Mini production for small business
Opening a business for the production of glass: business plan of the company, equipment for glass production, types and types of products, sales market, investment attractiveness, prospects and return on business.
For more than 5,000 years, glass has been used in all spheres of human life, but it gained the greatest functionality and popularity at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries.
This is due to the fact that the industry began to use new technologies, which significantly reduced the cost of manufacturing and, subsequently, made glassware available to the mass consumer.
In the 21st century, glass is used everywhere - triplexes in the assembly of cars, tempered in the manufacture of glass containers, quartz in the manufacture of bijouterie and laboratory glassware, energy-saving - in double-glazed windows.
This list will go on forever, which is really there - in the modern world, the role of glass products can hardly be overestimated. But, since we started talking about glass production, it is worth talking about how to benefit from it ...
- It is important to know: The glass production business is an extremely expensive business project, on average, the purchase of used equipment will cost an entrepreneur at least 60-70 million rubles, while the total investment can reach 200 million rubles.
Because of this, many businessmen prefer to start with a simpler and more affordable option - a mini-factory for processing glass containers, or open their own small workshop for the production of souvenir and decorative glass products.
Development prospects and market specifics
The glass industry in Russia is represented by 12 factories, which own 86% of the total Russian market. This means that the glass business is divided between a dozen large domestic and foreign companies.
If we talk about the structure of the market, then domestic production significantly exceeds exports: the volume of imports is 6.7 times less, while in 2021 the trade balance was positive and amounted to 31.4 million square meters of sheet glass ...
Like other countries with developed industry, Russia exports glass products to neighboring states, in 2021 most of the products were purchased by Ukraine (28%) and China (7.6%).
For many people, the word factory is associated with huge workshops, smoke and tall chimneys. But that has long been in the past. Of course, giant factories are operating and being built, producing oil platforms, ocean-going ships, turbines and steel. But a huge mass of products that we use in everyday life are produced in mini-factories. If only the state or a powerful corporation can build a giant plant, then a small group of people or even one person can create a mini-production for a small business. You don't always need to have a lot of capital to start with. Recall that the automotive industry and television began as small workshops. Mini-factories in Russia are a rapidly growing business.
Investing in these industries ensures quick return on investment as well as high profit margins.
What is a mini-factory, in which industries is it most profitable? A mini-factory is an enterprise that employs from a few people to several dozen workers. What are the benefits of mini factories for small businesses?
Let's look at everything in order
If you decide to create a mini-plant, then the first task is to determine the area of activity in which you intend to work.
There can be no universal solutions. It all depends on the region in which you are located, the availability of raw materials, start-up funds, market situation, etc. However, you can list some areas in which mini-workshops for small businesses are successfully operating. So let's take a look at some small business manufacturing business ideas.
- Production of building materials. In Russia there are already many mini-factories for the production of bricks, concrete blocks, paving slabs, foam concrete blocks, etc. But this market is not yet saturated enough. There are regions, especially remote from the center, in which there is a shortage of such materials.
- Food production. These are mini-bakeries, the production of dairy products, sausages, exclusive confectionery, soft drinks, dried fruits, etc. It all depends on your small production idea.
- Household and plastic products. Here you can fully implement your ideas and ideas. One good idea can make you a millionaire. Remember the Rubik's cube. Kitchen appliances, original appliances that make the housewife's work easier, even souvenirs can be the start of a mini-workshop for a family business.
- Household chemicals, auto chemicals, cosmetics. The investment is very low and the payback is very fast. However, it should be borne in mind that the market in this area is very saturated with goods of various price categories.
- Recycling of waste plastics and waste paper. This type of activity is in high demand, but requires licensing and permits from fire and sanitary services.
- Manufacture of metal products. Foundry as well as blacksmithing is easy to organize in limited areas. Production requires experience and sufficient qualifications.
Before starting the construction of a mini-factory, it is necessary to conduct a thorough market research of the products that you intend to produce. It is best to start with products that are familiar to you. It is very important to assess the sources and reliability of supply of raw materials, as well as the costs of marketing products. Assess your real financial capabilities. Indeed, in any work there can be disruptions and temporary failures. Make a business plan. When drawing up a business plan, take into account the cost of renting production space (if you do not have your own), transportation costs and repairs.
Consider drawing up a short business plan for the construction and operation of a mini-plant for the production of foam concrete blocks.
Analysis of the situation on the building materials market showed that intensive construction of low-rise buildings and cottages is underway in our region. There is no production of heat-insulating and structural foam concrete in our region. There is a cement plant, a sand pit, and metallurgical slag dumps nearby. A decision was made to build a mini-plant for the production of foam concrete blocks with a capacity of 10 m3 per shift. The average selling price of foam blocks of various brands is 2400 rubles / m3.
