Comprehensive economic analysis of the economic activity of the enterprise: methods, types, principles and objectives
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Fig. 2. 2. Hybrid strategy
Demand is somewhat satisfied, production is somewhat even, and some sub-contracts are being issued during the peak period. This plan is just one of many options that can be developed.
The inventory plan defines how much production should be produced in each period to meet the sales forecast and maintain the required level of inventories. It is necessary to satisfy the demand, but it is also required to balance the costs of holding inventories with the costs of changing the level of production.
The production-to-order plan determines the volume of goods that must be produced in each period to implement the forecast and maintain the planned order book. When the backlog is too large, the associated cost is equal to the cost of rejecting the order. If customers have to wait too long for delivery, they may decide to place an order with another organization. As with an inventory plan, demand must be met, and the cost of changing production levels must be balanced in the plan with the cost incurred when the stock is larger than required.
The structure of a comprehensive business plan and the role of analysis in the development of its main indicators. The financial position of a commercial organization and methods of its analysis. Methods for a comprehensive analysis of the level of use of the economic potential of an enterprise.
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The article contains a description of the essence of the concept, its principles and objectives. The article also describes the main types and methods of economic analysis.
Concept, subject and object of complex economic analysis
Comprehensive economic analysis is a type of research aimed at finding ways to increase the efficiency of an organization. In the process of its implementation on a systematic basis, the financial and economic activities of the company are assessed, the links between all its main areas are determined, and the factors influencing these areas are investigated. Based on the results of the study, financial and economic indicators are calculated, on the basis of which internal reserves are identified for improving the organization's management system.
Subject - the current state of the organization and its development, in terms of property, finance, efficiency of business processes and achievement of strategic and operational goals. At the same time, the subject is studied in order to find ways and reserves that can increase the overall efficiency of the organization.
- financial condition;
- level of production development;
- quality of the logistics system;
- work with reserves and stocks ;
- individual departments.
Content is a comprehensive and detailed study of various areas of the company's activities, using all available internal and external sources of information. It is aimed at improving the quality of all major business processes, which is carried out through the development and implementation of effective management solutions that allow the qualitative use of the reserves identified as a result of the analysis.
A qualitative study involves the subsequent development of an action plan to increase the efficiency of problem areas, expressed in specific indicators: profit, the amount of accounts receivable, wages, etc.
Principles of Comprehensive Economic Analysis
Researchers identify several basic principles of economic analysis.
- Scientific, that is, research must meet the requirements of modern economic methodology, the laws of production development and scientific and technological progress.
- Complexity - this principle of economic analysis assumes full coverage of all components of the enterprise, their interactions and connections.
- Systematic approach - the principle involves considering an organization as a changing system, consisting of many components interacting with each other and the outside world.
- Objectivity - the information used must be reliable and verified, all conclusions are supported by calculations.
- Effectiveness - the results should be used for practical actions to achieve the required indicators, through changes in business processes and management systems.
- Regularity - this principle of economic analysis declares the need for its systematic implementation with a certain frequency.
- Efficiency - the principle describes the need to comply with the timing of the analysis, as well as the importance of quickly identifying factors influencing the business and the speed of development and implementation of corrective measures.
- Mass character - This principle of economic analysis is also known as democracy. Its essence lies in the admission to the process and the results of the analysis of the widest possible circle of employees in order to increase the efficiency, the level of interaction and the objectivity of the study.
- State approach - in assessing any activity, it is necessary to take into account the influence of government policy in all areas related to the work of the company.
- Efficiency - the principle means that the result of the analysis should be a real economic effect, expressed in the growth of indicators, which will exceed the costs of the analysis itself.