How to start an alcohol business
How to become a successful businessman? It is enough to invest in a profitable business. Moonshine is always in demand among the population, and currently the elite does not disdain it. How to turn home brewing into a business is detailed below.
Making a product at home for self-consumption is considered legal. Its volume should not exceed 5 liters per day, or 2021 liters per year. However, the recorded process of selling through a test purchase is punishable by law. You can attract the seller to 2 types of responsibility:
Upon the established violation, the citizen is subject to a fine of 1,500 thousand rubles with complete withdrawal of the product and apparatus. When prosecuted, a real prison term is threatened, depending on the degree of damage caused. For example, a large-scale production of alcohol, with a volume of more than 2021 liters per year.
Important! If the transfer of the product was made for exchange or an oral donation agreement or for the purpose of commercial gain, the citizen cannot be recognized as a violator.
Moonshine can be sold legally. For this, the person must be recognized as a farmer or individual entrepreneur and have a license to market the product.
Legalization of business, taking into account all duties and taxes, will cost about 15-20 million rubles. To obtain a license, you must provide a full package of documents to the Rospotrebnadzor authorities, which indicate the fulfillment of a number of points:
- Go through the procedure for registering the status of OJSC, LLC, CJSC, which will allow you to engage in the sale and manufacture of alcoholic beverages. You can leave a request on the official website of "Gosuslugi".
- Equip a special laboratory for technological and chemical product control. It is also not prohibited to conclude an agreement with a third-party control laboratory.
- Arrange a lease for at least a year, or purchase a production facility with a warehouse for storage.
- Issue a certificate or a certificate of conformity for a moonshine still. This can be done at any certification authority. The main condition is that the apparatus must have a volume of more than 200 decaliters.
- Equip the equipment with a means of automatically recording the volume and concentration of anhydrous alcohol in the product.
A detailed list and sample of documents can be found on the official website of the PAP.
Purchase of raw materials
A liter of moonshine costs about 80-150 rubles. To make it, you only need 3 ingredients, which are available at the grocery store.
It is recommended to use settled drinking water passed through a carbon filter or artesian.
Everything seems to be smooth. In reality, everything is much more complicated. The production of ethyl alcohol, which is just used in the manufacture of alcoholic beverages, is such a "tasty morsel" that brings in huge profits that large manufacturers who have been working in this market for decades and have good "tricks" will not give you to enter this business just like that. in the appropriate structures.
However, you can work quite calmly until a certain moment, until the volume of production exceeds the level when your mini-alcohol plant does not turn from a small enterprise into a serious threat to competition. These are the realities of today, which you are unlikely to be told in other sources.
But! First, as the great commander Suvorov said: "The courage of the city takes", that is. if you take a fairly tough position, in the future you can still reach a fairly high profit threshold and promote your brand. And secondly, there are also positive aspects, which are that alcohol production will still allow you to earn your first million dollars. Of course, if everything is done correctly.
What is alcohol?
For the majority of ordinary people, especially those who use this very alcohol for "internal wiping", alcohol is divided into food and technical. Although, as you should know from the media, the difference between them has almost ceased to be noticed recently, and poisoning with low-quality alcohol occurs more and more often.
A product for technical purposes is produced from oil products and wood waste (sawdust) by acid hydrolysis of raw materials. The categories of edible alcohol differ in the degree of purification - rectification. Accordingly, the higher the level of purification, the less impurities in the product, and the higher its cost.
Edible ethyl alcohol is also classified into types according to the raw materials from which it is prepared. Each type of alcohol is intended for the manufacture of certain types of alcoholic beverages:
- From grain (rye, wheat, barley, etc.) .) - for the production of vodka and whiskey
- From grapes - for brandy
- From fruits (pears and apples, berries and fruits with large seeds inside, berries and fruits with small seeds) <
- From cane - for rum and cachaza
- From agave - Mexican cactus - for tequila and sotola production
- With the addition of vegetable flavors - for the production of gin and absinthe
Of course, winemakers regularly experiment with the production of alcohol and alcohol, so the composition of alcoholic drinks indicated on the bottle may differ from the given data. It should be noted that the production of methyl alcohol is somewhat simpler than the production of ethyl alcohol in terms of the requirements. back to contents ↑
GOST standards for alcohol
Alcohol production must be carried out in strict accordance with GOSTs, which regulate the composition, manufacturing method, and other requirements for the product:
- GOST R 51652-2021 - for rectified edible alcohol (grade "Alpha "," Lux "," Extra ", alcohol of the highest purity, alcohol of the first class, etc.)