They make it possible with a small investment to make a profit in the shortest possible time. In modern society, it is not so profitable to provide services to the population as to produce competitive products.
In addition, large industrial equipment will require significant expenses for its acquisition, you will have to invest in renting an area for its placement, hiring a large number of workers. A large business is associated with huge financial risks, so it is worth trying yourself in developing your own business, starting with a small-scale production, and a mini-factory with mini-machines for home production is perfect for this role.
The use of resource-saving low-waste technologies by small businesses can significantly reduce production costs and increase profitability.
Energy saving is laid down at the equipment design stage, being an integral part of a highly profitable business project.
Scope of mini-factories production
But the most demanded specialists consider the production of food products, building materials and hardware products.
When the direction in which the entrepreneur is ready to work is determined, you need to pay attention to the equipment manufacturer.
If in the nineties small business gave preference to used lines and machine tools produced by Western firms, today more than 2/3 of mini-factories are purchased in China. Indeed, mini machines for home production from China produce everything: from equipment for the production of foam blocks, paving slabs to equipment for hardware products.
Examples of mini-factories with description
Mini concrete batching plant on wheels
Modern construction is unthinkable without the use of concrete, most of the construction projects are built with its use.
By purchasing a mobile concrete production plant, an entrepreneur eliminates the problems that will inevitably arise in cooperation with third-party concrete mix manufacturers. Mobile concrete mini-plants are an economical, versatile, and most importantly, a very profitable solution.
Mini concrete batching plant on wheels
The main feature of mini-factories is that they are already a complete complex at once, including the latest equipment, which can start working at any time. To organize such a business, only land owned or leased is required. By purchasing a mini-factory, you can immediately start production, respectively, and the return will go faster. In addition, there is no need to look for large land plots for a plant, since a fairly small area. It seems impossible, but in a small room it is quite possible to carry out the production of various goods or the processing of raw materials.
Mini-factories for production
Various production can be organized at mini-factories:
A mini-plant for processing plastic bottles is beneficial not only from an economic point of view, but also from an environmental point of view. And from recycled bottles, you can produce the same bottles, which are the main container for filling various drinks, from which flex is made. Flex is a recyclable material for the production of chemical fiber. That is, plastic bottles can be used an infinite number of times. The mini-plastic recycling plant is mobile, placed in a small container, which can be transported without problems. The plant will be able to produce 0.25 tons of raw materials per hour.
The mini-plant for the production of toilet paper consists of three parts - a part for preparing the pulp, the paper-making equipment itself and the third part for the final processing of paper. That is, completely sanitary and hygienic toilet paper can be produced from recyclable materials and waste paper. The productivity of the mini-plant is up to 2021 kg of raw materials per day.
By installing at least one mini-waste recycling plant at each landfill, you can recycle up to 95% of garbage and then dispose of it in an environmentally friendly manner. It is quick to install, easy to use, and requires a minimum of personnel to service.
For villages and farms
Mini alcohol factories are capable of producing any alcoholic product, from vodka to whiskey, cognac, liqueurs, of the highest quality, and all this is possible even at home. You can read a guide on how to check and renew alcohol licenses here.
For most people, the word "plant" gives rise to associations with giant factories, of which a lot were built during the Soviet Union.
As a rule, a large number of people worked there and bulky equipment was used.
Currently, such factories are unprofitable, as they require large investments in the maintenance and modernization of equipment.
They are increasingly being replaced by mini-factories, which can compete in many industries, and the opening of a mini-factory is a rather promising business idea for starting a business.
And most importantly, even a novice entrepreneur can create a mini-plant.
Benefits of mini-factories
Mini-factories have a number of advantages:
- Mobility. The design of such a plant is very simple. It is easy to assemble. The plant can be located in a small area. If necessary, it can also be easily disassembled and moved to another location.
- Economy. Allows you to save on the purchase of equipment. Savings on wages thanks to a small workforce.
- High efficiency. The use of technologies and resources that are different from the traditional ones used in most enterprises.
- Environmentally friendly. Very often, mini-factories use secondary raw materials or process industrial and household waste.
- Exclusivity. The ability to produce exclusive goods, as opposed to mass-produced goods.
When creating a mini-plant, there is a high probability of receiving a subsidy from the state. Especially if the plans are to purchase equipment that would be socially significant.
This also applies to those factories whose activities are aimed at processing waste, which, in turn, improves the environment in the area.
Some entrepreneurs started their activities with the organization of a mini-factory in the garage.
The most common mini-factories