Profitable business: alcohol production
Subject to all the rules and requirements of the law, of course. This opens up wide opportunities for doing such a specific business, which in reality can turn out to be very profitable, promising and, of course, profitable business.
Overview of key issues related to starting alcohol production
But, before taking any specific steps and starting to build your own production associated with such a difficult task as making alcohol, you need to get answers to a number of important questions. They relate to the following topics:
Only after clear and detailed answers to all of the above questions are received, you can start organizing the production itself. Namely: buy / rent a workshop or a plant, purchase equipment for the production of alcohol and raw materials, start making trial batches, etc. In this article, we will try to analyze the main points related to starting an alcohol business. They will form the basis of your business plan, without which it is impossible to start an entrepreneurial activity (and even more so such a specific one) and make it a truly successful and well-functioning production.
Selecting the type of alcohol produced and distribution channels: to whom, how, for what purposes
Alcohol is used in a wide variety of industries: both food enterprises (for the production of alcoholic beverages and not only), and pharmaceutical, chemical and other factories. Manufacturers of cosmetics, perfumery and other things also need it. The demand for this product is high, and therefore you can choose the direction that is more interesting to you.
In addition, when deciding what type of alcohol to produce - technical or drinking, you should analyze this market in your region. Do not be surprised if there are major competitors: the business is still profitable. Therefore, make a qualitative overview of the main distribution channels and compare the planned production volumes with the existing demand. You may have to export your products to other nearby regions, and this is already additional costs (in particular, transport) and new competitors.
It is also possible that in the future you yourself will want to expand your business, and the production of alcohol will grow into something more, for example, into a wine and vodka factory. This is a completely feasible and promising idea, since the final product (alcoholic beverages) is much more expensive than the cost of pure alcohol. And subject to the proper level of production and quality of the product, there will always be a consumer.
After evaluating all the main points (competitors, sales channels, development prospects), decide on the type of alcohol that you will produce and move on to the next question. And it is connected with the choice of raw materials and the search for sources of supply.
Selection of raw materials and sources of their supply
Ethyl alcohol (ethanol) is used in many areas of human activity. In addition to the food industry and the production of vodka, it is actively used in medicine, cosmetology and other fields. Given the high demand for ethanol, the business could be profitable. However, it requires a high initial investment.
Ethyl alcohol market and its cost
In recent years, there has been an increase in demand on the ethyl alcohol market. This is partly due to the production of biofuels, the use of which is supported almost throughout the world. For this purpose, bioethanol is obtained from plant materials.
The minimum price for the supply of ethyl alcohol by manufacturers in 2021 was 49 rubles per liter (Order of Rosalkogolregulirovanie dated December 11, 2021 N 352). By the end of the year, the average cost of ethanol reached 53 rubles per liter. From January 1, 2021, Order No. 224n of December 11, 2021 comes into force, according to which the minimum purchase price is set - 57 rubles per liter.
Over the past few years, production volumes have increased due to the appearance of new competitors on the market or an increase in the capacity of the largest companies. Partially the product is brought from other countries (Belarus, Germany, Kyrgyzstan and others). The Siberian Federal District remains the leader in production in 2021.
- JSC "Medkhimprom" - the main supplier of ethylene for the medical services market;
- JSC "Bashspirt" - specializes in the production of edible alcohol;
- JSC "Real";
- JSC "Rosspirtprom";
- JSC "Talvis".
If we consider the ethanol market on a global scale, the leaders in its production are the USA, Thailand, Canada, Brazil, China. North America accounts for about 50% of global demand.
Edible ethanol is made from potatoes, grains, root vegetables, sugar syrup or molasses, grapes and other carbohydrate-rich foods. Most often, wheat is used as a raw material, quite often - barley, less often - corn, although it is valued for its high starch and fat content. It is used for the manufacture of alcohol, fuel for cars, the needs of radio electronics.
Wastes from oil and wood processing industries are used for the production of technical alcohol. It is part of detergents, paints and varnishes and other products. Due to the high content of harmful impurities, it is not used in the food industry.
Types and uses of medicinal herbs
Herbs are considered medicinal if they contain at least one substance with a healing effect. Usually they are used in addition to the main treatment or as the prevention of various diseases. The Pharmacopoeia of the Russian Federation contains about 160 names of medicinal herbs permitted for use. Useful substances can be located in different parts of plants: in the grass (chamomile, string, snakehead, smoke), in seeds, fruits (coriander, anise, dope, flax, poppy, hypnotic, plantain), in flowers (calendula, blue cornflower ), in the bark, roots, buds.
Medicines for internal and external use are produced. The first group includes such forms of use as infusion, decoction, water-alcohol, oil extracts (tincture, extracts). In the second - herbal bath, body wrap, lotion, compress. Herbal preparations are also popular, which combine plants with similar properties. Among them there are anti-asthma, diuretic, chest, choleretic, carminative, sedative, gastric asthmatic, bitter, diaphoretic, gargle, multivitamin and many other charges.
