Cheese production as a business: a detailed development plan
Farming today is becoming more and more attractive for aspiring entrepreneurs. Goat cheese business is one of the most interesting ideas. The profitability of goat breeding is confirmed by both reviews of entrepreneurs and market indicators.
Nuances of goat breeding
The goat raw material business is one aspect of a broader activity - goat breeding. Farmers, judging by the reviews, highlight the following features:
- There are two directions in goat breeding: raising animals for meat or for the production of fermented milk products. The goat cheese business is the latter. Farmers advise to specialize in milk products, because the meat of these animals is not popular on the market. Due to the fact that there are tastier, more nutritious and less expensive counterparts.
- Keep in mind that goat milk is less popular than cow milk. And in the cheese-making business as well. The main reason is that cow's milk is cheaper. But goat is more useful, it is a less strong allergen.
- In parallel to the goat cheese business, a farmer can start selling milk, producing cottage cheese and other popular fermented milk products.
- In addition to dairy products, goats themselves are also sold - meaning young animals. This helps many aspiring entrepreneurs to make their first big profits. But farmers are advised to think over the organization of the sale of kids in advance. This method of making a profit is good as an additional, not the main one.
- In parallel to the cheese business, you can also be involved in the sale of goat fluff. It is needed by many textile enterprises, especially popular for the production of clothing for the cold season.
Thus, even a small goat production can bring a good profit. Mainly because of its versatility. In addition to cheese production, you can establish other areas of profit.
Now let's take a closer look at how to start a business in the production and sale of cheese from goat's milk.
The first step is to register your activities in accordance with the requirements of Russian legislation. There are two main options: LLC and IE.
In their reviews, farmers advise future owners of mini-farms to choose for themselves the option of individual entrepreneurship. There are two main reasons - the speed of registration and its low (compared to the establishment of an LLC) its cost.
It is important to select the correct OKVED code when registering an individual entrepreneur. If you have a business for the production of cheese from goat milk, you must select the code "Breeding goats. Production and sale of dairy products".
Next, you will have to deal with the registration of the following permits from:
Cheese has a lot of fans. This product is able to add flavor to many dishes, and is interesting as an independent product as an exquisite snack. Cheese has unique taste - it is not for nothing that elite cheeses are so appreciated by gourmets. In addition, cheese is a high-protein product, which necessarily contains a number of trace elements and vitamins necessary for everyone, including calcium and phosphorus.
On store shelves, you can find a large selection of cheeses of various types and varieties, but products prepared in our own cheese factory only from natural products and made according to original recipes are popular with those who prefer high-quality taste and elite products. Therefore, a unique recipe is the main advantage of cheeses prepared in a private cheese factory.
However, making cheese requires an excellent knowledge of all the nuances and technologies, since the creation of really high-quality and tasty cheese is a complicated process. Therefore, it is worth delving into the study of cheese making if you are attracted to this area. You may even wish to visit family-owned Italian and French cheese dairies to learn all the ins and outs of the process.
What are the risks associated with producing cheese in a mini cheese dairy?
What guarantees profitability in cheese production? Let's highlight the following factors:
- Solvency of the population
- High-quality raw materials and materials of the cheese dairy
- Qualified personnel
- Products, the taste of which corresponds to the main preferences in a particular region
- Long-term sales
- Storage and ripening room with a favorable microclimate
In addition, food manufacturers are required to obtain a production license and a certificate of conformity for each type of product produced. To obtain this certificate, the following documents are required:
- Legal entity documents
- Certificate of Sanitary Compliance
- Veterinary Certificate
- Sample Product Label
- Agreements signed
It can take about 10,000 rubles to get documents.
Among the benefits associated with opening a cheese dairy are:
It is difficult to explain what caused the lack of interest in cheese making. The costs of setting up a business are required within reasonable limits. The technology is simple and proven over the years. There is a demand for products, we can even say that there is a certain deficit, and the number of large manufacturers does not increase every year. The amount of products produced does not allow even the domestic market to be fully supplied.
Actual state of affairs and prospects
For enterprising businessmen, the above circumstances are most welcome. Cheese is a ready-made product that is used everywhere. The observed progress in production, the appearance on the market of low-cost equipment, developed marketing programs - all this should rapidly stimulate the development of this industry. Cheese making, as a business at home, can be called one of the most successful areas in this area. The main risks to be anticipated will be microbiological.
Speaking about the viability of home-made cheese for sale, it can be noted that one cannot count on a separate place or shelf in the supermarket right away. This is a small-scale production, where larger producers are more competitive. Also, network traders, as a rule, have strict delivery terms in terms of time, which is not always feasible for an individual entrepreneur. Due to the small volume of production of such products, the lack of the possibility of permanent placement of it on the shelves, one cannot count on sales through "networkers".
Below we will consider in more detail the question of how many "stop signs" you will have to meet on the way, what difficulties you will face, and what it will cost.
Official business registration
Almost any activity related to the production of food products requires obtaining permits. Cheese making, as a business, must be formalized in the form of an official legal entity or as an individual entrepreneur. In both cases, a license is required. When registering an individual entrepreneur, a certificate is issued, registration with the tax authority is carried out. To do this, it is necessary to form a package of documents, which can be done electronically using the state online service.
