Glass production business idea
This type of activity involves the collection and processing of various garbage, industrial waste and used packaging into new products.
Among all types of recyclable materials, broken glass and used glass containers occupy not the last place in terms of the volume of waste that can be reused and make good money on it, since competition in this sector of the Russian economy is minimal.
Glass waste processing as a business, subject to a competent approach to the entire technological cycle, from the collection of raw materials to the production and sale of finished products, will bring good profit.
The main thing in this business is a properly developed and implemented business project that allows you to plan activities and optimize costs and revenues.
In addition, any waste recycling company can count on government support and subsidies, since this type of activity improves the ecology of the environment and preserves non-renewable natural resources.
They consist in the issuance of grants, subsidies to pay off part of the interest at lending rates and reduce the tax burden.
Unlike in previous years, the recycling of usable glass containers has practically disappeared. Most enterprises in Russia pack their products into new bottles, cans and other containers.
Therefore, there are no problems with the raw materials. In addition, the industry and construction industry produces large volumes of recyclable glass waste.
In such conditions, it is a sin not to take advantage of the situation and not open a profitable business for the production of products from broken glass or simply collecting glass containers for subsequent resale.
In this article we will look at the prospects for such a business and the types of products that can be produced from glass waste.
The benefits of a waste collection and recycling business
Glass waste is practically non-degradable material. It takes hundreds of years for nature to convert this waste into environmentally friendly silica dust.
Glass is a fully recyclable material that can be collected and recycled. Glass is used in a wide variety of industries, from construction to design. Companies that use it in their industries are interested in purchasing cheaper recycled material - all the more so in terms of quality it is not worse than the primary raw material.
In Russia, the glass processing industry begins to develop, the market is free and open to new participants. In this business plan, we will tell you how to open a glass waste recycling plant, what points to consider and what to focus on. The reader will also get acquainted with the approximate calculations of the return on business.
Relevance of glass processing business
The waste processing industry in Russia is poorly developed. Less than 20% of all glass is recycled in the country, in Western Europe - about 90%. Now the state is beginning to pay more attention to this problem, providing subsidies and supporting new processing enterprises.
Businessmen who decide to engage in glass processing will face low competition in the market and can count on targeted support programs.
Glass can be reused and various materials are created from it:
- glass containers;
- foam glass;
- glass wool;
- liquid glass;
- glass tiles.
The demand for the product is high, glass is required for production in various sectors of the economy.
Waste from glass is a problem for the environment, it is dangerous for living things, decomposes (crumbles) over a million years. Their processing is necessary for the preservation of the biosphere.
Technologies and methods of glass processing
Glass has long and firmly entered our life. A huge mass of various products is made from it, without which we cannot imagine our life: dishes, containers, windows, doors, furniture and other items. For enterprising people, it can be quite possible to make glass at home. It is on this business that you can build a profitable business.
The virtues of glass making
Naturally, the production of such material is not cheap, but with the right promotion and organization, it can still bring some profit. Moreover, the production of glass containers is a demanded business.
Among the advantages of this case are the following:
- high payback;
- the possibility of producing different products, that is, expanding the range.
Naturally, the glass manufacturing technology is not simple and requires rather large expenditures (raw materials, energy carriers, equipment).
What documents do you need to work?
So, before starting this business, you should prepare a package of all the necessary papers, thanks to which you can legalize the process. You will need:
- Premises lease agreement.
- Quality certificates for the equipment you will be using.
- Permission of state services (SES, fire department) to perform work associated with increased danger to human health.
- Contracts with suppliers of raw materials.
- Building plan in case of personnel evacuation.
Naturally, you will be hiring a certain number of employees to maintain the equipment. All of them must have work and medical records, and must also undergo a medical examination. It is also advisable to arrange a consumer corner, which will contain copies of documents confirming your right to engage in this type of activity.
In terms of staff, you will need at least 15 people. That is, 5 workers per shift.
Such a business area as glass recycling is still underdeveloped.
And the point here is not at all a low return on costs, but rather a lack of understanding of the essence of the technology.
Besides, the country lacks an effective waste management system, and modern management tools are not applied.
Let's note the advantages of the release of glass containers from glass production waste:
- saving energy resources;
- waste-free production;
- reducing the burden on the environment;
- localizing solid waste landfills.
Technological aspects of glass processing
There are several technologies for recycling glass waste.
They differ slightly depending on the desired product quality and the planned production costs, but in general they consist of the same processes:
- Preparation of raw materials for work - sorting, debris removal, washing, drying.
- Adding special fillers to glass chips that improve the quality of finished products.
- Loading raw materials into forms.
- Submission of filled molds to the glass melting furnace.
- Blowing new bottles and annealing them.
- Glass container cooling.
- Inspection of finished products and packaging.
To prepare glass for work, special separators equipped with magnetic elements are used, as well as devices that form a vacuum environment.
Objects made of glass can be seen almost everywhere now. The history of this material goes back over 5 thousand years. Ancient people used not the most useful things in the household, made from it. More than one millennium will pass before a person will realize to create more functional products. He will be able to organize the production of glass, using specialized equipment.
Line of business
The glass industry has developed well in recent years. This is due to the increased demand from the population. In order for the final product to be of high quality, attention should be paid to the chemical formulas required for its production. A considerable investment of funds is also expected. The last point is the reason that entrepreneurs often refuse to manufacture this material and switch to recycling it.
What can be made from glass?
- mirrors ;
- various souvenirs;
- products used in the furniture industry;
- window components;
- dishes and various containers.
You should be prepared for big investments before starting your own business. In modern conditions, glass production can be associated with certain difficulties. For a mini-business, secondary processing of material is more suitable. Such products are also in demand. Experts recommend paying attention to the furniture industry in this regard.
Glass production became industrial scale in the 18th century. Another century later, a mechanized method of creating sheet products was developed.
Initially, they took raw materials and melted them. As a result, it resembled a gooey mass. With the help of special rollers, the material is thinned. Subsequently, the base was cooled and divided into sheets. They could be of a certain size.
Better methods of processing materials were invented about 50 years later. The so-called float technology was introduced by a company that later became known throughout the world. What was the process based on?
Sheets were formed in a special tank. At the time of receipt, it already contained molten tin. The two substances did not mix. On the contrary, the glass produced in this way was evenly distributed over the metal. This ensured the smoothness of the material, moreover, this method eliminated the appearance of bubbles in the structure. The resulting mass cooled down gradually. To prevent cracks in it, the sheets were sent to a system of rolling rollers.
At the final stage, the web was cut into sheets of the required length. Excess fragments containing traces of the rollers were removed and sent for remelting.