Production of compound feed for poultry
monthly profit: 90,000 rubles
investment: 500,000 rubles
payback: 7 months
Mixed feed production as a business
Most often, agricultural workers choose foreign feed. But recently, due to the high cost of such feed (the growth of the dollar and the euro), farmers have begun to purchase more and more feed of Russian production, given the fact that some of them are not worse in quality than imported counterparts.
It has long been established that the success of the livestock industry (including the poultry segment) is largely related to animal feeding. If there is no good supply of forage, then there is no point in talking about high performance indicators of animals. As a result, the managers of farms and other similar facilities try to buy compound feed that fully satisfies the animals in the necessary nutritional elements.
Today in Russia the demand for poultry products, which are enriched with valuable substances, is increasing. This is directly facilitated by additives that improve the quality of feed and increase the value of the product.
Compound feed production business plan
Within the framework of this project, it is planned to organize a small enterprise for the production of compound feed for chickens.
This feed is a product that is supplemented with nutrients such as grains, fats, salt, vitamins and much more. Most often, the nutritional value of compound feed is: from 15 to 18 percent of proteins, from 3 to 5 percent of fats, from 4 to 6 percent of dietary fiber.
In the technology of production of feed intended for poultry, the current rules for the composition of feed, as well as manufacturing, must be observed. Chickens are best served with small extruded crumbs for older birds - pellets and for mature birds - mash.
When thinking about a business, it is worth considering the issues of technology, equipment and development prospects. Prepare the necessary documents for enterprise registration and product certification.
- supply of raw materials and additives;
- creation of a processing line for the production of compound feed;
- room requirements;
- sales of the resulting products.
What is the main resource for the compound feed business? First of all, these are grain crops: barley, oats. Legumes are often used. For good nutrition, hay and straw are ground.
The feed business also adds chemical additives - salt and chalk, as well as vitamins and minerals. Grass, fish and bone meal is necessarily used in the production of feed. Waste from the starch plant is also used. Balance and variety in nutrition is very important for animals.
Mixed feed production at the mini-plant includes:
- a special machine for grinding hay and straw;
- a grain crusher;
- electronic scales for precise dosing of components;
- conveyor for supplying products to a warehouse or to a car body.
Hay and straw are cut into small pieces in several stages. The crusher grinds the grain. Then, depending on the recipe used in the business, the components are dosed and fed to the mixing plant for further compound feed production. Weighed chemical micro-additives necessary for good nutrition are also supplied here. The finished mixture is shipped by a conveyor to vehicles or to a warehouse.
The main requirement for a production workshop is the height of the building. It should be about 5 meters. Such dimensions are necessary for the installation of a line for the production of compound feed. The area of the premises itself is at least 200 square meters, plus additional warehouses for storing raw materials and finished products. The building for the compound feed business must be heated. The minimum temperature is 5 degrees Celsius.
- lower production costs;
- lower transportation costs;
- the ability to change the recipe, improving the composition of animal feed;
- provision of own needs for raising livestock in full.
A growing business implies that it is necessary to constantly increase production. It is necessary to expand sales markets by meeting the needs of neighboring farms for raising animals. In addition, it is very profitable to conclude an agreement with large wholesale companies for the supply of large quantities of compound feed. But in the early stages of business development, most likely, consumers will be small entrepreneurs or individuals involved in raising animals and birds.
The mixtures commonly used to feed livestock and poultry are called combination feeds. They are called that because they contain all the essential nutrients and vitamins necessary for the growth of animals. This is a balanced complex that is complete nutrition. Equipment for the production of compound feed is relatively inexpensive. The simplest complex can be bought for 150 thousand rubles.
How to create passive income in 4 days
A marathon where you will create passive live income from scratch and learn specific strategies for investing in apartments, houses, garages, cars and even profitable sites
The lion's share of capital investments will need to be spent on the purchase of raw materials for compound feed. It can be very different. The feed recipe depends on the type of animal or bird, its age and purpose. Quality and energy value depend on the correct balanced ratio and correctly selected raw materials.
Farmers often open workshops for the production of compound feed for their needs. If surpluses are generated, they can be sold to other farms or the public. You can purposefully open this business, especially since everything related to agriculture in our country is a promising business. Before describing the technology for the production of compound feed, you need to figure out what types of feed exist.
Animal feed technology
The following types of compound feed are distinguished:
Complete This is a complete food that animals receive every day. Orma-concentrates Serve as an additive to the basic ration. They are usually made for birds. feed mixturesRough and concentrated feed. Usually they are fed to adult ruminants.