The territorial branch of the Inspectorate of the Federal Tax Service of Russia at the place of residence deals with the entire process of registration and issuance of constituent documents.
For self-application in order to register as an individual entrepreneur, the final list should look like this:
- passport of a citizen of the Russian Federation with attachment of photocopies of all its pages;
- application of the established form;
- application for transition to the simplified taxation system; <
- receipt of payment of the amount of state duty for the performance of registration actions;
- TIN certificate.
Important! After the above papers are handed over, a receipt is issued confirming the receipt. The registration period from 2021 is no more than three working days.
In addition, all products must be certified, which will entail the collection of the following documents:
- application for certification;
- constituent documentation;
- quality certificate for the raw materials used.
What is the range of products
A homemade cheese business plan really doesn't require a lot of financial investment. What types are produced at home? The most profitable options:
- cheery ;
- creamy ;
- homemade ;
- tea ;
- Adyghe ...
Curd are soft varieties: ricotta; Mozzarella; feta; mascarpone. Types are made from fresh milk with the addition of various components. The shelf life is short, but the taste is very nutritious.
Creamy ones have a butter-like consistency. It contains milk and heavy cream. A popular species is Philadelphia.
Adyghe - pickled species. The product is of a curdled consistency, slightly crumbles. The national dish of Circassian cuisine is subdivided into fresh and smoked. The product contains milk and fermented milk whey.
Pets are either solid or semi-solid. There are a huge number of cooking recipes. For mini-production, you can choose any suitable method.
Experts are guided by a special “cheese wheel”, where the product is classified by the type of hardness.
Making homemade cheeses as a business is not only profitable, but also interesting.
The study of classification alone is fascinating. It is based on three ways of working out:
- unalloyed ;
- sour milk ;
Each group includes numerous products, but, for example, hard cheeses are those that were obtained by heating the initial products to a temperature of 63 degrees and then formed by pressing. Their ripening period is long (up to 6 months). The group of cheeses is obtained from billets with low temperatures. The finished fermented milk product is usually of a plastic consistency.
Processed semi-finished products, other than dairy components, include additives in the form of melting salts. A large subgroup of products includes: chunks, sausages, sweet, pasty products.
Anti-Russian economic sanctions and retaliatory import restrictions have created an imbalance between supply and demand in the Russian food market. Consumers in all regions complain about the shortage of dairy products. The situation allows you to start a business with minimal risks. The production of cheese on modern equipment, if there are raw materials and materials, is not difficult. A team of several people can master the technology and reach the commercial level. They need a small start-up capital and a facility that meets health and safety standards. You can find information about all the nuances of business, as well as a detailed business plan in our article.
Is it profitable to start a cheese production: demand analysis
Food products are always in demand. Food that meets the needs of customers does not sit on store shelves. Business in this area brings guaranteed income. And the profit depends on many components. First of all, from the readiness of the manufacturer to withstand the period until steady production and sales are established. Rarely does the payback come in a year. For cheeses, it will take a longer time, because there are varieties loved by gourmets that ripen up to six months or longer.
But when the cheese maker finds his niche in the market and his reputation is reinforced by the high quality of his products, he will acquire regular customers and a stable level of sales. This is the psychology of consumers, most of whom remain loyal to those manufacturers whose products meet recognized standards.
Cheese is a product of milk processing. Any technology can be used, but commercial production needs the volumes that are obtained from milking the following domesticated animals:
- cattle - cows, buffaloes, zebu;
- small ruminants - goats and sheep;
In Russian reality, camel milk is exotic. A resourceful entrepreneur could draw attention to his brand with a small batch of camel cheese.
Milk from other animals (mares, moose, donkeys, deer, female marine mammals) is also used. But this is the lot of enthusiasts and scientists. It is not suitable for a novice businessman, although with an established production, a small part of such milk can become a component for creating new varieties or single batches.
The market in Russia is far from saturation. There are many cheeses on store shelves made with soy protein and palm oil. It is enough to go to any farmers' market to see how quickly, even on a weekday, the products of small cheese dairies are sold. Their prices are comparable to those of imported cheeses, but the buyer is willing to pay for a high quality natural product. Russia is not a cheese exporter. It is unable to saturate its domestic market and will be among the main importers for many years to come.
In 2021, Russia ranked 22nd in the world in terms of cheese consumption. From 5.9 kg per capita per year, it lagged almost 2 times behind Poland, which ranks 21, where the indicator is 10.5 kg. And no comparison is possible with the average level in the EU countries - 20 kg / person or with the absolute leader in Greece, where 31 kg per inhabitant. Since 2021, the gap has only widened. Before the imposition of sanctions against Russia, analysts predicted an annual growth of 4% in cheese production. Now this is not enough. We need a qualitative leap: all hope is for small private cheese dairies and farms.
Starting a cheese production is not difficult. Mechanical engineering and food industry provide a wide range of technological lines from mini-cheese dairies to workshops, together with dozens of starter cultures and enzymes for all types of cheese products. Banks are willing to provide loans, and regional authorities - subsidies and assistance in setting up a business. There is no need to buy equipment: it can be rented or leased. Before investing, the future cheese maker needs to decide the following: