Own business: production of liquid stone
Starting capital - from 300 thousand rubles.
Furniture production is one of the most promising and stable segments of the domestic market. And if we consider the furniture segment separately, then one of the most demanded and profitable industries is the manufacture of kitchen sets. The low barriers to entry are also beneficial to aspiring entrepreneurs.
But here it is worth considering a number of nuances. For example, according to statistics, an average order for a modern kitchen set, taking into account all its individual elements (drawers, cabinets, bedside tables, fittings, etc.) will cost the buyer less than buying a separate countertop. Of course, we do not mean cheap chipboard worktops of low quality, which are additionally covered with a thick film to give strength, but high-quality products made of artificial stone or acrylic material (therefore they are called acrylic worktops).
In the past few years, artificial stone products are rapidly gaining popularity in many industries due to their excellent performance: strength, reliability and durability. The range of application of acrylic is very wide: the production of acrylic countertops, bar counters, washing equipment, window sills and other interior elements.
Nowadays, almost every furniture manufacturing company that produces kitchen sets makes countertops from artificial stone. But often such countertops are not produced by the company itself, but by third-party factories: it is easier for small furniture manufacturing factories to order an acrylic countertop “on the side” than to invest in a full-fledged production line. In addition, such equipment can stand idle indefinitely, since orders for kitchen sets will not always be. In addition, the specificity of this business project will not make it possible to work as usual.
All of the above factors make starting a business for the production of countertops and other interior elements made of artificial stone a very attractive enterprise with great prospects for further development, and a low threshold of entry makes it even more attractive for start-up entrepreneurs.
Hiring workers, purchasing equipment, renting a working space
In the process of making countertops and window sills from artificial stone, one nuance should be taken into account: each project is unique and, in general, does not have the correct outlines. Often, some elements have to be adjusted, for example, for uneven walls or different angles that are formed by a window and a slope (in the case of window sills). Such problems are relevant in most of Russian apartments, both in Soviet and modern buildings, and there is no need to talk about private ones. Summing up all of the above, it can be noted that in these cases it is unreasonable to use non-mobile installations (for example, panel saw equipment), and in some cases it is impossible: when working with an artificial stone, it is better to use only a hand-held electric tool.
On the one hand, this allows you to significantly reduce the cost of purchasing stationary installations. On the other hand, the maintenance of a working staff will cost you an order of magnitude more: working with an electric tool on such an expensive material as artificial stone requires the most responsible and professional approach. This issue is easily resolved by setting piecework wages, when the employee is paid not for hours, but for the work done (units of production).
The main procedures that are performed on acrylic material (they are supplied to the factory in sheet format of a certain thickness):
Potential clients of the enterprise
The main market for the products is the enterprises producing kitchen furniture. Most of the customers will be made up of them, since usually kitchen sets are made to order. Buyers rarely choose to assemble them themselves. Furniture companies will certainly appreciate the attractiveness of domestic products, since they are much more affordable than imported counterparts.
A lot of Internet resources tell you how to open your own production of countertops made of artificial stone from scratch. Whole training courses are presented to entrepreneurs that can be viewed free of charge or at a reasonable price. We will consider two technological processes for spraying GraniStone artificial stone. This is a private production of artificial stone countertops with your own hands, which can be organized in a garage or other non-residential premises. The preparatory stage of production is the production of blanks and templates. The workpiece is the base on which the artificial stone will be sprayed. It is cut from chipboard and completely repeats all the contours of the future product. The template is also made of chipboard, but with an allowance of 5 cm from the dimensions of the workpiece. For a tabletop 40 mm thick, you will need 1 blank and a template. Large product thickness will require 2 blanks and a template. The template and the workpiece are fastened with construction staples or self-tapping screws. An allowance is made on the blanks with a hand mill to obtain the required thickness and dimensions. The technology for the production of artificial stone countertops provides for the next stage - the application of a liquid composition. It can be done in two ways. Direct spray method This technology includes the following steps:
Backspray method This technology allows you to establish a professional mini production of artificial stone countertops. It consists of the following stages:
- For the manufacture of formwork, strips are made of LMDF, fiberboard or plastic. The choice of material depends on the shape of the workpiece. Curvilinear structures require the use of more flexible and technologically advanced raw materials. The production of artificial stone countertops to order should ensure the manufacture of products of various shapes.
- The workpiece is closely lined with formwork, the height of which depends on the thickness of the future product (40 mm or 60 mm). The sides are securely glued to the desktop.
- After the template is taken out and, with the help of a garden varnish, lay out the future cutter of the countertop. It is formed with a spatula or a closer.
- The inner surface of the mold is lubricated with a special compound that prevents liquid stone from sticking to the formwork and table.
- The prepared composition is sprayed inside the mold - three times on the end parts and twice on a flat surface.
- After the start of polymerization, the form, previously reduced along the perimeter by 5-7 mm, is installed inside the formwork. A load is placed on it at the rate of 200 kg per 1 sq. ... Uncured mixture should protrude beyond the edges of the workpiece.
