Detailed business plan for sewing production
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Let's look at a typical case of how a business plan for a sewing business is drawn up.
Business plan of sewing production define the portrait of the buyer
Obviously, you have already decided on the choice of the direction of activity.
Below is a feedback on the implementation of a business plan for sewing production during training in "Express Coaching"
Who is he, your customer? How old he is, what his taste preferences are and, most importantly, how much money your client can spend on updating their own wardrobe. Perhaps, the implementation of your sewing business plan will entirely depend on the last aspect.
Decide on which client you will work for. Will it be a mass consumer, ready to pay the regional average amount for your products, or will you produce original models designed for exclusive clients. Do not forget and take into account that along with a high level of profitability of your activity, your expenses will also increase.
Business plan of sewing production choice of sewing direction
Let's try to carefully consider the market you are going to enter. What is he missing? Perhaps he is in need of cheap and inexpensive consumer goods, or, on the contrary, there are a lot of such things on him, and the consumer is ready to pay a good sum for a high-quality universal model of clothing?
Intellect map: Business plan of sewing production
Or maybe you dare to create chic clothes for the rich and thereby become a trendsetter and educator of taste? Then make up for yourself a clear idea of the prices for fabrics and accessories from which models of such clothes are sewn. For this, it would be good to consult with suppliers and owners of expensive clothing outlets. It's a good idea to involve marketers who will promote your product in the market in the process of building a business plan. From such specialists, you can get specific figures for building a business plan for a sewing workshop.
Maybe you decided to switch to sewing children's clothes? Do you know the requirements for its certification? You see how many questions there are, and the business plan of your industrial garment production will entirely depend on the answers to them.
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The successful operation of the sewing enterprise, the income received and the minimization of production costs largely depends on the correct organization of accounting.
The most important objects of accounting at sewing enterprises are
· fixed assets,
output volume, production costs,
· financial results, etc.
The correct reflection of these accounting objects in their movement and development is of great importance for ensuring the processes of making effective management decisions.
· formation of complete, high-quality and reliable information about business processes and performance results for making effective management decisions;
· ensuring control over the availability and movement of property, the use of material, labor and financial resources in accordance with the approved norms, standards and estimates;
· identification and maximum use of internal reserves for increasing the efficiency of production and economic activities, etc.
Intellect map: Structure of a sewing enterprise
Accounting at sewing enterprises is organized in accordance with the Law of the Russian Federation "On Accounting" (1), accounting regulations and other regulatory documents.
Sewing business means sewing clothes and household accessories. A business in the garment industry is bound to make a profit if you get creative. You can open a designer outfit salon, a soft toy production shop, or a workwear shop. The possibilities are only limited by the imagination.
What to consider in a garment business plan
When opening a sewing enterprise, determine the direction of production:
- clothing - household, special, casual, children's, adult;
- fabric toys;
- home textiles;
- other accessories.
Plan production volumes - starting investments in the business, the size of the premises and the number of personnel will depend on the selected figure.
Having chosen the direction of work, register a commercial structure - LLC or IE. The list of documents for registration is presented in the table.
Table: lists of documents for registration of LLC and IE
Applications are considered up to five business days. Following the results, you will be invited to the local tax office and given a package of documentation for a legal entity or entrepreneur. After registration, open a bank account and order a company seal.
OKVED codes suitable for sewing production:
- 18. - sewing textile clothing and accessories;
- 18. 1 - creating workwear;
- 18. 2 - sewing outerwear;
- 18. 4 - other clothing and accessories.
When making a business plan, take into account the legal requirements for production facilities, make a list of equipment and plan to hire employees. Calculate start-up costs and monthly costs. Analyze the demand and draw conclusions about the possible sales volumes and return on business. Below are examples of business plans for a production workshop and a mini-studio.
Registration of garment production
Any activity requires state registration. Two organizational and legal forms are suitable for the sewing business: registration as an individual entrepreneur or the creation of a limited liability company. In order to register a business, you must complete the following steps:
- Submit the completed application form to the Federal Tax Service. In this case, you must have a receipt for payment of the state fee and an identity document.
- After your application is considered, you need to decide on the choice of taxation system: general, simplified, patent.
- Register with the Pension Fund and the Mandatory Health Insurance Fund. For individuals with the status of an individual entrepreneur, this action is carried out automatically by employees of the Federal Tax Service.
- Conclude lease agreements, room processing and garbage disposal.
- Obtain permission to carry out activities from the Sanitary and Epidemiological Service and the State Fire Supervision.
- Make a seal for documents and open a current bank account.
When choosing the organizational form of LLC, the list of steps is expanded. The application must be filled out directly with the tax service, while the presence of the Charter of the organization is required. The charter is a document that contains all information about the organization and its activities. It is important to take into account that to create an LLC, it is necessary to make a contribution to the authorized capital in the amount of at least 10 thousand rubles.
The following are the costs for an individual to acquire the status of an individual entrepreneur:
- payment of the state fee - 800 rubles;
- registration of the organization's seal - 600 rubles.
Total costs: 1,400 rubles.
To register a Limited Liability Company, you must:
- pay the state fee - 4,000 rubles;
- issue a seal - 600 rubles.
Total costs: 4 600 rubles.
The sewing business requires a high team coherence, since the creation process implies a close relationship between employees. Otherwise, it threatens to decrease the productivity of the organization. When selecting personnel, you need to pay attention not only to professional skills, but also to personality traits: responsibility and diligence. Otherwise, creating a single team aimed at obtaining a common result will be difficult.
Small garment production will require performers of the following professions:
Often, seamstresses who previously took orders at home open workshops and even entire production facilities. This business is a very profitable activity, since such products are constantly in demand among buyers. In the article, we will consider a business plan for garment production of clothes, advantages and disadvantages
Opening a sewing production: business plan
If you are thinking about opening a sewing workshop, then keep in mind that there is high competition in this area. In addition, sewing requires a lot of start-up capital. Initially, you will face serious expenses for renting premises, purchasing equipment, materials, raw materials and hiring workers. The payback period of the investment is quite unpredictable. Everything is individual and depends on your personal strategy and market situation.
When starting a sewing business from scratch, specialize in producing specific products. An excellent option would be winter overalls for children or elegant dresses for girls - things that are made from a certain material and are popular with customers. This is the optimal work strategy.
Infographic: Garment Garment Business Plan
Garment business plan: advantages and disadvantages
In the table below, we will consider the advantages and disadvantages of opening a sewing production that manufactures sewing clothes for adults and children. It can be noted that the main target audience is people who have a need for elegant clothes, or who, perhaps, do not fit standard clothing sizes due to their build.
AdvantagesDisadvantagesGreat profitability of the businessHigh cost of renting premises / difficulty in finding premisesLarge receipt of servicesNot massive demand for servicesProducts can be kept in stock for a long timeGreat competition in the sewing business
Here are some government statistics on the purchase of clothes. The leader is the Central Federal District (
40%). The retail turnover of clothing in St. Petersburg was
3%. It is most effective to open an atelier in the Central Federal District in Moscow, since it is there that there is the greatest demand for buying clothes. The lowest profitability will be brought by the sewing business in the Far Eastern and North Caucasian districts.