Decorative stone production as a business
Investments: from 200,000 rubles
Payback: from 1 month
In recent years, cladding and the use of artificial decorative stone as a material for creating original interiors has become extremely popular. Its production can be a good business if you follow the instructions carefully and correctly assess all the risks described in this article.
Artificial stone is a common material among builders. It is aesthetically pleasing, comes in various colors, and fits into any interior and style. Many design ideas can be realized with this material.
Artificial stone is purchased, as a rule, by people of average and above average income for facing summer cottages, their own houses, commercial areas, to create decor in an apartment or office.
Considering that the main potential customers are adults with a stable income, the approach to the sale and promotion of the product must be appropriate.
What is required for implementation?
To implement a business project, you will need:
- cement ;
- mineral fillers;
- special forms;
- other materials for creating artificial stone.
In addition to the process of creating stones, it is necessary to take into account the costs of renting premises, hiring employees, as well as utility costs.
The big advantage is that the production of artificial stones does not require any special knowledge or skills. Thus, you can save on the salary of a highly qualified specialist.
Decorative stone is divided into 2 types: for outdoor and indoor use. In the first case, cement, various kinds of pigments, sand and dyes are used. The stone for interior work is made on the basis of plaster. This material must be mixed with cement, oxide pigments and pozzolanic additives.
The historical development of the technological process of artificial stone originates in Ancient India, Egypt, China. The material was joined using binders - lime and gypsum. In the Middle Ages, the use of crumbs of natural materials in the composition of concrete increased the strength and made it possible to imitate natural stone.
Modern artificial stone completely reproduces its natural counterpart. Due to its characteristics, it takes a solid place in the sales market. A manufacturer of artificial stone makes a small investment with a high level of profitability.
Scope, properties, classification
Decorative artificial stone is widely used for finishing external front surfaces and interior decoration inside premises. Low price, high strength, varied texture and color palette offer consumers a wide range of beautification options.
By composition, it can be divided into two types:
- For indoor work, it is used - casting, polymer, acrylic, synthetic, granite, marble and many others. Polymer resins act as a binder. It is used for interior decoration, furniture facades.
- For outdoor work - the basis is cement, sand with the addition of various components.
Material has properties:
- unique decorative possibilities;
- resistance to temperature conditions, chemical attack, ultraviolet radiation;
- light weight, which significantly differs from natural analogue;
- environmentally friendly;
- moisture resistant;
- high operational life;
- easy to install.
Varieties and purpose:
- Stone, with a concrete colored base - durable, resistant to moisture, is used both for exterior decoration of buildings and for interior.
- Acrylic - suitable for the manufacture of countertops, window sills, kitchen aprons.
- Ceramic granite - found a wide range of applications for wall cladding, floors, braziers, fireplaces, stoves, rooms with the accumulation of static electricity.
- Agglomerate - for interior decoration (countertops, counters). In outdoor work - facing facades, laying sidewalks, a stone is used as a cement binder.
- Gypsum - limited to use inside heated rooms at temperatures not lower than 17 degrees Celsius.
- Concrete - monumental and frost-resistant made of cement and sand.
- Liquid - structures of various shapes, which include helium coating.
With the growth in the construction of high-rise buildings, building materials are more and more in demand. Their market is diverse. Beautiful decorative stone is often used to decorate buildings and residential premises. Moreover, demand outstrips supply. A business on a decorative stone can generate a stable income. The main thing is to ensure high quality and to establish product sales.
What is a decorative stone
Decorative finishing with artificial stone is used in the decoration of buildings, both inside and outside. They cover the facade, walls, individual elements. In shape, color and texture, the building material resembles natural stone. It is beautiful, reliable and durable.
Decorating a building with artificial stone can change its appearance. The old building becomes modern and stylish. Building material characteristics:
- light weight;
- ease of use;
- resistance to temperature extremes;
- high thermal conductivity; <
- long lifespan.
