Mixed feed production as a business: features, technology and reviews
Based on this, the production of compound feed can be a very profitable business.
In this article we will consider a typical project of such a case, which will require the required minimum costs. If you find a more or less reliable sales market, then you will definitely not suffer from the lack of orders.
What is this?
Combined feed (compound feed) - a product that is intended specifically for feeding pets or poultry. The basis is grain or herbal flour, meat and bone or fish meal is used as protein supplements, and specialized additives are introduced into its composition to provide the livestock body with all the necessary trace elements and vitamins.
What is this type of feed for?
If you are far from agriculture, then you are guaranteed to have this question. Isn't it easier to feed animals or poultry with their natural food? No, given the current intensification of agriculture, this approach is unreasonably expensive. In addition, the same cattle (cattle) are now kept in large agricultural complexes.
Most often, animals do not even graze, and therefore strictly balanced feed is needed to maintain their productivity and physical condition in order. They can only be provided by a well-established production of compound feed.
That is why farmers are very interested in quality products of this kind. They know perfectly well that it is not worth saving on them, as this can be fraught with a complete loss of profit. In short, if you set up production in any agricultural region, you will have a real gold mine at your complete disposal!
What is the range of compound feeds?
Oddly enough, but the range of special-purpose feeds is huge, there are separate recipes not only for different species of animals, but also for age and gender groups. In addition, there are separate feeds for pregnant, old and young animals, for groups of different food orientations (downy or meat rabbits, for example).
Division of compound feed by nutritional value
Mixed feed production as a business will be a profitable enterprise only if everything is organized correctly. The agricultural industry today presents many opportunities. The constant growth of farms makes their maintenance services in demand. People who keep a large number of livestock always need nutritious and balanced animal feed. Therefore, compound feed production is one of the most successful business formats.
The main advantage of this area is simplicity and ease of marketing. Farms often lack fodder, so even a novice entrepreneur has every chance to gain a foothold in this industry. In this review, we will consider what is the production of compound feed as a business, the features of this area. In addition, we will draw up a rough plan.
Despite the fact that agricultural fodder today is an extremely popular commodity, a beginner in this business will definitely have to take into account the requirements of customers. Experienced farmers will never buy low quality feed. It is imperative that the product you produce is balanced. It must contain all the trace elements and vitamins necessary for the animal's body. Only in this case will the livestock be healthy. To do this, it is not at all necessary to adhere to ready-made recipes. You can easily create new varieties of food. This diversity will attract new customers.
What is the production of compound feed as a business? The plan of this enterprise must necessarily include such an important item as raw materials. Typically, entrepreneurs use legumes and cereals for production. Also, in some cases, hybrid varieties can be used. The production of compound feed will give regular profit only if you start to make quality products. The farmer can easily determine how balanced the food is. They very often refuse cheap products that are poor in composition in favor of more expensive, high content of natural protein, trace elements, vitamins and other useful trace elements. If an entrepreneur can create a really good feed recipe, his products will always be in demand.
How profitable is the production of compound feed at home? Of course, the highest profits are shown by enterprises with large-scale production of raw materials. However, in order to open such a business, rather large investments will be required - from 2 million rubles. But small entrepreneurs also have a right to exist. Of course, their level of profitability will be much more modest.
Before starting the production of compound feed as a business, you need to think about the distribution channels for the finished product. Typically, entrepreneurs in this area work with consumers such as nurseries, farms, zoos and individuals. To prevent the products from storing in warehouses, most of them should be sold to wholesale customers. For this, it is recommended to conclude supply agreements at the initial stage of business. You can also try offering your services to government agencies. However, the most promising buyers are private farms. First, they are interested in buying a quality product, and secondly, they are willing to pay a high price for the product.
Types of compound feed
What are they? How to start a compound feed business? Let's define that granular raw materials can be used for preparing feed for various animals and birds. Usually cereals are the main ingredient. In order for the composition to contribute to the growth of livestock, additional nutritional protein supplements must be added to it. In addition, vitamins E, A and D must be included. The feed also includes trace elements, amino acids. For individuals of different ages, the composition of the raw material may differ. Basically, the concentration of biologically active substances will change.
Investments: from 580,000 rubles
Payback: 1 year
Compound feed is a mixture for feeding animals and birds in agricultural holdings. There are many ways to make such products. But in the composition, most often the same types of raw materials - in different proportions and various additives. We will learn how to make money on the production of compound feed, what initial investments will be required and how quickly they will pay off.
When creating a business plan, please note that feed is manufactured in accordance with the recommendations of veterinarians and based on studies of the effect of feed additives on the characteristics of livestock products. But one condition is always unchanged - nutritional balance.
Before starting large-scale production, it is necessary to establish distribution channels: agree on supplies with individuals or organizations. Probable buyers:
- breeding nurseries;
- zoological parks;
It is most profitable to produce complete ration mixed feed for poultry - the demand for it is greater. Concentrates and mineral additives give a good profit. But pig feed is becoming more popular with the development of this livestock industry.
It is better to sell products in large wholesale lots to specific customers.
Selling to resellers is unprofitable as they offer low prices in order to gain more on the margin when retailing to farmers.
Mixed feed production can become a profitable business, provided that the manufacturer produces a high-quality and affordable product, and also has a wide sales market.
Combined feed is a feed mixture based on grain raw materials of cereals: oats, barley, wheat. Also in the composition of feed there are many other components:
- legume seeds;
- sunflower seeds;
- corn seeds;
- grass flour, fish, meat and bone;
- starch and treacle raw materials;
- protein-vitamin complexes and premixes.
