Plastic recycling as a business
Modern practice confirms his words. Garbage recycling is a very profitable business, and the following indicators confirm this fact:
- Processing companies are not so common, and there are plenty of raw materials.
- The entrepreneur has the ability to take various types of waste in an organized way.
- High profitability is ensured by the possibility of recycling waste and converting it into secondary raw materials.
Pros and cons of the activity
The relevance of this business can be seen in almost every aspect, starting with the fact that it has a positive effect on the environmental situation, and ending with the fact that the result gives a large profit to the owner.
The positive aspects include:
- support of local authorities (this area is very poorly financed, and the local administration is obliged to ensure cleanliness, therefore, one can safely count on the support of such an idea and help with finding industrial premises); li >
- unlimited amount of raw materials;
- if there is no way to get involved with the expensive and time-consuming process of creating a waste recycling plant, then you can limit yourself to building a workshop, which will cost several times cheaper, and will bring decent profit.
Despite the many positive aspects, entrepreneurs may have some problems related to the delivery and sorting of garbage. The correct approach to these questions will certainly lead you to an adequate solution.
An interesting story about this field of activity in the conditions of Russia - in the following video:
What trash can be dealt with and what is most profitable
So, let's look at the most common options:
Each of these products is a demanded raw material, and if the marketing is organized correctly, then the result can be high profitability.
Recycled paper can be used for packaging cardboard, toilet paper, or roofing material.
Benefits of a glass recycling business idea
Why this business is attractive:
- the simplicity of the technological cycle, which does not require much time and resources;
- a priority in obtaining government support as an enterprise contributing to the preservation of the environment;
- low competition;
- low financial costs for raw materials;
- availability of sales markets;
- prospects for further development.
This business is suitable for a small town. Let's figure out how to open a glass processing plant.
Glass recycling as a business
The first thing you need to get started is to draw up a competent business plan. But for this it is necessary to clearly imagine the structure of the future enterprise.
The lowest cost option is the production of cleaned cullet, which can then be sold to manufacturers of tools, plumbing fixtures, building materials and glass structures. A more costly option is to make products yourself. Which one to choose depends largely on the size of the start-up capital. It is better for novice entrepreneurs to start with the first option, and consider the second as a prospect for further business development.
Acceptance of broken glass or scrap Solution of glass disposal issue
Raw materials for glass recycling can be whole containers, lumpy glass, scrap, glass packaging waste. You can ensure uninterrupted supplies of raw materials in the following ways:
- conclude agreements with companies engaged in the production and / or sale of glass products. There is always a fight and with it the problem of glass recycling;
- open collection points for glass containers and broken glass;
- install glass waste containers on the streets.
Garbage recycling as a business is a niche that is not as busy as others, the competition is not so fierce, and the conditions are quite favorable. Such investment of money seems to be rational, enterprises engaged in this type of activity pay off in a short time. The processing business comes in several categories:
- this may be an area in which there is no need to make significant financial investments or requires large financial participation;
- a processing business that is difficult to register or such that it is easy to register;
- a business that pays off in a short time, or vice versa, a very long time.
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The garbage recycling business appears mainly under promising categories and is an attractive business area. Waste is everywhere. Only one city dweller from the metropolis sends 250 kg of waste to the trash bin every year, which is the raw material for the recycling plant. But in order to start this type of activity, it is necessary to collect the necessary package of documents.
First of all, the Ministry of Ecology should issue an appropriate license, which is issued once for all time. Its registration will cost 11,000. This license allows you to actively engage in entrepreneurial activities for the collection and processing of solid waste.
Here, in this department, another permit is granted, which is valid for 12 months. After that, a working draft should be developed, which describes in detail the technologies used. You should also have permission from the sanitary station and firefighters.
Permits will also be required for admission to works related to public utilities and water communications.
It should be noted that the processing business is positively assessed by the government. For this reason, there should be no problems in the process of collecting and processing documents.
The purchase of one document from the required list will require from 600 to 2021 rubles. How to proceed in the future, when the package of documents and all permissions are collected?