- GOST R 51999-2021 - for denatured and synthetic ethyl alcohol used in the production of paints and varnishes, perfumery, etc. (grades "A" and "B" of the highest and first grade)
- GOST 18300-87 - for technical ethyl alcohol (grade "Extra", first and second grade)
Before embarking on a project for the production of alcohol, it is necessary to clearly define what type of product you will be producing. To do this, you need to:
- conduct a comprehensive analysis of the demand for each type of alcohol in your region
- find potential wholesale buyers of products
- find channels for the supply of raw materials
- and much more
Agree, it would be stupid if you install a plant, purchase equipment, and "stumble" on the search for raw materials and distribution channels, isn't it? Therefore, all this should be reflected in detail in the business plan of the future project. Read here how to draw up a business plan for an alcohol production company yourself. back to contents ↑
Raw materials for production and supply channels
Still relatively recently, the production of alcohol - both food and technical - was one of the state monopolies. At present, this situation has changed: now anyone who wishes can engage in the production of alcohol, of course, subject to the payment of a special excise tax and state control of the quality of the products produced. Alcohol production can be quite a profitable business, which, however, requires constant monitoring and competent management.
However, before starting your own production of such specific products as alcohol, you should carefully study such important issues as supply and distribution, as well as what type of alcohol (technical or drinking) you intend to produce.
Only after considering these questions and carefully weighing the answers to them, having studied the conjuncture of the alcohol market in your region, you can start a business (or, in a bad scenario, abandon it).
Supply issues in alcohol production
The most important question that needs to be resolved before starting the production of alcohol is what raw materials you are going to use for this. As you know, for the production of alcohol by distillation, etc. mash, or, simply put, distillation, requires raw materials: any sugar - or starch-containing product - usually raw sugar (or molasses), wheat (or rice, corn), apples (as well as grapes, any fruits, etc.) , sugar beets (or potatoes, other root vegetables and vegetables). You can also use pure starch.
As you can see, the "assortment" is great. And it increases even more if you use substandard raw materials: rotten fruits, frozen potatoes, etc. But the main condition for the production of alcohol is that it is possible to ensure a constant and uninterrupted supply of the plant with cheap, preferably local, raw materials.
Do not forget that different raw materials at the exit give different amounts of alcohol - for sugar, the productivity is, of course, maximum: about 5.5 liters per 10 kg of raw materials; for wheat and molasses approximately equal - about 3 liters; and even less for sugar beets, apples and other fruit and berry and vegetable crops - 1 liter or less.
What business is worth starting in a crisis?
Minimum investment. Fast payback. High demand. Does not require premises and staff. 2 days to launch. Choosing an openbusiness portal. u.
So supplying, for example, molasses and production wastes from a local sugar factory is one thing, a sugar factory of even the most modest sizes and production volumes is quite capable of providing alcohol; But if the basis of supply is apples or beets, then the number and capabilities of suppliers must be carefully studied - with ill-considered actions, you risk that the capacity of your plant will simply be idle due to a lack of raw materials.
Among other things, you should use several sources of raw materials at the same time, i.e. diversify supplies. In principle, during distillation, it is completely unimportant what the brew is made of, especially for industrial alcohol and whether the different components are mixed. However, if you produce drinking alcohol, especially the category above "Extra", mixing the brews is unacceptable - they must be one-piece.
For the population of our country, alcoholic beverages are an integral attribute of any feast. And so that it will be remembered for many years, accompanied by fun and continuous conversations, the guests, as well as the organizers of the feast, drink this strong alcoholic drink. Realizing that vodka is considered almost a national product, many people think about how to open a distillery. There are practically no worthy competitors in the domestic market in this segment. Therefore, you can safely organize a vodka business.
