Organization of its production of foam blocks
Before we start
The choice of technology and production volumes depends on the amount of start-up capital that you have. You can start working with a minimal amount and gradually grow into a large and modern production.
First, you need to study all the subtleties of the selected production technology. Despite the abundance of educational information on various methods of making foam blocks, there are many professional nuances. Experienced craftsmen are in no hurry to share them, therefore, you need to hire a qualified technologist. This person will select equipment, raw materials and control the production process.
The next step is to find suppliers of raw materials. Not only price is important, but also quality. The cost includes delivery, try to find suppliers as close as possible to your production.
Study the demand and competition in your area. This niche is not very saturated yet. The demand for foam blocks is constantly growing, and experts predict this trend will continue. But the situation with competition varies from region to region. You may need to consider moving.
Depending on the season. In winter, construction work is suspended. Risks are mitigated by contracts with wholesalers.
Failure to comply with technology threatens with very serious consequences. It is very important to control the quality of raw materials, monitor the production process and constantly work on the introduction of new technologies. This will allow you to survive in the market and not lose to competitors.
A room with an area of 60 m² or more is sufficient for production. But you have to choose depending on the planned production volumes. For a daily production of 30 m³, an area of 300 m² is required. When starting your search for a room, you need to know what kind of equipment you plan to purchase. The technical documentation contains certain requirements for the production area.
There should be a warehouse and a large area near the premises for storing finished foam blocks and raw materials. Operation requires reliable electrical wiring and efficient ventilation.
As you know, nowadays "simple" concrete, i. without various additives and additives that improve its properties, it is practically not used. Various additions change and improve the structural performance of concrete blocks and make them suitable for use in a wide variety of structures. Therefore, the topic of the production of foam and aerated concrete is relevant.
First of all, concrete blocks require high levels of thermal insulation and soundproofing. Sometimes the production of such concrete blocks is successfully combined with other industries and waste from them is used - for example, expanded clay, foam, mineral wool, wood and even various slags are added to concrete before pouring into block forms. This leads to the formation of concrete blocks with new properties - for example, buildings built from them lose less heat in winter and do not overheat in summer; in addition, by reducing the specific weight, the load on the foundation, etc., is significantly reduced.
But combining two industries at the same time - for example, a sawmill and a cement plant - is actually quite difficult. Therefore, in the construction industry, special foam or gas is used for the production of aerated concrete.
Hence the name of two materials that are in great demand at present: aerated concrete and foam concrete.
How are aerated concrete and foam concrete produced?
Aerated concrete is produced by introducing special substances into the cement slurry, causing the process of gas formation, or simply emitting gas during a certain chemical reaction. The main component in this case is aluminum powder, which reacts with the products released during cement hydration. From the point of view of chemistry, hydrogen is released, causing the process of pore formation in the cement slurry. Visually, it looks like dough after yeast has been added to it. The cement mass begins to increase in volume and after it hardens, porous concrete is obtained.
Foam concrete is produced by mixing cement mortar with special foam prepared in advance. In this case, foam bubbles, which contain air, are evenly distributed throughout the entire volume of the mixture. The effect of porosity, like the previous material, remains after solidification.
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At different times and to this day, the technology of building walls has practically not been subject to changes. Stones, bricks, wood, clay, concrete - all this formed the basis of the house and always reliably protected the interior of the premises from bad weather and heat. But technology never stands still, and thus, by the twenty-first century, an improved concrete prototype, the foam block, was developed.
Developers actively use this material for low-rise buildings, because foam concrete is almost a unique building element. Moreover, the production of foam blocks is now widely available at home. Therefore, many people actively use this, and thus earn their living and not only.
Complete absence of moisture condensation, fire safety, sound insulation, excellent heat retention in comparison with even denser materials, ease of installation (they are easy to create, cut, drill, and, moreover, are lightweight), continuous savings in production and transportation ... And these are just a few of the characteristic advantages of foam concrete. As you can see for yourself, this porous concrete material is a small miracle of the modern construction industry. And on this very miracle, many people earn money, because this requires only initiative and not too much start-up capital.
In this article we will tell you about what is needed for the production of foam blocks, talk about the profitability of this type of business in monetary terms, and also describe the numerous subtleties of the technology for the production of foam blocks at home.
Is such an event profitable? And how to properly organize your "foam business"?
Let's just say that foam concrete also has its drawback, which is low strength and low resistance. It is for this reason, as you may have noticed above, that it is not used for constructing a building with more than three floors, as well as as a load-bearing wall. However, this does not in the least detract from the merits of this material. But why is the production of foam blocks profitable? Let's try to figure it out.
To be honest, the demand for the material is growing stronger every year. Nowadays, they prefer to build super-fast, with practically no apparent cost. And foam concrete building material can give all this with ease. This means that the competition in this case is also high. If you are going to organize the production of foam blocks at home, know that with the correct organization of the case, profit will flow into your wallet in 8-9 months.
To sell your production, you need to rent a warm production facility. This room should be sufficient in size to accommodate production, storage of materials and finished products.
However, in the production of foam blocks, although profitability is undeniable, ideally you should find customers before the production of the first batch. You can do this using:
- construction markets and organizations;
- on-line services and forums;
- newspaper advertisements;
- use advertising. If you live in any regional center, as an option, place an enticing banner advertisement near the roadway.
You need to start a business in a certain season. For the active sale of foam concrete, it is spring. It is during this time of year that people begin to move from building plans to implementing them.
If you want to earn a lot on foam concrete, and at the same time not be in eternal search for a client, the production of foam concrete blocks should be combined with private construction. In this business, finding clients is much easier. In any case, even after some time, think about expanding your mini-business.
Financial model of foam block production
Brief Investment Memorandum
Foam blocks are one of the most popular building materials. This is due to a number of factors. Firstly, this is a high demand from construction organizations that use foam blocks as a heater, as well as in the form of a bearing wall structure for low-rise buildings (cottages). Secondly, these are high performance characteristics, which include lightness, quick installation, high quality for keeping heat inside the room, and others. All this is reflected in the high demand from buyers. At the same time, the payback period for such a project is about 17 months. The break-even point is 3 months.
In order to start the production of foam blocks, you will need to find a production facility. The most attractive places for this will be areas outside the city with good transport accessibility, where heavy vehicles can reach. This way you can avoid problems with local residents in case of opening a production in the city, as well as save on rent. The required production area is 500 m2.
In addition to the production facility, you will need to hire 9 people.
The capacity of this production will be about 550 m3 of foam block per month. At the same time, on average, about 400m3 will be sold per month. The average price of 1 m3 is about 1,500 rubles. In this case, the share of material costs for sand, cement, water, foam and other chemical additives is 60%. With these operating indicators, the financial parameters will be as follows:
Description of business, product or service
The production of foam blocks is one of the most profitable types of business for the production of building materials. This business is characterized by a minimum entrance threshold, compared to other types of business, a high and stable demand for products, as well as a simple production technology.
The most important factor in the production of foam blocks, which will determine the cost and quality of products, is technology.
Today, the following technologies are used in the production of foam blocks:
- Technology using a foam generator
Foam concrete has not left the first lines of the rating among the materials intended for the construction of buildings for a long time. The demand for it is only growing, and the indicators are constantly increasing due to high competition.
However, the latter does not at all discourage representatives of small and medium-sized businesses from the idea of setting up their own production. Moreover, there are more and more applicants every year.
However, many do not know where to start? What is the production of aerated concrete, and what are the risks and potential revenues? Therefore, in this article we will look for answers to these questions.
So, foam concrete: a business plan for the formation of your own company for the production of material.
Why do business representatives prefer foam concrete production?
As already mentioned, both entrepreneurs and organizations are increasingly paying attention to this particular area of activity.
You ask why? The answer is simple: it all lies in the high demand for products. And demand depends on the high quality of products, their advantages over competitors, as well as the corresponding characteristics, which are most important in the construction of a building.
Material advantages and main disadvantages
Foam concrete is distinguished by a large number of advantages that brought it such popularity. Therefore, when starting production, you should definitely familiarize yourself with this well-deserved list. Let's apply the table.
Business plan for the production of foam concrete: analysis of the positive characteristics of the material as a factor that determines the demand among consumers:
The minimum value for dry products is 0.08 W / ms, the maximum is 0.34.
Of course, the finished wall will have higher values due to a number of factors. These are: moisture, cold bridges and so on, however, the structure can still be called warm, especially if it is additionally insulated.
For partitions, the frost resistance brand, or rather, its minimum threshold has not been established. Also, the least durable products intended for thermal insulation are not standardized.