Financial evaluation of the draft business plan

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Federal Agency for Culture and Cinematography

Ministry of Culture of the Russian Federation

Kazan State University of Culture and Arts

Department of Economics and Management of RAS

Test work on discipline: "Financial management"

on the topic “Key financial indicators in the business planning system”

Completed: 3rd year student of the Faculty of EM&T

What business is relevant in 2019 in Russia

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Students, graduate students, young scientists who use the knowledge base in their studies and work will be very grateful to you.

"Business plan for the enterprise, objectives, content and financial justification"

Scope of work 50 pages, including 3 figures, 7 tables, 20 names. lit., 5 applications.

Keywords: business plan, planning, investments, organization finances, business projects,

A business plan is an integral part of a set of works for managing business projects and is a process of long-term research and organizational work aimed at studying specific areas of activity of an enterprise (product or service) in a particular market in the current economic conditions.

In this regard, the purpose of the course work is to reveal the essence of the process of drawing up and implementing a business plan for a modern organization using the example of CJSC Technopromkomplekt.

As a result of the analysis, the following conclusions were made:

1. A business plan is an entrepreneur's program of actions, a necessary working tool for project and investment decisions and intra-company planning, used in all areas of entrepreneurship.

What business is relevant in 2019 in Russia. Business ideas Current business ideas for 2016 The economic situation in the world is in a difficult situation. Events 2019 - 2019 in

1. FINANCE AND FINANCIAL PLANNING FOR

COMPANIES: CONCEPT, ESSENCE, FUNCTIONS

1. ... Enterprise finance: concept, essence, functions

Finance is an economic category that functions in various socio-economic formations. The essence of finance, their role in social reproduction is determined by the economic structure of society, the nature and functions of the state

Finance is a set of monetary relations arising in the process of formation, distribution and use of centralized and decentralized funds of funds in order to fulfill the functions and tasks of the state and to ensure conditions for expanded reproduction.

In terms of material content, finances are targeted funds of monetary funds, collectively representing the financial resources of enterprises. In accordance with the Law of the Russian Federation "On Enterprises and Entrepreneurship", the financial resources of enterprises are mainly profits and depreciation deductions, income from securities, shares, funds of sponsors.

It can be concluded that finance is an objective economic category associated with the patterns of development of material production in certain conditions, while the state acts as the organizer of specific financial relations. The state actively influences finances depending on the political structure, main tasks, current conditions and other reasons.

At present, with the development of market relations, the sphere of financial relations of enterprises is sharply increasing. The finances of enterprises are the basis of the financial system of any state, since it is in the sphere of material production that the aggregate social product and national income are created and primarily distributed.

The essence of finance is manifested in its functions. Finance has two main functions: distribution and control. These functions are carried out in parallel in time, since each financial transaction includes, on the one hand, the distribution of the social product and national income, and on the other, control over this distribution.

The distribution function of finance is related to the distribution of gross domestic product and its main part - national income. Without the participation of finance, the national income cannot be distributed.

Financial relations arise at the stages of distribution and redistribution of national income. Primary distribution is carried out at the place of creation of the national income, i.e. in the sphere of material production.

Further, further distribution or redistribution of national income is required, associated with the presence of a non-productive sphere in which national income is not created (education, health care, social insurance, management), with inter-sectoral and inter-territorial redistribution of funds, the content of the poorest strata population - pensioners, students, single mothers and mothers with many children, etc.

Profitable business ideas in Russia

The financial plan is an integral part of the business plan, which analyzes the financial situation of the company for the current period, and also describes the future financial prospects. This analysis helps, in fact, to implement a business project. It reflects the activities of the firm, its problems, prospects and future actions using objective numbers. The financial part is especially important when looking for money for business development and for investors who, with its help, can discern possible problems of the organization with cash.

Content of the article:

Types of financial plans

Depending on the length of the period, there are three main types:

1. Short term - prepared for a maximum of one year. It is suitable for companies with fast capital turnover.

2. Medium-term - prepared for a planning period of one to five years. This plan is drawn up after detailed research, development, etc.

3. Long-term - prepared for a period of more than five years. Compiled after determining the company's long-term financial goals, its capital structure, expansion activities, etc.

May also be:

1. The main one - it calculates the cost, the structure of income and costs, tax payments, etc.

2. Subsidiary - Helps to create a basic plan.

Sections

We offer the following topic: Profitable business ideas in Russia with a detailed description.

Types of assessing the effectiveness of business planning

A business plan is a document that contains information about all the prospects for the business being created and methods of achieving goals. To determine the feasibility of an entrepreneurial business, it becomes necessary to assess the effectiveness of business plans. This process is carried out in several stages, which allows you to take into account all the risks arising in the process of project implementation.

Evaluation of the effectiveness of business planning can be carried out using:

  • Marketing Analysis;
  • Technical Assessment;
  • Financial Assessment;
  • External Factors Assessment;
  • Risk assessments.

In the course of marketing analysis, the financial possibilities for the implementation of the project are evaluated. For this, the following indicators are determined:

  • Opportunities of a particular company in selling its products;
  • Opportunities of a particular company to receive profit from sales, the volumes of which should cover investment investments.

As a rule, marketing analysis is carried out in two stages:

  • At the first stage, the market segment is analyzed, i.e. the target audience is determined, the motives for purchasing a specific product are assessed, possible ways of selling goods are assessed, a forecast of demand is drawn up;
  • At the second stage, the competitive environment is analyzed: a list of direct and side competitors is determined, an assessment of the likelihood of new competitors appearing on the market is given competitors, the influence of the current legislation on competition is investigated.

During the technical assessment of business planning, the technology that is most suitable for the implementation of the project is determined, as well as the impact on the implementation of the business project of regional conditions, human resources, availability of resources, etc.

The financial assessment of business planning includes the calculation and analysis of a number of indicators, such as: internal rate of return, net present value, payback periods of the project, profitability index, break-even point, autonomy ratios, commercial risk, financial stability, financial dependence on credit funds, etc.

When assessing external factors, the following factors are taken into account: inflation, interest rates on loans, the level of stable and variable costs, the size of investments, pricing, sales volumes, etc. The process of assessing external factors is to identify the most problematic factors for a particular business and determine for them the break-even point.

The final step in assessing business planning is to assess the worst-case business scenarios, i.e. risk assessment.

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