The herbal processing business is highly profitable due to low equipment costs and constant demand for this type of product. The popularity of medicinal herbs is dictated by the low price, safety, the possibility of long-term use and combination with other dosage forms.
With a full cycle of production of medicinal preparations, the following stages can be distinguished: growing of raw materials, assembly, drying, processing and packaging.
For cultivation, you can organize a plantation, which will require the purchase of land, equipment, seeds and fertilizers. Such production has many advantages: you can adjust the volume and types of plants, raw materials will always be available. But for a beginner, it will be better to buy raw materials from collectors and subject them to further processing, since cultivation requires high costs and knowledge of complex plant assembly technology. When buying raw materials, you need to be careful and carefully check the herbs you buy. It is better, of course, to control the drying process of raw materials, because the quality of the future product depends on it. GOST 24027. -80 contains methods for determining the quality of plant raw materials. There are also special institutions involved in the research of medicinal raw materials: the State Sanitary and Epidemiological Supervision, the Center for Metrology and Standardization, or laboratories at pharmaceutical factories.
An incomplete herbal processing cycle is as follows. Raw materials are sorted and cleaned of foreign impurities and rotten parts, after which it is sent for drying. Drying is a way to preserve plants. With the natural method, plants are placed in the shade, in a ventilated area. In this way, the active substances and color are preserved as much as possible. When machine drying, a mode is selected according to the composition of the plants: herbs with essential oils are dried at a temperature of 25-30 ° C, laid out in a thick layer, alkaloid and glycosidic - 50-60 ° C, vitamin - quickly at a temperature of 80-100 ° C, gradually reducing it to 40 ° C. Signs of the end of drying: for roots, rhizomes - a fracture with a characteristic crackle; for leaves and grass - rub with fingers; for veins of leaves and stems of grass - break; for flowers - dry to the touch. Juicy dried fruits, when squeezed in the hand, should not stick together into a lump.
Table. The yield of some types of medicinal raw materials after drying (per 100 kg of freshly harvested plants)
Plants Type of raw materials Amount of dry raw materials, kg Birch Buds 40-45 Blood-red hawthorn Fruits 30 Lingonberries Leaves 45 Oregano Herb 26-30 St. John's wort 30 Viburnum vulgaris Bark 38-40 Buckthorn fragile 40-45 Heart-shaped linden Flowers 25 Common raspberries Fruits berries) 16-18 Pine Buds 38-40 Common Bearberry Leaves 50 Blueberries Berries 13 Rosehips Fruits 32-33
- drying machine (200-700 thousand rubles)
- shredder (170-270 thousand rubles);
- vibrating screens (9-30 thousand rubles / piece);
- mixer (about 160 thousand rubles / piece); rubles);
- filling and packaging machine (from 250 thousand to 1 million rubles depending on performance);
- birch (leaf) - 70 rubles / kg
- birch (buds) - 380 rubles / kg
- valerian - 300 rubles / kg
- chamomile (flowers) - 176 rubles / kg
- motherwort - 70 rubles / kg li >
- plantain - 115 rubles / kg
- thyme - 130 rubles / kg
- licorice (root) - 70 rubles / kg
- thermopsis - 190 rubles / kg
- burdock - 130-150 rubles / kg
- Eleutherococcus (root) - 140 rubles / kg
- birch (leaf) - 14 rubles.
- birch (buds) - 60 rubles.
- chamomile (flowers) - 26 rubles.
- Valerian - 30 rubles.
- motherwort - 15 rubles.
- plantain - 20 rubles.
- licorice (root) - 14 rubles.
- thyme - 16 rubles.
- burdock - 16 rubles.
- Eleutherococcus (root) - 18 rubles.
- List of medical devices that the applicant is willing to produce.
- Constituent documents:
- Articles of Association;
- Articles of Association; <
- protocol, regulation, decision on the creation of an organization, on the appointment of a director.
- Registration documents:
- Certificate of state registration as a legal entity;
- Certificate of registration with the tax authority;
- Certificate of registration of changes in case of changes.
- Statistics codes (letter from Goskomstat);
- Extract from the Unified State Register of Legal Entities;
- Documents confirming the consent of local authorities to locate the production of medical oxygen in the relevant territory.
- Sanitary and epidemiological conclusion on compliance, on compliance of the production of medicines (medical oxygen) with the requirements of sanitary rules.
- Documents confirming that the applicant owns buildings, premises and equipment that are necessary for carrying out the licensed activity on the basis of ownership or other legal basis.
- Documents confirming the qualifications of specialists corresponding to the licensing requirements;
- Diploma of higher or secondary specialized education (chemical-technological, biotechnological, pharmaceutical);
- Certificate of advanced training
- A document confirming work experience in the specialty for at least 3 years.