There are also protein-vitamin-mineral supplements. They are used as a supplement to the main feed when necessary.
The technology consists of several stages:
1Control, receipt and storage of raw materials. Moisture heat treatment. Cleaning of ingredients and crushing. Straw and hay are usually chopped in two stages. First, the raw material has a size of 30-40 mm, then 5-10 mm. Preparation of a mixture saturated with micro-additives. Mixing the main feed with additives. Dosing of components according to technical specifications. Mixing of components. Granulating or briquetting.
All ingredients are ground to the same size. The grain is necessarily cleaned and also crushed. This stage is always present when feed is being prepared for poultry or weaning pigs. Electronic scales are used to weigh the components. You need to know exactly how much to add this or that component to the mixture. Accuracy is the key to obtaining a quality product. After mixing, the process is usually completed. This loose product is suitable as compound feed for carp and poultry. Sometimes compound feed is pressed on a pellet press. There the mixture takes on a shape of the same size and shape. The lumps are dried using a jet of air and then fed for packaging.
A more modern technology that is being successfully mastered in modern enterprises is extrusion. The compound feed produced in this way has the best taste. Due to the heat effect, aromatic substances are released from the raw materials. They are able to activate the release of enzymes in animals. After passing through all stages of processing, the level of toxins is significantly reduced. In the extruder, the raw material is processed at a high temperature (200 C). In addition, it is exposed to a pressure of 40 atmospheres. A swollen, porous material comes out of the apparatus. Changes in raw materials result in a pleasant bread flavor in the final product.
The production of feed mixtures is one of the most popular areas of business, due to the rapid development of the agricultural sector. According to statistics, the number of companies involved in peasant farming is growing every year. Based on these data, it can be concluded that many owners of such a business need quality suppliers who can supply large quantities of various feeds. This means that the organization of your own mini-plant for the production of compound feed is one of those ideas that will bring stable profits. In this article, we propose to consider a business plan for the production of compound feed.
Mixed feed production as a profitable business idea
High growth rates of the agricultural sector are explained by the impact of the economic crisis. Many manufacturing entrepreneurs focus on products that are in daily demand. Each of these entrepreneurs needs quality suppliers who will not only supply quality raw materials and consumables, but also comply with all the terms of the agreement.
It should be noted that today feed mixtures are in high demand not only among the owners of livestock farms, but also among ordinary citizens.
According to experts, there are a number of stringent requirements for manufacturers of feed mixtures put forward by consumers of these products. One of the main requirements of buyers is a balanced diet. Today, most types of compound feed are based on grain and legume structures. In addition, many different hybrid varieties can be seen on the market.
At the time of creating a business plan for a production workshop, an entrepreneur needs to choose one or several technologies for the production of finished products. The feed mixture should combine natural protein, useful microelements and vitamins. It is important to note that this type of business has a high level of profitability. However, setting up a processing plant will require large investments. As practice shows, the cost of implementing such a project exceeds two million rubles.
Advantages and disadvantages of this area
Each type of entrepreneurship has a number of positive qualities and disadvantages. Among the advantages of this area of activity is the demand for finished products. Another important advantage is the absence of difficulties with the organization of the workshop. The production process itself is extremely simple, which allows newcomers to the business to implement their idea with minimal risk. It should also be noted that due to the high demand for combination feed, the investment pays off within a short period of time. By organizing such a business, an entrepreneur can easily find several different sales markets and create a large client base.
However, in addition to the above-mentioned advantages, compound feed production as a business has several important disadvantages. Among them it should be noted:
- High level of competition.
- High threshold for entering the market.
- Possible difficulties in finding suppliers of quality raw materials.
Starting a compound feed business, an entrepreneur will have to resolve the issue of quality. The choice of technology is influenced by the composition of raw materials and the type of product obtained (each raw material is processed differently).
Compound feed production at home: profitable or not?
The main advantages of the compound feed business:
- the products are in demand, there are no sales problems;
- the ability to produce feed of various composition;
- wholesale purchases of feed by consumers; li >
- fast payback.
- high cost of equipment;
- there are shortages of raw materials.
What is compound feed?
Compound feed is a ready-made mixture, consisting of products with mineral additives.
Types of compound feed
The main characteristics of compound feed are form and nutritional value. By form, they are divided into:
- loose (fine, medium and coarse);
- granular (elongated or round);
- briquetted (square or rectangular) ).
Granulated feed is in the greatest demand among consumers, but loose feed should also be taken into account - they are ideal for small packaging.
How to open your own stretch ceiling business and draw up a competent business plan with calculations, you can read here.