching aid. -M .: Finance and statistics, 1997 .-- 54 p. ... Approximately 50% of attempts to implement the system in the organizations of the CIS countries fail. This is mainly due to the following reasons:

a) it is not the head of the company that becomes the head of the process of introducing new management technologies;

b) no funds are allocated for training the company's employees in the implementation of the strategic planning system and the quality management system that complements it, as well as other management functions;

c) "objective" reasons for failures are found;

d) lack of ability to assess the results achieved;

e) the system implementation process slows down, control over it is weakened.

Regardless of the reason why the system for introducing organizational innovations fails, employees criticize the management for the failure of the next management decision. As a result, the gap between managers and employees widens, and corporate culture is weakened. The false start of the implementation of the strategic planning system complicates the implementation of such procedures in the future. In addition, the organization is losing an excellent opportunity to increase its profit and market share while significantly reducing operating costs.

Strategic planning involves a realistic understanding of the organization's prospects. A strategic plan is a complex document that combines a vision of the future, corporate values ​​and beliefs, realistic assessments of the external environment, clearly formulated goals, objectives and action plans taking into account their priorities. Business planning (Methods. Organization. Modern practice): Textbook. allowance / Ed. IN. . Popov. - M .: Finance and statistics, 1997 .-- 123 p. ...

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Ministry of Labor, Employment and Social Protection of the Republic of Tatarstan

Naberezhnye Chelny Trade and Technological Institute

Testing

in the discipline "Economics of the organization"

On the topic: Intrafirm planning. Planning methods.

Completed by: Soshenkova Alena Anatolyevna

Head teacher R. Sabirzhanova.

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