Own business: production of fences

Owners of various cottages, townhouses and just homeowners face some problems of individual design. The fact is that most projects of such buildings are created according to a certain template. Therefore, it is very difficult to stand out in any way among other similar buildings.

Decorative fences made of concrete come to the rescue of modern homeowners. These structures will not only help to fence off your property, but also to give the site individuality. And since the competition in this case is minimal, you can make good money on this. It is the production of fences that we will discuss in this article.

Demand

After all, forged products must be constantly painted, covered with protective enamel (against rust), and in extreme cases replaced due to various types of deformation.

Concrete decorative fences are more unpretentious to use and more durable in construction. The number of low-rise buildings is constantly increasing (at least in Russia). But, to the great surprise, the number of companies that provide services for the construction of concrete fences remains relatively small.

And those firms that are engaged in this business are working in a direction that is very different from the topic of this article. From all this, we can conclude that the market does not have enough narrowly focused manufacturers of decorative concrete fences.

Business Features

Many people are surprised at one very strange fact, namely why the production of fences does not attract large enterprises? It is impossible to answer this question unequivocally. Perhaps the owners of large companies do not see prospects in this business, or the overwhelming majority of firms are simply not satisfied with this work profile.

In any case, the lack of dominance of individual enterprises is even for the best. Due to the lack of large companies in this matter, customers have to turn to small manufacturers who do all the work by hand. And, as you know, the cost of such firms is clearly overstated. To establish a rapid rise, it is necessary to produce goods in large quantities, thereby reducing the cost of one unit of output. Of course, we must not forget about the quality of the buildings (more on this later).

Individual and Wholesales

One of the most difficult moments in the production of a decorative fence is the combination of mass production and individual features of each product. It is necessary to create the illusion of a personal approach to each client.

It's worth noting that most of them will be middle-class people trying to stand out. As you can see, there are enough difficulties in this business, so you need to carefully think over each step you take. Everything that was previously dealt only with the general aspects of this case. Now it's worth talking about production technology and special equipment.

The concept of the proposed production of fencing is based on the production of welded mesh from a metal bar with the further formation of V-shaped stiffeners. The welded mesh itself is made from a metal bar of various diameters.

Welded mesh for the future 3D fence is produced on universal welding gantries. On such portals, you can produce welded products for any purpose: from the simplest masonry mesh to specialized 3D fences. In view of the versatility of the equipment, an entrepreneur can count on the production of a wide range of products. Hence, increase the profitability of your enterprise.

Welding portals differ in the way they are automated; there are fully automatic and semi-automatic installations on the markets. They differ in price, production speed and initial set of options.

In automatic portals, all operations take place without the participation of the operator and additional equipment, usually everything is already included in the initial delivery. In semi-automatic gantries, there is a need to perform a number of operations by the operator of the installation; additional auxiliary equipment is also required for each type of new product. But, despite the differences, the general list of possible products welded in portals is the same for all their types.

In this article, hobiz. u will consider automatic lines. Despite the fact that the cost of equipment is much higher than that of semiautomatic devices. Because automatic lines are supplied on a turnkey basis and do not require additional investments. Therefore, it is possible to start production without delay, which is important for starting a business. Also, a distinctive feature is the ability to quickly change equipment for another type of product. These are undeniable advantages for any business.

Hobiz. u offers to watch a video of how 3D fences are produced using equipment from various companies.

The schematic diagram of the production of 3D fencing is common for any welding line. Pre-cut longitudinal and transverse rods are loaded into feed hoppers. The standard width of the intake module (welded mesh) is 2.5 meters (the length of the cross bars and the width of the portal working area), the height is up to 3 meters (the length of the longitudinal bars). Automatic lines equipped with a cutter can produce sections over 3 meters high. For an individual customer. However, it becomes difficult to deliver and install such a 3D fence. The dimensions of the fence cell depend on the tasks to be solved, which accordingly affects the number of required longitudinal and transverse bars. The latter is indicated in the welding program for a particular section of the fence.

Metal rods are fed to the work table, where they are stacked according to the program. After laying, the longitudinal bars are simultaneously welded to the cross bars. And so, step by step, the entire necessary section is boiled along the length. The result is a welded mesh - the basis of the future fence. After welding, the finished mesh is transferred to a hydraulic V-ribbed former. By the way, hobiz. u reminds that if you do not form stiffeners, then instead of a fence, a masonry mesh is obtained, for this the section must be cut into smaller parts. This is what distinguishes the versatility of the equipment. But since this business idea is about 3D fences, then you can't do without a molder.