- Information about the company (master file), indicating that the license applicant has the ability to fulfill license requirements and conditions.
- Specification - requirements for the quality of materials and products used in production (raw materials packaging).
- Instruction, technique, procedure - instructions for performing certain types of operations.
- Batch protocol - reflects the production process of each batch of products.
Among the peoples inhabiting our planet, the use of amusing and intoxicating alcoholic beverages has always been considered a tradition. We cannot answer directly what, in turn, is paramount - cultural traditions that have entered people's lives or the tradition of drinking intoxicating drinks. Despite this, in the modern world, all peoples and nations, as a rule, treat people who drink negatively. Currently, mainly among the Slavs, vodka is considered that necessary attribute, which acts as a mandatory attribute, which must be present at any holiday or feast. Definition Vodka is nothing more than a mixture of water and ethyl alcohol, which is purified with activated carbon. The amount of this drink is determined, as a rule, in liters and decalitres. There is also such a thing as the strength of the drink, which is determined as a percentage. It is the content of alcohol in this mixture. Therefore, if you want to establish the production of vodka at home for its further sale, then in this article we will discuss this topic in detail.
Let's talk about vodka
The strength level in standard vodka should be 40%, but sometimes the indicator is even higher - 50 and 56 percent. In modern domestic production of alcoholic beverages, there are 5 types of vodka: 40.50 and 56 percent. Vodka brand "Moscow Special" and "Stolichnaya" contains 40% alcohol. These types of alcoholic beverages differ from each other in their alcohol concentration, as well as in the level of filtration and taste. They may also differ from the various flavoring components added to them. In the manufacture of vodka, containing 40% alcohol, it is used in single rectification. And the remaining types of this drink are used in the production of highly purified alcohol.
In order to increase the quality of this alcoholic product, vodka is produced mainly from the following ingredients:
- sodium acetate.
In addition, filtration with activated carbon is also used.
A bit of history
Before talking about the income that can be obtained from this business, it is necessary to talk about the history of this drink.
So, a long time ago, people were able to taste and appreciate the taste of alcoholic beverages. Many scientists believe that even 35 thousand years ago, people were able to try this product, thanks to the fermentation of fruits and berries, and were able to learn about its tonic abilities. The very first alcoholic beverage was regular wine made from grapes. A little later, a man came up with such a drink as beer. Even in ancient Egypt (more than 4 millennia ago), winemaking and brewing were the most popular. Already in those distant times, more than 150 varieties of grapes were known to people. This product was exported by the Roman Empire to virtually the entire world. The manufacture of a drink such as vodka began to take place through a distillation process. Some scholars claim that it was the Arabs who came up with this method. But unfortunately, this discovery could not be widely disseminated and received any significant fame, for the reason that it was prohibited by the scriptures - the Koran. Some historians have expressed an opinion about the receipt of alcohol in the 10th, 11th centuries by alchemists - Italians. Some scientists argue that this distillation method has already become known both in the East and in the West. In search of the necessary component that could cause a feeling of intoxication in a person, the ancient alchemists had to use distillation from wine to obtain such a substance, which became, is the personification of the spirit, or soul. It is in this way that vodka production took place.
Comparison of production technologies
- 1 Relevance of the alcohol production business
- 2 Alcohol production technology
- 3 Launching an alcohol plant - business plan
- 3. Premises
- 3. Equipment
- 3. Selection of suppliers. Raw materials for production
- 3. Recruiting personnel for the production of alcohol
- 4 Paperwork and licensing
- 5 Sales channels for ethyl, technical, medical alcohol
- 6 How many you need money to start a business
- 7 How much can you earn from the production of alcohol
- 8 Possible risks of the business
- 9 Conclusion
Alcohol is a demanded product that is used in many industries. But for a successful business in the production of alcohol, you need to obtain permits, as well as understand the technology. It is also a high-cost business that requires an impressive start-up capital. Let's analyze all the nuances.
Relevance of the alcohol manufacturing business
There are several types of alcohol, and each of them is in demand in its own area. Most often, alcohol is divided into ethyl (ethanol) and methyl (methanol).
Both of these substances have common properties: any alcohol is a volatile and flammable substance without color. But methanol is much more toxic than ethanol.
The chemical formula of ethanol is C 2 H 5 OH. It is lighter than water and has a pungent taste, is present in almost all alcoholic beverages and affects the central nervous system. It is obtained by fermentation of organic substances or synthetically.
It is used by:
Methanol (chemical formula CH 3 OH) is much more toxic, and its ingestion can lead to severe poisoning or death. Basically, this type of alcohol is used for the production of fuel, including rocket and aviation.
Read also how to make money on charcoal production.
Alcohol production technology