Business ideas production of paintwork materials
Paints and varnishes are products that are used to cover and paint a variety of surfaces. They are a special solution in the form of a suspension, and when applied to the surface to be painted, they form a kind of coating with certain qualities. They are among the most demanded building materials and are involved in repairs of any complexity, in various finishing works. Paints and varnishes are divided into many types:
- Various adhesives.
- Enamels, etc.
Classification range of paints and varnishes
The production of paints and varnishes implies that the person who decides to open a business is well versed in the classifications of these materials.
- The main materials, which are the most widespread on the market of building and finishing materials, are varnishes, which leave the painted coating transparent.
- Second, paint, which forms a coating of different colors. In terms of composition, paints can be oil (they contain drying oil) and water-dispersible.
- Third, enamel.
- Fourth, primer and putty.
- How semi-finished products use an intermediate category: this includes drying oil, which helps the surface dry as soon as possible.
- Resins, thinner for paints and varnishes.
Organization of business for the production of paintwork materials
The production of paints and varnishes is currently a very profitable and cost-effective business. However, as with any work, the business plan must be clearly and correctly organized. It is believed that the most attractive and interesting direction in this area is the business of the production of water-dispersible materials.
Their production has more than a hundred years of history. Such paints and varnishes gained the greatest popularity in the West, since in Russia for a very long time nothing was produced except for adhesives and paints of terrible quality.
Dispersion paints are more environmentally friendly, less harmful to health and very easy to use, so they are used even by beginners in repair work. Since the modern construction market is just beginning to master this type of paints, the business for their production in Russia can be very successful and promising.
Recommendations for organizing a business project
The main issues to look out for when setting up your business are:
- Production room.
- Necessary and quality raw materials.
- Equipment for paint and varnish production.
- Developed technology for production.
Opening an auto enamel store can grow into a stable business that generates a regular income. But in order to declare yourself at the start and not "go to the bottom" without having time to untwist, you will have to work hard.
Not you, so into you - perhaps even the most accurate driver over time runs the risk of getting into a traffic accident over time and face the need to restore the paintwork of his car. The flow of customers for straightening and painting of body elements from professional car services and good private painters does not stop almost all year round. In this regard, the issue of the supply of car enamels and consumables remains relevant all the time - as a result, well-promoted retail outlets bring their owners a good income.
The most popular among industry professionals are car enamels of such brands as DuPont, Mobihel, Vika. The products of the American company DuPont are traditionally of high quality, although the prices are not cheap (to the credit of the Yankees, it is worth noting that they also have a budget line of Duxone auto enamels). Mobihel is a strong "middle peasant" of European origin; the paints of this brand are developed in Slovenia. Well, the domestic industry is represented by the popular "Vika" - these car enamels have been produced in Yaroslavl by the "Russian Paints" plant for almost 20 years - since 2021.
Let's make a reservation right away - it doesn't make much sense to open a store dealing only with car enamels in a large city with a population of one million. Either it is worth considering the sale of paints as a concomitant direction (for example, "following up" by doing autochemistry, oils or accessories), or in parallel to develop the B2B direction.
Expanding your product range will allow you to increase your sales revenue. It makes sense to include automotive oils, filters, polishes, etc. in the must-have list, even if you sell them with a minimum mark-up of 10-20 percent.
Whereas some 10 years ago painters (or service employees) went to the shops to buy car enamels on their own, now the market is dominated by large distributors who have excellent regular delivery on order. Therefore, if you do not want the business to “go to the bottom” after a while, you must immediately resolve the issue of delivery and sales to corporate customers (even if this loud phrase refers to a modest garage service for a couple of parking spaces on the outskirts of a sleeping area).
It is better to open a store next to a stable traffic of potential buyers - this is either a car market, or a large garage cooperative, or an area near a long-running car service.
An interesting point - some entrepreneurs even manage to negotiate the lease of part of the premises from the existing service. The benefit is mutual - the owner of an auto enamel store gets a premise at a favorable price and in addition to a regular customer nearby, and a car service - a reliable supplier who will always sell paint at a good discount and pick up enamel on the spot to match the car being repaired. In a word, barter, as they liked to say in the dashing nineties.
To open a shop specializing in car enamels, you must register as an individual entrepreneur. The main activity code according to the OKVED classifier is as follows:
- 47. 2 - Retail trade in hardware, paints and varnishes and glass in specialized stores.
This includes the sub-item "Retail trade of paints, drying oils and varnishes".
The production of paints and varnishes has been and remains one of the most promising and profitable investments. Varnishes and paints are the most common and one of the most affordable finishing materials. Despite the fact that the domestic industry is developing quite actively in this segment, nevertheless, the competition is still not so high, and the new business has every chance of success.