After that, as the section is formed, the finished 3D fence module is sent for painting, galvanizing or any other process of protecting the fence surface from atmospheric influences. So, depending on the equipment, painting can be: polymer (PVC), piston, nanoceramic. Also, in this case, in the process of applying a protective coating, the color of the finished product is selected. Galvanizing, applying a protective composition based on zinc, gives the future fence a matte metal color. Most often, paint application is chosen. This is due to the fact that the process allows you to choose to make a fence of any color, which can solve certain landscape problems. Green - for installation in a green area, yellow or red - limiting and visible fences, for example, in industrial facilities. Etc.

Fasteners and support posts, the so-called fence piles, are produced using additional manual or automatic universal equipment. The pillars are made from a finished metal pipe of square or round cross-section by sawing on a band-sawing machine. With subsequent processing and painting.

The average cost of a finished production, which includes - a welding portal, a painting chamber, equipment for the production of fasteners, poles and warehouse supplies - from 10 million rubles.

3D fencing systems are widely used due to unique advantages: speed and relative ease of installation. Also, the disassembly speed is worth mentioning. For example, to move a fence. In addition, 3D fences have undeniable advantages over other mesh systems: durability, variety of color coatings, reliability, vandal resistance and strength.

Business Features

You can earn enough money not only by producing certain products, but also by providing services related to them. Installation of fences is an excellent example of this kind of activity. At present, the most popular are fences made of corrugated board. The material is inexpensive, durable, unpretentious in operation and wear-resistant.

The relevance of the service is primarily due to the fact that not everyone can do such a seemingly simple thing as build a fence. In fact, multiple problems arise: there is no necessary equipment, there are no skills, or a lack of time at all. In such a situation, clients are forced to contact specialized companies engaged in the installation of structures. Often, the installation of fences is carried out by companies that produce metal structures, but a special team can also be engaged in their installation.

The target audience in this case will be primarily the owners of summer cottages, residents of small settlements or the private sector of the city, as well as various partnerships that own suburban real estate. A clear definition of your customer segment will allow you to save enough money on promotion, as well as make it more effective at the same cost.

The disadvantages of such a business include two things: high competition and seasonality. The competitors of the assembly team will be primarily factories producing corrugated board. They, as a rule, have their own points of sale of products, as well as teams of workers involved in the installation. In addition, there are now a sufficient number of other similar teams of workers. Speaking of seasonality, it should be understood that the installation of fences coincides with the summer season - i.e. period from March to October. Therefore, an excellent solution would be to declare yourself before it starts, for example, in February. Starting a business in late fall will provide stagnation and costs for the entire winter.

Installation technology and work order

The first stage of work is the marking of the territory. The location of the gate, wicket, pillars, as well as the total perimeter of the fence and the required height are determined. This is necessary in order to purchase the required amount of consumables.

Next, support pillars are installed. They can have a square (5x5 cm) or round (7.6 cm diameter) section. The top hole should be welded to prevent moisture ingress. The pillars are buried in the ground to a depth of at least 120 cm. The bottom of each pit is covered with rubble. After installing the support, cement mortar is poured, which is kept for 3 days.

Then the transverse logs are installed, to which the corrugated board itself will be attached. Their cross section can be from 3 to 4 cm, and the number depends on the height of the fence. For example, a fence up to 1.7 m high involves the installation of 2 logs, and a fence from 1.7 to 2 m - already 3 logs. The upper and lower logs are installed at a distance of about 5 cm from the edge. The best mounting option is electric welding. In order to avoid the occurrence of rust, the pillars and logs are covered with a special anti-corrosion solution.

Finally, you can start installing the corrugated board itself. For its fastening, self-tapping screws are used for metal. The joints of the covering sheets are overlapped.

As a result, the resulting fence will protect from wind and excessive noise, as well as be wind-resistant and wear-resistant.

Sample Business Plan

Investments: from 2,000,000 rubles

Payback: from 24 months

Owners of their own houses, companies that own their own buildings, always fenced off their private territory. It's about calmness and a feeling of protection from prying eyes. One of the best fencing methods is decorative concrete fences.

Business Concept

A huge part of the buildings are built according to template designs, so they look the same. Concrete fences are a way to stand out, give an object its own style and personality. In addition, this is a good alternative to forged gratings: concrete is cheaper and does not need additional painting from plaque and rust.

It is clear that there is demand for the product and, moreover, it is constantly growing. But the "players" involved in the production of concrete fences can be counted on one hand. More often, fences are made according to an individual sketch as an addition to another product (slabs, blocks, etc.).

Large companies, it is not known why (perhaps they are not attracted to work on a small project), almost do not engage in this type of activity. Buyers have to pay extra for concrete fences due to the small number of offers.

When producing a large number of products, at a relatively low price and good quality, customers will come to you themselves.

Earnings are based on the manufacture of products to order or the implementation of standard designs. Clients are home owners with land plots, companies and others.

Implementation Requirements

First you need to rent or buy equipment:

  • vibrating table with 2 electric motors for forming concrete products;
  • concrete mixer;
  • vibrating sieve to sift components (sand, cement); <
  • set of molds;
  • pallets for drying poured products.

Manufacturing begins with sieving materials: bases for cement and sand. To do this, buy a vibrating sieve in advance - the amount depends on the expected volume of work. For in-line production, the minimum number of units is 4. For work on order, 2 pieces are enough.

The fence manufacturing and installation business is considered stable and promising. The customers of the fences are associations of real estate owners, owners of private houses and summer cottages, organizations and institutions. You can start your own business both with a “workshop in the garage” and with the construction of a plant, which depends on the financial capabilities of the entrepreneur. Moreover, the first profit will not be long in coming, since regardless of the type of fencing, it takes 3 to 5 days to complete the majority of standard orders.

Among the risks that a production owner should be ready for, the most urgent is the high level of competition in the niche, which requires compliance with high standards of product quality and a competent marketing policy. In addition, there is a seasonality of demand for fences. To "fight" it, it is necessary to properly organize the processes of interaction with suppliers of components and customers.

Business Organization

The production of fences and fences can be organized in several ways. As a rule, we are talking about self-directed "bumping" by searching for the optimal technology. In this case, it is desirable that the entrepreneur has at least minimal experience in the construction industry, since there is a risk of spending the available funds without making a profit.

Another option is to buy a package of ready-made drawings of fences and a description of the manufacturing process. Such offers are on the market. This will greatly facilitate the start of activities, but still will not provide an opportunity to completely eliminate errors at the first stage. It is optimal if the entrepreneur and his performers undergo technology training at an existing production facility.

Also, the market provides an opportunity to work on a franchise or buy an operating turnkey business. This will allow you to immediately make a profit, subject to the availability of qualified personnel. To optimize start-up costs, you can use the entrepreneurship support program to reimburse the costs of organizing a business, operating in most regions of the Russian Federation, or purchase equipment on lease.

Having decided on the scale and form of work, the entrepreneur needs to choose which fences to produce. The most popular today are mesh, concrete, forged and plastic fences. Each of the options has its own customer and can be successfully implemented. With sufficient start-up capital, it makes sense to think about the development of several areas at once, which will make it possible to reach a larger number of clients.

The production of decorative fences is often considered as an additional (or even the main) source of income. Fence elements can be produced both independently and purchased from third-party suppliers. In this case, the emphasis is on the services of a designer who selects an individual pattern, type and color of the fence. In addition, the specialist can provide landscape design services using elements (vases, herbalists, flower girls, figures, tiles) made at the enterprise and externally corresponding to the design of the fence.

You should also remember that along with the main line for the production of fences of the selected type, you will need special tools for installation - yamobur and pile driver, as well as freight transport for the delivery of raw materials and finished products.

Mesh fence production

Mesh (or modular) fences are steel lattice structures that are assembled from pre-fabricated sections. The most popular are mesh fences, as well as welded 3D fences. The latter are distinguished by their low weight, minimal windage, a significant margin of safety and ease of installation. The installation consists in driving in the posts using a hammering method and attaching the finished sections to them. Also, the structure can be mounted on a concrete base. These solutions are often used for fencing sports and construction sites, agricultural complexes, construction of aviaries and other structures.

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