- The form is left for a day to harden the composition.
- After removing the formwork, mechanical processing of the product follows - elimination of streaks, irregularities, grinding and polishing.
As can be seen from the description of the technology, buying equipment for the production of artificial stone countertops does not require large sums of money. Jigsaw, router, grinder can be bought at any electrical store. To reduce the cost of manufacturing products, experts recommend using ready-made matrices for spraying instead of homemade blanks and templates. Their service life is about 10 years and can be used in mass production. The capabilities of the technology are very large. In addition to the fact that it is possible to select the color scheme of the product at the request of the client, it is possible to apply drawings, logos, and other images on the tabletop.
In Russia, the pet market today is not very saturated, and therefore it is quite attractive for business beginners.
Flexible stone appeared on the building materials market relatively recently. Its uniqueness and u.
Modern technologies do not bypass any sphere of the economy today. In construction, the trend is to use.
Modern and non-standard furniture manufacturing techniques are becoming more and more popular. For example, a table made of wood and epoxy resin can be an excellent alternative to conventional products. With the right approach, you can create real design things. This can be a great idea to start your own business. First of all, you need to figure out how to make a table out of epoxy resin and wood with your own hands and where to start.
Starting investments - from 100,000 rubles.
Market saturation - medium.
Difficulty starting a business - 4/10.
Features of wood and epoxy resin tables
Epoxy resin furniture is unique in appearance and transforms the home environment. The working surface of the table made of epoxy material has the following advantages:
Epoxy resin is a transparent substance with a 3 D effect. When solidified, this substance solidifies and retains the desired shape. Epoxy comes in a variety of states. Some are suitable for working flat surfaces. When dry, the composition retains its original volume. The advantage of the material is its price. Approximately 200-280 rubles per kg.
Varieties of epoxy resin tables
Various forms of wood can be used with epoxy. These can be saw cuts, board trimmings, logs and old wood. The design of the product can be supplemented with spruce branches, pebbles, shells, corks and coins.
The following design options are worth noting:
Tables - rivers were first invented by Greg Klassen, but the designer uses glass and black walnut as materials. Epoxy resin technology requires meticulousness and meticulousness.
How to make a table?
To make money on the manufacture of unusual tables, it is worth understanding what the technology of their production consists of. To make a table out of wood and epoxy, you need a base.
Today it is impossible to imagine your life without furniture. It serves as an indispensable element of comfort. That is why the business associated with the production of furniture will always be in demand, and in the future it will bring impressive income.
It should be said that today countertops are in great demand. The demand for them is higher than the supply. That is why, having mastered this business, it will be possible to receive quite good dividends over time, in addition, to occupy a niche in a market that is poorly saturated with competitors.
Types of countertops
The assortment list of these products is very wide. However, the best-selling ones due to their low prices are chipboard countertops and artificial stone countertops. The material for the first type of product is compressed sawdust. In this regard, the service life of such countertops is rather short. More common are products made of artificial stone. They are often referred to as acrylic. They are strong, durable and reliable.
Artificial stone is a very popular material. It is used not only for the manufacture of countertops. Acrylic material is great for sinks, bar counters and window sills. Countertops made of artificial stone are offered by almost every company that produces kitchen furniture.
However, most often the production of artificial stone countertops is the sphere of activity of medium and small entrepreneurs.
It is more profitable for large enterprises to order this product than to engage in equipment for their own workshop. In addition, the production of countertops made of artificial stone by its specificity will not be in demand with a large-scale production of products every day.
All these factors make it possible to judge the prospects of small business for the manufacture of acrylic products.
How to make artificial stone
Today, liquid (artificial) stone is increasingly used in modern construction. He is a kind of material. When decorating buildings and structures, facades and interiors in a modern style, it is in no way inferior to natural stone, and in some of its properties even surpasses it. This underlines the effectiveness of this material.
Practical, beautiful and durable enough, it has won the trust of consumers for a long time. Therefore, many citizens are wondering how to make a liquid stone. This will be discussed in more detail in this article.
Externally, artificial stone is very similar to natural. However, it is different to the touch, as it is warmer in comparison with the indicated material. This is an important feature of it. Items made of liquid stone have high quality and durability, as well as a number of advantages over items made from natural materials.
For example, artificial marble is more durable than natural marble. Also, it does not crack from the effects of negative external factors. And artificial granite will not be radioactive, which cannot be said about natural granite, which often has this, perhaps, the most serious drawback.
Initially, an artificial stone is a composite liquid mass of unsaturated polyester resins and a special filler. It hardens after adding reagents such as accelerators and hardeners. The mixture of this material resembles the composition of a sheet stone coating and in liquid form is a semi-finished product for any products made by casting or spraying. This is important to know.
For the manufacture of the specified material, you need: chemical resin, gelcoat, plasticine, hot melt glue, acetone, calcite, special fillers, pastes of the desired colors, fiberglass. A hardener is also needed, which will be added at the final stage. The composition of liquid stone is identical for almost all products. It will differ only in color and filler.
Liquid stone production technology