Types of decorative stones
There are only two types of stone - natural and artificial. The presentation of natural tiles is unrivaled. However, the high cost of the material forces citizens to use an artificial stone. Types of natural stone:
- granite ;
- shell rock ;
Artificial stone has its advantages. This includes:
Types of artificial decorative stone:
TypeRaw materialsPropertiesCommentsCeramic graniteWhite clay, quartz sand, feldspar, pigments, metal oxideFrost resistance, fire resistance, chemical resistance, electrical insulating properties Requires firing of stone at high temperatures From non-ferrous port concreteDry concrete mixture (sometimes replaced by crushed clay, sandy clay) water-repellent additives Resistant to low temperatures Imitates marble Acrylic Acrylic resin, mineral filler Durability, moisture resistance, ease of maintenance, low resistance to temperature extremes Allows the production of seamless parts and surfaces Agglomerate Marble, granite and quartz crushed stone, polyester resin), can be replaced. Mineral pigments, limestone stones, colored glass (for decoration) Strength, elasticity, frost resistance, ease of care The most durable material from quartz crushed stone Liquid stone Gelcoat (epoxy resin with dyes), mineral fillers Durability, easy care, affordable price Suitable for and restoration of artificial products from natural Stone Gypsum Gypsum powder, dyes, 10% of the total mixture - sand (to give strength) Low cost, environmental friendliness, light weight, absorbs moisture Artificial decorative stone for interior decoration
How to make a decorative stone? Production technology:
An interesting idea is the production of decorative stone as a business. We will discuss below whether it is profitable to do this. After all, even before starting the organization of entrepreneurship, you need to assess the market and weigh all the pros and cons.
Due to its aesthetic data, as well as its low cost, such material is in high demand. And if in your region there are not enough competing firms for its manufacture yet, then it makes sense to invest a certain amount of money and soon come to a net profit.
Benefits of such a business
Artificial stone today has many advantages, which make it so popular in construction, in the repair and decoration of a house, both from the inside and the outside. Among them, the following are especially distinguished:
- environmental friendliness, safety for human health;
- resistance to any aggressive external influences (ultraviolet, chemical agents, temperature extremes, moisture, mechanical damage);
- with the help of injection molds it is given a variety of configurations;
- is lightweight;
- it is easy to work with;
- has a long service life ;
- there is a choice of a wide variety of colors;
- high aesthetics.
To cover all the needs of the market, it is desirable to produce it in two versions at once:
- For external use, pigments, various protective additives and dyes are added to cement and sand.
- To create a decorative stone for finishing the interior of the room, the base is made of gypsum, which is already in the process supplemented with oxide pigments, cement and pozzolanic substances.
This type of building material is used not only for wall cladding, creating steps or window sills. Decorators use it to make gorgeous countertops, bar counters, fireplace portals, unique sinks, etc. It is not surprising that the production of decorative stone as a business is a promising and successful direction even for a beginner.
Where to start?
To think over all the steps in advance and build the organizational process correctly, you should start drawing up a competent business plan. At the same time, you will assess the market, demand for products, the main directions of production in your region, the number and level of competing firms, your financial capabilities and development prospects.
Only after that you can decide whether it is profitable to start such an enterprise and proceed to the next stages:
Download a free business plan for the production of decorative stone as a sample.
For the first time, artificially making a stone began in the middle of the last century. It was very similar to natural in texture and color. The first mastered the production of artificial stone in the west, but at the end of the 20th century, the technology was applied in our country.
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Artificial stone for facade cladding.
The delightful architecture of medieval castles and ancient palaces attracts many. Today, many architects and designers are trying to give modern buildings the same invincibility and grandeur. However, the use of natural stone is difficult in many cases. Somewhere this is due to the difficulty in processing natural raw materials, somewhere its extraction is difficult. Cladding with natural materials is often too expensive for the building owner.
All these shortcomings are compensated by a new material - an artificial stone made from a mixture of natural raw materials: gypsum, cement, sand and water. All raw materials are available on the market. It is inexpensive, therefore the final product is available to most construction companies and private developers.
Artificial material comes in different colors. The paints are stable and do not lose their color over the years. The finishing material gives not only beauty to the facade of the building, but also additionally protects the walls from the effects of weather disasters. Experts say that it is possible to revet surfaces with artificial stone at any time of the year.
Artificial stone production technology
How to make an artificial stone, let's talk in more detail. There are two technologies by which this material is made today:
- vibration casting ;
- vibration pressing.