Compound feed is a full-fledged diet for farm animals and poultry, which has led to its demand not only for small farms, but also for large agricultural producers raising cattle, pigs and poultry in livestock complexes and poultry farms.
In order to raise animals in a short time for a breeding or for fattening, they should be given high-quality, vitamin and protein-enriched feed. Therefore, it is always in great demand in large quantities. Thus, despite the competition, the compound feed business has great prospects for development. Its advantages are:
- constant demand for products;
- business accessibility, which does not require special knowledge and skills;
- average capital investments, their optimal ratio to profit, which contributes to a quick recoupment of the money spent on organizing a business;
- competent business management. Production of a quality product makes it possible to compete with other manufacturers, gaining a foothold in the feed market;
- good prospects for development. With a small start-up capital, in a short time, a business can grow into a larger business, combining the production of compound feed with another production;
- the sales market never decreases to critical indicators. Currently, there is a tendency to its growth, as the production of domestic meat products is growing.
While there are many advantages, the feed business also has disadvantages:
- rather expensive equipment;
- possible disruptions in the supply of raw materials;
- possible risks of supplying low-quality raw materials.
Types of compound feed, areas of use, potential buyers
The main criterion for any type of compound feed is the observance of strictly maintained proportions in its composition, since it should be a full substitute for the natural diet of animals. The classification of compound feeds is based on different criteria: by nutritional value, by product form, by nutritional purpose. Differences in nutritional value are manifested in the composition of feed:
- compound feed concentrates, which are the basis of the diet of animals, but not the only source of food. It contains a large amount of protein, microelements and minerals;
- dietary supplements, they provide animals with microelements, vitamins and other substances;
- a complete rationed feed, which is a complete replacement for the natural food of animals.
Classification according to the shape of the manufactured products looks like this:
- placer fractions of different grinding. They look like powder. Their disadvantage is the formation of lumps at high humidity during transportation. This deteriorates the quality characteristics of the product and its demand in the sales market;
- granules of various shapes and sizes. This type of feed is most popular because it is convenient for transportation, storage and feeding to animals;
- briquettes are rectangular or square tiles. In this form, feeds are produced in smaller volumes, since they are not very convenient to prepare, requiring more time and special equipment.
Differences in feeds in relation to a particular type of animal, their age and purpose can be explained by the fact that animals for breeding purposes require feed with a different composition than for animals intended for fattening. They also differ in composition of feed for cattle from feed for rabbits or poultry.
Combined feed is also used as animal feed in zoos, nature reserves, nurseries, zoological farms, private and private farms. In most cases, these are bulk purchases, most often on a contractual basis.
Mixed feed production technology
The structure of even a small mini-factory provides for basic and additional processes. The main ones are directly related to the production of products. Additional processes are work on the transportation and acceptance of raw materials, their placement and storage. This also includes work related to the shipment of finished products, their storage and processing of production waste.
Today, individual entrepreneurship in the countryside is an important part of the development of the agricultural sector as a whole. More and more people are starting to grow cows, pigs, rabbits and poultry, which, in turn, requires adherence to certain technologies. If we talk about feeding, then the increase in meat is ensured through the use of compound feed - a mixture of various cereals and other ingredients, which, due to its structure and composition, ensures good digestibility and is more nutritious than conventional feed. The demand for such products is consistently high. However, many rural entrepreneurs note that the quality of factory feed is rather a matter of luck than a 100% guarantee. Many of them would prefer to buy such products from trusted people involved in the production of food at home. Investment in such home production is relatively low, and the prospects for development are huge. Perhaps, over time, you will be able to develop your small business into a full-fledged production line.
The first thing an entrepreneur should remember is the compound feed recipe. She is essential in this business. There are more than a hundred types of different raw materials that can be used for the production of animal and poultry feed. The basis of such feeds is fiber (due to its unique structure, it easily swells and absorbs fluids, increasing in volume in the body and improving digestibility), i.e. cereals. The percentage of its content will be as follows: 30-35% for rabbits, 15-20% for pigs, 20-25% for cows, 10-15% for chickens. However, all proportions, list and amount of ingredients will depend on the specific recipe.
Most often used for the production of compound feed:
- Cereals: barley, corn, wheat, oats, beans;
- Hay, straw and cake;
- Fish, grass, meat and bone flour;
- Molasses, hydrol;
- Chemical additives: various vitamins, antibiotics, trace elements;
- Salt, honey, water, sunflower oil.
Below you can also see the lists of the main ingredients of compound feed for rabbits, pigs, chickens, cows.
- Barley - 25%;
- Wheat bran - 5%;
- Corn - 15%;
- Herbal flour - 35%;
- Sunflower meal - 20%.
- Corn - 20%;
- Wheat - 10%;
- Salt - 0.2%;
- Barley - 20%;
- Sunflower meal - 30%.
5.5 kilograms of such compound feed gives 1 kilogram of meat (if we are talking about ordinary feed, you will need 7 kilograms).
- Wheat - 25%;
- Corn - 17%;
- Grass flour - 15%;
- Shell rock - 3%;
- Barley - 25%;
- Sunflower meal - 15%.
- Barley - 20%;
- Wheat bran - 15%;
- Grass flour - 25%;
- Corn - 15%;
- Sunflower meal - 25%;
- Salt - 0.5%.