Business idea: production of laminated veneer lumber
Currently, the construction of houses from a bar has gained wide popularity. Modern technologies allow almost the entire structure to be manufactured in the factory, and the construction turns into an assembly of a designer in the form of a house kit. Given the huge demand for housing in the vastness of Russia, the production of houses from a bar has become a profitable business. How to organize it, you need to think in advance, assessing all the pros, cons and prospects.
Advantages and disadvantages of log houses
Houses from a bar have a number of indisputable advantages:
Disadvantages of a log house are associated with certain properties of wood:
- Flammability. To reduce the fire hazard, impregnation with special compounds is required.
- Rotting tendency and low biological resistance. Harmful microorganisms, fungi, and mold actively multiply in the tree. Without antiseptic impregnation, the wood undergoes active decay.
- Shrinkage. It is significant when the residual moisture content of the timber is high.
- Number of storeys (no more than 2 storeys).
Important! When choosing a high-quality timber and observing the technology, the service life of log houses exceeds 100 years. The speed and simplicity of construction leads to the widespread use of such structures, especially as summer cottages, seasonal houses, baths and outbuildings.
Features of home kits
The construction of log houses from ready-made house kits has gained particular popularity. They are a set of elements that allow you to assemble the entire structure without special preparation and processing. In fact, this is a ready-made house, made in the factory for a specific project, but then disassembled into its component parts for ease of transportation. Each part has clearly defined dimensions and connecting elements (spikes, grooves, "bowls", holes for pins, etc.). The timber is cut off and specially processed.
A typical house kit consists of the following elements:
- a set of beams for assembling the outer walls of a log house and internal partitions;
- a bottom (flashing) crown;
- a set for installing a subfloor, floor joists;
- floor beams and support pillars;
- roof details, incl. rafters and lathing;
- ceiling sheathing;
- connecting parts (pins, staples, etc.);
- additional elements (waterproofing, insulation, etc.) );
- impregnation compounds (biosecurity, fire protection).
Assembly instructions must be attached.
Sometimes the manufacturer offers an extended home kit that includes additional parts:
Investments: from 10,500,000 rubles
Payback: from 12 months
Many residents of our country have already appreciated such building material as glued beams. Ease of use, ease of installation, environmental friendliness make it especially attractive. Therefore, recently it has been in great demand and its production can be a good idea for business.
The production of laminated veneer lumber in accordance with the existing quality standards will always bring profit. Products do not stagnate on the building materials market, so if you have the means and the desire to work, you can organize an enterprise with the following features:
- High demand for manufactured building materials.
- A relatively simple technology.
- Establishing a distribution channel will be easy.
- There will be no problems with the supply of raw materials in Russia.
What is required for implementation?
To establish production, it is necessary to concentrate in three directions:
- Investment in business - purchase of the necessary equipment and raw materials.
- Maintain a continuous workflow.
- Establishing distribution channels for finished products.
You also need to take into account the rental costs, the organization of suitable working conditions and staff compensation.
It has been and remains very profitable to be engaged in the production of sawn timber, since the demand for processed wood never falls, and quality products always find their buyer.
The main consumers of sawn timber are furniture factories, construction companies and diversified manufacturing enterprises.
Lumber is a product of sawing wood of a wide variety of species. The most popular species of wood, which is a raw material for such production in the CIS countries, is pine.
Setting up your own business for the production of foam blocks - see the link for details.
Linden, alder, spruce, hornbeam, ash, oak, maple, larch, cherry are also popular. Less commonly, birch and poplar are used for sawn timber.
Why open the sawmill
There are few reasons for opening and developing a sawmill business, but they are very compelling and well-reasoned.
Firstly, today more and more people prefer to use ecological materials for the construction of houses, cottages, to create unique and safe furniture, for the organic decoration of premises. Therefore, the demand for treated wood will constantly increase.
Secondly, the price of wood, just like gold, will always stay at the same level. Both during the period of economic growth and during the crisis years, the woodworking industry will bring a stable income.
Stages of business organization and development
Such direction in the field of building materials as the production of laminated veneer lumber is in great demand on the market. Among all wood materials, it is glued laminated timber that combines naturalness and modern technologies. It does not dry out, is not subject to mechanical damage, is durable and can significantly speed up the construction of the building. It can be produced in relatively small workshops, which is especially beneficial for aspiring entrepreneurs.
Glued laminated timber production technology
Glued laminated timber is a building material made by longitudinal gluing of wood fragments (lamellas). The manufacturer selects wooden boards with the required characteristics and glues them together. Pine, spruce and some types of larch are commonly used as the main raw materials. In a brief description, the glued laminated timber manufacturing technology looks very simple, but in reality there are many nuances and subtleties that affect the quality of the final product.
It is believed that selecting the wood and gluing the best and strongest pieces together helps to eliminate all the disadvantages of traditional wood. This material does not really dry out, does not deform. Its strength can be predicted, which compares favorably with solid natural solid wood. The construction speed of buildings is many times higher than that of a regular tree. It is comparable to bricks and any blocks. At the same time, many are attracted by the naturalness, special appearance, ecological purity of this material. Finnish-made glued laminated timber is popular on the market, which is considered the standard of this building material. Let's consider the production process in more detail.
Manufacturing begins with the selection of raw materials. It is necessary to be guided by the state standard 8486-86. The required external characteristics, humidity, knotty are described here. It is allowed to use the following types of wood:
- pine ;
- tree ;
- fir ;
- larch ;
- cedar ...
Northern pine is preferred. It is the most durable and allows you to create a material with excellent performance characteristics. Of course, only even logs are suitable for a bar, without rot, knots, wormholes and other damage. The size of the lamellas when sawing depends on the planned dimensions of the bar.
Most often, planks of the same species of wood are used for timber, but you can find a combination of two or even several species.
In the natural environment, the moisture content of some wood species reaches 90%. This is unacceptable for the production of timber: too wet raw materials will lead to the fact that the finished building material deforms, cracks and becomes unusable. Therefore, lamellas - wood fragments - must be dried before gluing.
The moisture content of the tree is reduced by an average of 10 times - from 80–90% to 8–9%. For this, convection drying chambers are used. Drying is carried out by heating steam, flue gas or air. The moisture that is released from the lamellas in the process is used for heating or is removed through the ventilation to the outside. There are other types of dryers, but the convector type is the easiest to operate and the most cost-effective.
Profiled timber production: material advantages + production technology + list of required equipment + business registration + staff recruitment and premises + calculation of investments and return on investment + analysis of the production of glued profiled timber.
Many people dream of country houses made of wood. Previously, only logs or solid timber were used for such construction, but today they have been replaced by a new material - profiled timber.
Such a building material, despite its modernity, has already gained wide popularity. And the number of manufacturers making it is growing rapidly.
How is the production of profiled timber, and whether it is possible to build a profitable business on this, we will tell you right now.
What is profiled timber and where is it used?
Profiled timber is a very high-tech building material, which is a worthy alternative to ordinary (solid) and rounded logs.
If the logs shrink significantly, and the timber cracks very much over the years, then the technology for manufacturing the profiled timber allows you to avoid such shortcomings, thanks to which it received such recognition.
This building material is a square, rectangular or oval beam on one side (depending on the section), on the sides of which a profile of the "comb" or "thorn-groove" type is cut.
It turns out that one or two sides of the timber are perfectly flat, while the other two have special cutouts - spikes and grooves, with the help of which it became possible to build a house with the maximum adhesion of the material.
But not only houses can be built with profiled beams. It is often also used in the construction of country cottages, baths and guest houses.