Registration of an enterprise for the production of alcoholic beverages
- Business needs to be given an organizational and legal form - a legal entity or an individual entrepreneur. When it is planned to produce alcoholic beverages within a medium or small business, a simplified tax regime would be an ideal option;
- When registering an enterprise, indicate the code "OKVED 15. 1" - production of distilled alcoholic beverages;
- The strong drinks business is subject to compulsory licensing. A license can be obtained by submitting a full package of necessary documents to the relevant authorities and paying a state fee;
- You will need to issue a declaration, as well as a voluntary certificate of conformity, certifying that vodka meets all established safety requirements;
- When registering an enterprise, you will have to obtain excise stamps issued according to a new model.
Before opening a vodka enterprise and launching a production line, you will need to study the list of standards approved by the state:
- GOST R52472-2021;
- International quality standard;
- GOST R51355-99.
The list of documents required for obtaining a license is determined by Federal Law No. 171-ФЗ.
Technology of production of alcoholic beverages
- Procurement of water;
- Selection of alcohol, including its purification;
- Preparation of a water-alcohol mixture;
- Processing with silver, coal;
- Weekly settling;
- Spillage of alcoholic beverage.
The vodka enterprise must be equipped with special lines that allow the bottling of alcoholic beverages in automatic mode. Thanks to this, it is possible, without human intervention, to pour the product into the bottle, seal it with a special stopper and finally apply labels.
Enterprise Monthly Costs
A business for the production of alcoholic beverages cannot be opened without the infusion of significant investments, which increases the financial risks of its owner. The main item of expenses will be related to the purchase of the necessary equipment. Further, the costs will be associated with its repair, maintenance and depreciation.
The production process must begin in a workshop with an area of at least 100 sq. meters.
Consequently, the costs will be associated with the acquisition of such premises or with payments for its rent. It also takes into account the costs of repairing the workshop and utility bills. The costs associated with the purchase of raw materials and materials will be made up of the cost:
The tradition of using amusing, invigorating and intoxicating drinks among peoples has developed over millennia. It is difficult to determine what is primary - cultural traditions or traditions of consumption of intoxicating drinks. In any case, modern nations and peoples can be classified as drinkers. Today vodka is an obligatory attribute of any feast and a characteristic of belonging to the Slavs.
Vodka is a mixture of a certain amount of rectified ethyl alcohol with water, which undergoes special filtration and purification with activated carbon.
The amount of a given alcoholic beverage is expressed in deciliters and liters (units of volume). There is such a thing as strength, expressed as a percentage and representing the alcohol content in a mixture. The permissible level of alcohol in ordinary vodka is 40%, but it can be 50% or 56%.
The modern Russian alcoholic beverage industry produces five types of vodka: 40%, 50%, 56%, Moscow special vodka - 40% and capital - 40%. These types of alcoholic beverage differ in the concentration of alcohol in them, the level of its purification and other taste characteristics, which depend on the amount and type of added flavoring ingredients.
In the production of 40% vodka, single distillation alcohol is used, all the other four types use high purity alcohol.
Improving the quality of the finished product is achieved through the addition of such components as sodium acetate, sugar, as well as the use of a longer purification of vodka with activated carbon.
A bit of history
People have tasted alcohol a long time ago. Scientists admit that about 30 thousand years ago, a person who tried a product obtained as a result of fermentation of berries or fruits was convinced of its tonic effect. Initially, there was wine made from grapes. Then we learned how to make beer.
Back in the 4th millennium BC. e. Ancient Egypt was famous for its brewing and winemaking. More than a hundred grape varieties were known at that time. The Roman Empire exported wine all over the world.
Vodka production began with the creation of a distillation process. Based on some sources, oddly enough, we can say that this invention belongs to the Arabs. However, their discovery did not become widely known, since it went against the Koran.
Others argue that alcohol was obtained in the 11-12th centuries by Italian alchemists. The third draws the conclusion that the distillation process itself was already known both in the West and in the East. In search of a substance capable of causing intoxication, alchemists succeeded in distilling wine to isolate a substance that is a kind of its spirit and soul. So the production of vodka arose. Officially, the term "vodka" itself began to be used quite successfully only by the 20th century.