It is necessary to start the construction of an industrial facility for the processing of solid waste. First, you need to decide on the territory on which the plant will be built. It is good if it can be placed near the city dump.
Is it worth getting involved in such an unusual business as tire recycling? Rubber decomposes in 50-100 years. This is not the most impressive period when compared to the period of "natural" disposal of various types of plastics. Few businessmen are able to see the prospects for further use in waste. But every year, in the literal sense of the word, tons of free resources are lost at city dumps and landfills.
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A striking example of a promising business will be the recycling of old tires. This niche is still underdeveloped, and competition in it is very weak. According to statistics, domestic factories annually process only a quarter of the volume of worn-out tires, which during the same period manage to end up in a landfill. The garbage business has ceased to be a part of jokes and turned into a profitable business.
Tire recycling is the future
An entrepreneur will need a place and equipment for recycling tires to start his own business. The price of the issue is measured in millions. You won't be able to get by with a couple of hundred thousand. The profitability of a business depends entirely on how you organize it. Before you start drawing up a project, you need to carefully study the raw materials with which you will have to work.
What are tires made of? To describe the design of a tire in a simplified manner, it is a rubber contact layer on a metal annular cord grid. The rubber mass is made from rubber. Wherever technical progress leaps, the rubber manufacturing technology and its basis have not changed since the creation of the first tires.
The rubber goes through a vulcanization procedure using an auxiliary substance - sulfur and vulcanization activators to control this process. Different tire manufacturers add a specific set of fillers. Actually, the concentration of the components and the "recipe" for the preparation of rubber are different for firms. Through experimentation, each manufacturer strives to create a unique rubber compound that will perform better than the competition.
The first place among fillers belongs to the carbon additive. It is carbon that gives the material that carbon black color. To obtain the "roughness" of the tires, in order to increase the adhesion (grip of the tire to the surface), silicon dioxide is added. Resins, oils and environmental components are next on the list of additives. The latter began to be added to the rubber mass relatively recently. It may surprise you, but your tires may even contain cornstarch. Old tires are recycled in two ways:
- Crushed into crumbs.
- Decompose into constituents by pyrolysis (thermal decomposition).
Methods differ in processing technology, equipment used, size of initial capital and sales markets. Let's consider the features of both options
Tire recycling: pyrolysis
A plastic recycling business, if properly organized, can generate a decent income. At the same time, such activities help save the environment by clearing landfills from non-degradable waste and preventing the release of harmful substances into the atmosphere during its incineration.
Advantages and disadvantages of a business idea
Even a small home-based business recycling plastic waste from the same empty bottles is economically viable. This is facilitated by the low cost of raw materials - you can get it for free if you negotiate with enterprises that dream of getting rid of unnecessary waste.
The purchase of plastic waste from the population will require approximately 9 thousand rubles. per ton. If you choose the production of granules, then from 5 tons of waste you can get 4 tons of product. With proper marketing, their cost will be about 200 thousand rubles.
For a month, taking into account weekends and work in one shift, an average enterprise is able to produce about 40 tons of processed product.
Profit excluding taxes and other expenses comes out to about 2 million rubles. For such an enterprise, the equipment will cost about 4 million rubles. If you subtract the costs of rent, wages, utilities, transportation, it will pay off in about six months.
Plastic bottle is the most widespread type of container at present
The scale of production and the chosen business technology must be taken into account. If you recycle a small amount of plastic at home and produce plastic flakes instead of granules, then the income will be much less, but the equipment costs will also be reduced. Here the average income is about 300 thousand rubles. per month, and reaching the break-even point occurs in about a year.
When organizing a plastic recycling business, it is necessary to take into account its possible disadvantages:
- a large number of permits, which will have to spend both time and money. In general, starting a business will take 4 months and at least 50 thousand rubles. without taking into account the cost of equipment and rent;
- difficulties in finding a sale and rather high competition;
- the need for manual labor, which increases the staff and costs of salaries, payments to insurance funds and tax.