Over the past 6-7 years, the market for paints and varnishes has been constantly increasing. However, this growth was mainly due to imports, whose share before the crisis was more than 20%. Over the past two years, this market has shrunk by 2.4%.
Russian manufacturers mainly produce solvent-borne materials (paints, varnishes, primers, putties), water-dispersible paints and varnishes, intermediate (drying oils, solvents) and oil paints. Moreover, in the segment of the chemical and petrochemical industry, the production of varnishes and paints accounts for only 2.5% of the total output.
Analysts note that there is a shortage of domestic products on the market of paints and varnishes, although the production capacity for the production of these finishing materials is less than half loaded. Only ten Russian factories produce about 70% of the total production of varnishes and paints. However, small businesses still retain a significant share of local and regional markets.
According to the forecast of experts, by 2021 the market volume will reach 1,511 thousand tons, which is 31% more than in the crisis year of 2021.
Classification of paints and varnishes
First, let's understand the definition and classification of varnishes and paints produced.
Paints and varnishes, according to GOST 28246-2021, are liquid, pasty or powder materials that, when applied to the painted surface, form a coating that has protective, decorative or special technical properties. All paints and varnishes are usually divided into three groups: basic, intermediate and others. The main materials include:
- varnish is a paint and varnish material that forms a transparent coating when applied;
- paint is a liquid or paste-like pigmented material that contains varnish of various brands or water as a film-forming substance a dispersion of synthetic polymers and which forms an opaque coating upon application;
- enamel is a liquid or paste-like pigmented paint and varnish material that has a paint and varnish medium in the form of a film-forming agent solution and forms an opaque coating during application;
- a primer , which, when applied to the painted surface, forms an opaque or transparent homogeneous coating with good adhesion to the painted surface itself and to the coating layers;
- putty is a paste or liquid paint and varnish material that is applied to the surface before painting to smooth out irregularities and obtaining a smooth surface.
Intermediate paints and varnishes are used primarily as semi-finished products. These include:
Acrylic paints production technology: manufacturing, raw materials, personnel, premises
Protective and decorative coatings obtained by applying acrylic paints are durable, chemically resistant and have low toxicity. The enterprises producing them are distinguished by a short payback period and low complexity of the equipment used.
What is needed to organize the process
The list of requirements for starting a technological line is very small, in comparison with the preparation of paints on a non-aqueous basis. The central device in which the process of dispersing the acrylic binder, fillers and additives in water takes place is the dissolver.
Ancillary equipment includes:
- wooden and metal pallets;
- containers for collection and temporary storage of paint;
- containers for bottling the finished product;
- electronic and commodity scales;
- forklift and pallet truck (for large production volumes).
The following components are used in the production of acrylic-based paints:
- saturated acrylic dispersion;
- dispersant - to increase the resulting emulsion;
- calcium carbonate - a standard filler and pigment in cheap paints; <
- thickener - gives the mixture the necessary fluidity;
- antifoam - prevents the product from foaming during mixing and dispersion;
- coalescent - promotes film formation;
- pigment on an inorganic basis. Titanium dioxide is the most popular among white paints.
Non-residential premises with an area of over 40 m2 (no more than 80 m2 at the initial stage) are suitable for the production of acrylic paint. The workplace should have natural and artificial lighting, natural ventilation, water supply and sewerage.
A significant advantage of the production of water-acrylic emulsions is that there is no need for a special exhaust system. Low volatility of most components requires only standard work clothing.
Setting up a business for the production of water-based paints
The once forgotten boring walls and ceilings, painted with ordinary paint, give way to modern wallpaper, stretch ceilings and plasterboard finishes.
However, despite the current trend, the volume of water-based paint (which is often called water-based paint) continues to grow steadily.
Moreover, such production is considered to be profitable and economically viable, since there is simply no tough competition in this segment of paints and varnishes.
Water-based paints are a suspension that consists of water, a binding base and pigments. All raw materials are practically harmless to the human body, since there are no harmful fumes.
That is why it is not necessary to obtain a certificate of conformity for paint, since water-based paint is not included in the list of paints and varnishes that are subject to mandatory certification.
A voluntary certificate of conformity (photo certificate) should be issued for water-based paint.
It is issued for any type of paint and varnish products, and it can be obtained from an accredited certification body. Before starting production activities, a novice entrepreneur needs to study the regulatory documents regulating the quality of finished products, namely:
- GOST 19214-80 Water-based paints for interior work. Specifications
- GOST 20833-75 Water-based paints for outdoor use. Specifications
Do not forget about the official registration of the business, namely, the registration of a legal entity (or individual). To do this, you should decide on the most preferable option, focusing on the minimum tax deductions. For example, it can be an LLC (with a simplified form of taxation) or an individual entrepreneur.
Necessary equipment for the production of water-based paint
The processing line will consist of the following equipment: